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Genocide is not a just a historical concept; it is practiced today. Recently, ethnic and geographic conflicts in the Darfur region of Sudan have led to hundreds of thousands of deaths. As part of an ongoing land conflict, the Sudanese government and their state-sponsored Janjaweed militia have led a campaign of killing, forced displacement, and systematic rape of Darfuri people. Although a treaty was signed in 2011, the peace is fragile.

Expulsion

Expulsion refers to a subordinate group being forced, by a dominant group, to leave a certain area or country. As seen in the examples of the Trail of Tears and the Holocaust, expulsion can be a factor in genocide. However, it can also stand on its own as a destructive group interaction. Expulsion has often occurred historically with an ethnic or racial basis. In the United States, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066 in 1942, after the Japanese government’s attack on Pearl Harbor. The Order authorized the establishment of internment camps for anyone with as little as one-eighth Japanese ancestry (i.e., one great-grandparent who was Japanese). Over 120,000 legal Japanese residents and Japanese U.S. citizens, many of them children, were held in these camps for up to four years, despite the fact that there was never any evidence of collusion or espionage. (In fact, many Japanese Americans continued to demonstrate their loyalty to the United States by serving in the U.S. military during the War.) In the 1990s, the U.S. executive branch issued a formal apology for this expulsion; reparation efforts continue today.

Segregation

Segregation refers to the physical separation of two groups, particularly in residence, but also in workplace and social functions. It is important to distinguish between de jure segregation (segregation that is enforced by law) and de facto segregation (segregation that occurs without laws but because of other factors). A stark example of de jure segregation is the apartheid movement of South Africa, which existed from 1948 to 1994. Under apartheid, black South Africans were stripped of their civil rights and forcibly relocated to areas that segregated them physically from their white compatriots. Only after decades of degradation, violent uprisings, and international advocacy was apartheid finally abolished.

De jure segregation occurred in the United States for many years after the Civil War. During this time, many former Confederate states passed Jim Crow laws that required segregated facilities for blacks and whites. These laws were codified in 1896’s landmark Supreme Court case Plessey v. Ferguson , which stated that “separate but equal” facilities were constitutional. For the next five decades, blacks were subjected to legalized discrimination, forced to live, work, and go to school in separate—but unequal —facilities. It wasn’t until 1954 and the Brown v. Board of Education case that the Supreme Court declared that “separate educational facilities are inherently unequal,” thus ending de jure segregation in the United States.

Questions & Answers

Do what do theories on gender say
Miriro Reply
nonviolent crime include what?
Ajayi Reply
White Collar Crime
Basit
How has sociolgy change the way you see the world?
JV Reply
what is sociology
Kelvin Reply
sociology is a science of social relationship.
is the studies of people living in a particular jurisdiction and with a particular behavioural pattern
Evance
that highlight principle of how to live in society
Akak
Welcome
Shabana
Explain Levi-Strauss conception of Binary opposition.
Silent
what is socialogy
Kelvin Reply
study of human behaviour
Kainat
scientific and systematic study of human behaviour and social life generally
basher
It's the study of human behaviour and the interactions he has with others depending which parental, scholar, social and environmental education within various geographical sites he grew up in.
Pit
How many types of sociology?
Zalkifl Reply
I don't know
Omiat
4 types is the matirial nun matirial idea rea and real.
Shabana
compte Auguste
susan
i dont knw
German
what are the founders of sociology and their theories
Asad Reply
what is stratification?
vinay Reply
Stratification is also called social stratification. Sosial stratification is a social differentiation whereby members od society are gouped into socioeconomic strata,based upon their occupation, incom,wealth and social status or derived power(social and political power).
Muhammad
what is founders of sociology and their theory.?
Asad
what do you know about gender roles and stratification
Kayla
Gender roles are socially and culturally created by people in a specific geographical area upon the values and attitudes which they value as normal to them
Miriro
Stratification is a form of hierarchy
Miriro
what is culture
Trev Reply
Bangali
Rasel
your culture
Rasel
difference between agent of socialization and social institution
Lydia Reply
can u give me the difference
Calextus
i need an answer please
Lydia
sunlight the scale of the population of a specific group of species in a variety of contexts I'm more interested in legitimate education processes to allow specifically young disabled people can you recover from whatever causes them to be without a suitable for dissipation in their habitats and all
Matthew
Ok
Amos
i,m interested for this subjects..
Rasel Reply
Function of schools and peers groups in sociology development
Asaba Reply
The family is a social institution that unites individuals into cooperative groups that oversee the bearing and raising of children. These units are in turn built on kinship, a social bond based on blood, marriage, or adoption, that joins individuals into families. Critically discuss forces that sh
Nicholas Reply
What's the most important way to persuade the minds of people into sociology?
Heathara Reply
We are confronted by persuasion in a wide variety of forms every single to Media Matters, a typical adult is exposed to approximately 600 to 625 ads in any form each and every day. Food makers want us to buy their newest product.
Mark
movie studios want us to go see the latest blockbusters. Because persuasion is such a pervasive component of our lives, it is often all-too-easy to overlook how we are influenced by outside sources.
Mark
here are five major steps that a sociologist have to know if he or she wants to be successful let me say this first when the sociologist is dealing with persuasion or lack of a better term manipulation you have to know when you getting manipulated and when you're not and if you're doing the manipula
Mark
see a sociologist foundation is I know right from wrong and do right now here are the five ways of manipulation in any setting no matter whether it is sociology psychology whatever it is a one-on-one over a candy bar you have to know and learn the act of persuasion.
Mark
To get someone to listen to your argument, you need to get their attention. You have about five seconds when talking to someone to engage their attention before they will lose focus. You can do this in several ways.
Mark
forearm or shoulder to draw their attention. Bring up a topic that you know they are passionate about and segue into your argument – but be sure there is a valid connection so you don’t seem to be changing the topic too quickly Start with a statement that conveys the benefit of your position for t
Mark
Start with a statement that conveys the benefit of your position for the other person
Mark
how the media reproduces ideological constructs such as gender, race, youth, beauty, or any other ideology?
orshii Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Introduction to sociology 2e. OpenStax CNX. Jan 20, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11762/1.6
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