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Symbolic interactionist perspective

Those working in the symbolic interaction perspective take a microanalytical view of society. They focus on the way reality is socially constructed through day-to-day interaction and how society is composed of people communicating based on a shared understanding of symbols.

One important symbolic interactionist concept related to work and the economy is career inheritance    . This concept means simply that children tend to enter the same or similar occupation as their parents, which is a correlation that has been demonstrated in research studies (Antony 1998). For example, the children of police officers learn the norms and values that will help them succeed in law enforcement, and since they have a model career path to follow, they may find law enforcement even more attractive. Related to career inheritance is career socialization—learning the norms and values of a particular job.

Finally, a symbolic interactionist might study what contributes to job satisfaction. Melvin Kohn and his fellow researchers (1990) determined that workers were most likely to be happy when they believed they controlled some part of their work, when they felt they were part of the decision-making processes associated with their work, when they have freedom from surveillance, and when they felt integral to the outcome of their work. Sunyal, Sunyal, and Yasin (2011) found that a greater sense of vulnerability to stress, the more stress experienced by a worker, and a greater amount of perceived risk consistently predicted a lower worker job satisfaction.

Summary

Economy refers to the social institution through which a society’s resources (goods and services) are managed. The Agricultural Revolution led to development of the first economies that were based on trading goods. Mechanization of the manufacturing process led to the Industrial Revolution and gave rise to two major competing economic systems. Under capitalism, private owners invest their capital and that of others to produce goods and services they can sell in an open market. Prices and wages are set by supply and demand and competition. Under socialism, the means of production is commonly owned, and the economy is controlled centrally by government. Several countries’ economies exhibit a mix of both systems. Convergence theory seeks to explain the correlation between a country’s level of development and changes in its economic structure.

Short answer

Explain the difference between state socialism with central planning and market socialism.

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In what ways can capitalistic and socialistic economies converge?

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Describe the impact a rapidly growing economy can have on families.

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How do you think the United States economy will change as we move closer to a technology-driven service economy?

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Further research

Green jobs have the potential to improve not only your prospects of getting a good job, but the environment as well. To learn more about the green revolution in jobs go to (External Link)

One alternative to traditional capitalism is to have the workers own the company for which they work. To learn more about company-owned businesses check out: (External Link)

Questions & Answers

What is politic
sani Reply
the act of being sensible and judicious in circumstances
Packra
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Jafari
think why Nietzsche was so concerned about the loss of religion for society and weather God exists. what social function does religion perform which are so vital for society
tarawallie Reply
response of human illnesse in nigeria
Hassan Reply
Analyse the social responses to mental illness in Nigeria
Hassan
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Khadija Reply
different classical theories and neoclassical theories
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It is the scientific study of society
Muhmmad
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Sociology is the science of social institution
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pakhtoon
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Ajaz
Auguste Comte
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Sofi
ibn khaldun
sani
Auguse Cumte
saleh
What is collective behaviour?
Khalid
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aaron Reply
Search and find out biblical passage(s) which encourage Christian to engage in business enterprise.
Emmanuel Reply
why should a teacher study sociology
Owen Reply
The process of social change in the Caribbean society can not be analyzed using the major macro European paradigm as they ignore the carribean’s reality, to what extent is this statement true?
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Search and find out biblical passage(s) which encourage Christian to engage in business enterprise.
Emmanuel
yes
Muhmmad
What is the Caribbean society like?
Joseph
And what is this Caribbean reality being ignored?
Joseph
Where can a person with sociology certificates work
Enum Reply
What are the General Conception of Sociology
Maryam
What are the importance of medical sociology on health
Ha-ati Reply
I don't know
Matheus
What is subject matter of Sociology.
Zama Reply
hi
Joel
weakness of confluct
Falakhe Reply
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ali
what is Neo Marxist perspective?
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pakhtoon
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joshua
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Precious
yea...but social science
paul
how can education influence peoples culture.
Jones
correct the question
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correct the question
Muhmmad
how many types of questionnaire?
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distinguish between qualitative and quantitative nature of sociology scope.
Ajay Reply
how social structure influence our lives?
ali
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This is an interesting opinion. I think it influences our miracle and future
Thomas
The route is the goal
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Ali focus on social factors: Economics politics education religion family
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Source:  OpenStax, Introduction to sociology 2e. OpenStax CNX. Jan 20, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11762/1.6
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