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Symbolic interactionist perspective

Those working in the symbolic interaction perspective take a microanalytical view of society. They focus on the way reality is socially constructed through day-to-day interaction and how society is composed of people communicating based on a shared understanding of symbols.

One important symbolic interactionist concept related to work and the economy is career inheritance    . This concept means simply that children tend to enter the same or similar occupation as their parents, which is a correlation that has been demonstrated in research studies (Antony 1998). For example, the children of police officers learn the norms and values that will help them succeed in law enforcement, and since they have a model career path to follow, they may find law enforcement even more attractive. Related to career inheritance is career socialization—learning the norms and values of a particular job.

Finally, a symbolic interactionist might study what contributes to job satisfaction. Melvin Kohn and his fellow researchers (1990) determined that workers were most likely to be happy when they believed they controlled some part of their work, when they felt they were part of the decision-making processes associated with their work, when they have freedom from surveillance, and when they felt integral to the outcome of their work. Sunyal, Sunyal, and Yasin (2011) found that a greater sense of vulnerability to stress, the more stress experienced by a worker, and a greater amount of perceived risk consistently predicted a lower worker job satisfaction.

Summary

Economy refers to the social institution through which a society’s resources (goods and services) are managed. The Agricultural Revolution led to development of the first economies that were based on trading goods. Mechanization of the manufacturing process led to the Industrial Revolution and gave rise to two major competing economic systems. Under capitalism, private owners invest their capital and that of others to produce goods and services they can sell in an open market. Prices and wages are set by supply and demand and competition. Under socialism, the means of production is commonly owned, and the economy is controlled centrally by government. Several countries’ economies exhibit a mix of both systems. Convergence theory seeks to explain the correlation between a country’s level of development and changes in its economic structure.

Short answer

Explain the difference between state socialism with central planning and market socialism.

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In what ways can capitalistic and socialistic economies converge?

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Describe the impact a rapidly growing economy can have on families.

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How do you think the United States economy will change as we move closer to a technology-driven service economy?

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Further research

Green jobs have the potential to improve not only your prospects of getting a good job, but the environment as well. To learn more about the green revolution in jobs go to (External Link)

One alternative to traditional capitalism is to have the workers own the company for which they work. To learn more about company-owned businesses check out: (External Link)

Questions & Answers

compare and contrast the concerns of the liberal ferminist in the marxist ferminist theory? please can someone explain to me...
johanne Reply
theories of conflict: functionalism and Marxist.
Chano Reply
what is the sociology of education
Sthab Reply
Copied"The sociology of education is the study ofhow public institutions and individual experiences affect education and its outcomes. It is mostly concerned with the public schooling systems of modern industrial societies, including the expansion of higher, further, adult,and continuing education.
Yolanda
thanks
Sthab
Hey guys im new to this sociology journey how deep can this rabbit hole get ?
Shanel Reply
hie guys I'm new and I wanna know about society and sociology journey?
johanne
compare and contrast the concerns of the liberal ferminist in the marxist ferminist theory? please can someone explain to me....
johanne
tell me what crime is please
onoja Reply
refers to an unlawful act committed to an individual or state and is punishable
Noel
discuss any 3 ways in which schools may acts as agents of cultural transmission
Fiona Reply
what is difference between faith and superstition, when can we say that this belief and this superstition?
Ritu Reply
can a man with a height under 5 feet join the ias and pcs
lavkush Reply
yes u can appear for IAS EXAM with your height as 4feet 7 inches as there is no specification regarding physical requirement for IAS aspirants.
Ritu
yeah sure a man can also join pcs under 5 feet
Ritu
what is social morphology
Ritu Reply
guise I want a help ... could anyone can suggests me from where I can get previous years m.a entrance question paper of jnu
Ritu Reply
.Same here..
SHIVAM
Visit jnu campus ask at Xerox points or other uni also sell all types of entrance papers.
ABDullah
any site
Ritu
give me clear link
Ritu
well I don't hve links but media
ABDullah
of entrance papers
ABDullah
I mean what should I search .,..
Ritu
when are you giving your entrance exam? in 2021
ABDullah
nooooooo yrrrrr
Ritu
yet I have to given 2nd year exam in july
Ritu
masters second year?
ABDullah
or bachelor's?
ABDullah
bachelor
Ritu
same with me
ABDullah
if I get ma entrance paper I will notify you
ABDullah
I will also give jnu entrance maybe
ABDullah
I havd searched many times in website but I did not get
Ritu
yaa please ... i will be very thankfullto u
Ritu
👍
ABDullah
weber believe humans could not be studied purely objectively because we're influenced bye
ricardo Reply
This is the real challenge brother
Ritu
Objectivity is such a reason to see the facts in which we must first do it in order to observe ourselves in one's life.
Ritu
I think until we observe ourselves, we cannot see the world from objective point of view
Ritu
many things effects our approach of objectivity or subjectivity
Ritu
ok
ricardo
Objectivity is nothing more than this, we look at the facts as they are ... without being infused by other types of our own experiences, values, bias,
Ritu
ok
ricardo
that right ritu
onoja
what is concept?how can define concept
Ritu Reply
it is an expression or protasis which is abstract from actual experience which is aproximate means the same thing to all those familiar with it. for instance a house is a concept, we dont have to see it physically in order to know what someone means by it.
shrey
if I say in one line ..Concepts prove results
Ritu
concept is simply a general idea or thaught you build in your mind.
ABDullah
concept is simply a general idea or thought which humans relate to some Object Or thing
Zubair
no ..... in miner level u r right but when we talking about concepts ...it's build by universally acceptation.....like community,society,
Ritu
Concepts are valid everywhere .. everywhere one thing would be defined as an infinite
Ritu
do you want a sociological definition?
ABDullah
like society,community,class,institutions , committee,civilization,culture,caste etc.
Ritu
yes you are right✅
ABDullah
are u questioning
Ritu
? this is question mark
Ritu
what is social control
Anjali Reply
When we use the term ‘control’ the idea which generally comes to our mind is one of policemen, law courts, prison and laws of force.
ABDullah
the term social control is used by sociologists in a broad sense. Social control has been defined by MacIver as “the way in which entire social order and maintains itself—how it operates as a whole
ABDullah
Mannheim defines social control as “the sum of those methods by which a society tries to influence human behaviour to maintain a given order.”
ABDullah
Mannheim defines social control as “the sum of those methods by which a society tries to influence human behaviour to maintain a given order.”
ABDullah
what is descholing?
Ritu Reply
Deschooling, a term rooted in the beliefs of Ivan Illich, is the shift from a traditional, government-influenced institution of schooling to a less-restricted method of learning that focuses on being educated by one's natural curiosities.
ABDullah
Deschooling is the adjustment period a child goes through when leaving school and beginning homeschooling. To really get the benefits of homeschooling, a child has to decompress and disconnect from “school” being the default and “school ways” being the standard expectation.
ABDullah
Can you tell me in some more detail please
Ritu
YouTube · The Audiopedia 2:55 What is DESCHOOLING? What does DESCHOOLING mean? DESCHOOLING meaning, definition & explanation 16 नव॰ 2017
Deepak
check this
Deepak
ok
Ritu
thanks
Ritu
deschooling simply is the process of adjusting to the non-school environment of everyday life. people who believe in deschooling thinks or believe that a formal education system is counter-productive to the education of young people.
ABDullah
counter productive means it's not beneficiary for them rather they better learn and focus on their curiosity for learning not forcing themselves for school education
ABDullah
I hope it helped this is all I know😅
ABDullah
Wonderful ... now I understand ...
Ritu
that's good to know 😊
ABDullah
Emile durkehim theory on objectivity
Bukunmi Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Introduction to sociology 2e. OpenStax CNX. Jan 20, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11762/1.6
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