<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >
A man dressed in white is shown from behind looking down over the Kaaba, Islam’s most sacred site. Hundreds of other people, dressed in all black or all white, can be seen circling a large black cube-like structure on the floor of a stadium-like structure.
cornerstones of Muslim practice is journeying to the religion’s most sacred place, Mecca. (Photo courtesy of Raeky/flickr)

Christianity

Today the largest religion in the world, Christianity began 2,000 years ago in Palestine, with Jesus of Nazareth, a charismatic leader who taught his followers about caritas (charity) or treating others as you would like to be treated yourself.

The sacred text for Christians is the Bible. While Jews, Christians, and Muslims share many of same historical religious stories, their beliefs verge. In their shared sacred stories, it is suggested that the son of God—a messiah—will return to save God’s followers. While Christians believe that he already appeared in the person of Jesus Christ, Jews and Muslims disagree. While they recognize Christ as an important historical figure, their traditions don’t believe he’s the son of God, and their faiths see the prophecy of the messiah’s arrival as not yet fulfilled.

Different Christian groups have variations among their sacred texts. For instance, Mormons, an established Christian sect, also use the Book of Mormon, which they believe details other parts of Christian doctrine and Jesus’ life that aren’t included in the Bible. Similarly, the Catholic Bible includes the Apocrypha, a collection that, while part of the 1611 King James translation, is no longer included in Protestant versions of the Bible. Although monotheistic, Christians often describe their god through three manifestations that they call the Holy Trinity: the father (God), the son (Jesus), and the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit is a term Christians often use to describe religious experience, or how they feel the presence of the sacred in their lives. One foundation of Christian doctrine is the Ten Commandments, which decry acts considered sinful, including theft, murder, and adultery.

Summary

Sociological terms for different kinds of religious organizations are, in order of decreasing influence in society, ecclesia, denomination, sect, and cult. Religions can be categorized according to what or whom its followers worship. Some of the major, and oldest, of the world’s religions include Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Judaism, Islam, and Christianity.

Short answer

Consider the different types of religious organizations in the United States. What role did ecclesia play in the history of the United States? How have sects tended to change over time? What role do cults have today?

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

What is your understanding of monotheism versus polytheism? How might your ideology be an obstacle to understanding the theism of another religion you’re unfamiliar with?

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

In U.S. society, do you believe there is social stratification that correlates with religious beliefs? What about within the practitioners of a given religion? Provide examples to illustrate your point.

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Further research

PBS’s Frontline explores “the life of Jesus and the rise of Christianity” in this in-depth documentary. View the piece in its entirety here: (External Link) .

For more insight on Confucianism, read the Analects by Confucius, at (External Link) . For a primer on Judaism, read Judaism 101 at (External Link) .

Sorting through the different Christian denominations can be a daunting task. To help clarify these groups, go to (External Link) .

References

Craig, Mary, transl. 2002. The Pocket Dalai Lama . Boston, MA: Shambhala.

Feng, Gia-fu, and Jane English, transl. 1972. “Introduction” in Tao Te Ching . New York: Random House.

Holy Bible: 1611 Edition, King James Version. 1982 [1611]. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson.

Smith, Huston. 1991 [1958]. The World’s Religions . San Francisco, CA: Harper Collins.

Questions & Answers

introduction of sociology
Nawaraj Reply
study of social groups,Scoiety and social interaction
Abdul Reply
Relationship between the human beings and the societal structure of the society.
Subedi
what is sociology
Ramesh Reply
short question realited with research
Yuvi Reply
theories of max weber
Baraka Reply
Andreas Anter, Max Weber’s Theory of the Modern State Reviewed by Christopher Adair-Toteff Abstract: This is a review of Max Weber’s Theory of the Modern State in which Andreas Anter lays out Weber’s conception of the modern state. Working from fragmentary sources Anter reconstructs it by placing We
Zafar
class struggle by marx
Neivah
what is change
max Reply
 change refers to any significant alteration over time in behavior patterns and cultural values and norms. By “significant” alteration, sociologists mean changes yielding profound social consequences. Examples of significant social changes having long‐term effects include the industrial revolution,
Zafar
what are the process of social change
Aqeel Reply
Do what do theories on gender say
Miriro Reply
nonviolent crime include what?
Ajayi Reply
White Collar Crime
Basit
How has sociolgy change the way you see the world?
JV Reply
what is sociology
Kelvin Reply
sociology is a science of social relationship.
is the studies of people living in a particular jurisdiction and with a particular behavioural pattern
Evance
that highlight principle of how to live in society
Akak
Welcome
Shabana
Explain Levi-Strauss conception of Binary opposition.
Silent
what is socialogy
Kelvin Reply
study of human behaviour
Kainat
scientific and systematic study of human behaviour and social life generally
basher
It's the study of human behaviour and the interactions he has with others depending which parental, scholar, social and environmental education within various geographical sites he grew up in.
Pit
How many types of sociology?
Zalkifl Reply
I don't know
Omiat
4 types is the matirial nun matirial idea rea and real.
Shabana
compte Auguste
susan
i dont knw
German
what are the founders of sociology and their theories
Asad Reply
what is stratification?
vinay Reply
Stratification is also called social stratification. Sosial stratification is a social differentiation whereby members od society are gouped into socioeconomic strata,based upon their occupation, incom,wealth and social status or derived power(social and political power).
Muhammad
what is founders of sociology and their theory.?
Asad
what do you know about gender roles and stratification
Kayla
Gender roles are socially and culturally created by people in a specific geographical area upon the values and attitudes which they value as normal to them
Miriro
Stratification is a form of hierarchy
Miriro

Get the best Introduction to sociol... course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Introduction to sociology 2e. OpenStax CNX. Jan 20, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11762/1.6
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Introduction to sociology 2e' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask