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This module emphasizes software quality engineering as an integral facet of development, from requirements through delivery and maintenance. We will understand how to choose appropriate quality goals and select, plan, and execute quality assurance activities throughout development and evolution to predictably meet quality and schedule goals. We introduce also how quality assurance can be incorporated into process improvement feedback loops that amplify the ability of an organization to cost-effectively prevent and detect faults.

Introduction

What is software quality, and why is it so important that it is pervasive in the Software Engineering Body of Knowledge? Within an information system, software is a tool, and tools have to be selected for quality and for appropriateness. That is the role of equirements. But software is more than a tool. It dictates the performance of the system, and it is therefore important to the system quality.

The notion of “quality” is not as simple as it may seem. For any engineered product, there are many desired qualities relevant to a particular project, to be discussed and determined at the time that the product requirements are determined. Qualities may be present or absent, or may be matters of degree, with tradeoffs among them, with practicality and cost as major considerations. The software engineer has a responsibility to elicit the system’s quality requirements that may not be explicit at the outset and to discuss their importance and the difficulty of attaining them. All processes associated with software quality (e.g. building, checking, improving quality) will be designed with these in mind

and carry costs based on the design. Thus, it is important to have in mind some of the possible attributes of quality.

Various researchers have produced models (usually taxonomic) of software quality characteristics or attributes that can be useful for discussing, planning, and rating the quality of software products. The models often include metrics to “measure” the degree of each quality attribute the product attains.

Usually these metrics may be applied at any of the product levels. They are not always direct measures of the quality characteristics of the finished product, but may be relevant to the achievement of overall quality. Each model may have a different set of attributes at the highest level of the taxonomy, and selection of and definitions for the attributes at all levels may differ. The important point is that the system software requirements define the quality requirements and the definitions of the attributes for them.

Software quality fundamentals

Agreement on quality requirements, as well as clear communication to the software engineer on what constitutes quality, require that the many aspects of quality be formally defined and discussed.

A software engineer should understand the underlying meanings of quality concepts and characteristics and their value to the software under development or to maintenance.

The important concept is that the software requirements define the required quality characteristics of the software and influence the measurement methods and acceptance criteria for assessing these characteristics.

Questions & Answers

Text editor project in c++
Ayesha Reply
hi daddy
Sreenu
hello sir
Ranjith
are unmanned flying machines that are built and equipped with various kinds of software systems that allow them to see, hear, and act. Discuss some of the societal challenges of building such kinds of systems.
johni Reply
You have developed a prototype of a software system and your manager is very impressed by it. She proposes that it should be put into use as a production sys tem, with new features added as required. This avoids the expense of system dev immediately useful. Write a short report for your manager expl
johni
You have developed a prototype of a software system and your manager is very impressed by it. She proposes that it should be put into use as a production sys tem, with new features added as required. This avoids the expense of system dev immediately useful.
johni
You have developed a prototype of a software system and your manager is very impressed by it. She proposes that it should be put into use as a production sys tem, with new features added as required. This avoids the expense of system dev immediately useful.
johni
You have developed a prototype of a software system and your manager is very impressed by it. She proposes that it should be put into use as a production sys tem, with new features added as required. This avoids the expense of system dev immediately useful. Write a short report for your manager expl
johni
You have developed a prototype of a software system and your manager is very impressed by it. She proposes that it should be put into use as a production sys tem, with new features added as required. This avoids the expense of system dev immediately useful.
johni
what is cocomo ?
Surabhi Reply
?
StReeT
give me coding of these projects
Aman Reply
feasibility study&fact gathering techniques
Nachi Reply
write about software engineering
Mandala Reply
8.10.0.
BARBU
define iterative model. example of iterative model. advantages and disadvantages of iterative model. when to use iterative model
Okello Reply
What is DFD in Software engineering
Hamid
i try out in netbeans this code:public class Profile { private Profile(int w) { // line 1 System.out.println(w); } public final Profile() { // line 5 System.out.println(10); } public static void main(String args[]) { Profile obj = new Profile(50); } } It is the question 5, and the answer is 50
Jacqueline Reply
how to join conversation
Bablu
i need help....Discuss the factors that influence the choice of the software development methodology to use when implementing software projects?(20)
tatenda Reply
The success rate of software development projects can be increased by using a methodology that is adequate for the specific characteristics of those projects.  then the focus on RAD,XP,RUP.
Hemant
hemant hie...it is a presentation i am working on...can you help me wth the introduction....please a powerful one hahahahha
tatenda
yes
Hemant
Define and show all Dipthongs and vowels used in english phonetics
Okendro Reply
what is the software engineering
Axmed Reply
please
Jennifer
hhahhaha
martin
software engineering is a organized process of activities for development a use full software . it may consist of : 1:spcecification 2:design 3: implementation 4: evolution:
hamayun
Please how can I create an application?
Eric Reply
please how can I create an application
Nchor
How do we create a software
Florence Reply
give a more direct question
Louis Reply
what is semantics?
amjad
what r the computer codes
Kawuba Reply
machine code, source code , object code, and byte code etc
Hemant

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Source:  OpenStax, Software engineering. OpenStax CNX. Jul 29, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10790/1.1
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