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Technological social control and digital surveillance

Social scientists take the idea of the surveillance society so seriously that there is an entire journal devoted to its study, Surveillance and Society . The panoptic surveillance    envisioned by Jeremy Bentham, depicted in the form of an all-powerful, all-seeing government by George Orwell in 1984 , and later analyzed by Michel Foucault (1975) is increasingly realized in the form of technology used to monitor our every move. This surveillance was imagined as a form of constant monitoring in which the observation posts are decentralized and the observed is never communicated with directly. Today, digital security cameras capture our movements, observers can track us through our cell phones, and police forces around the world use facial-recognition software.

Feminist perspective

A thin female model is shown participating in New York’s fashion week.
What types of women are we exposed to in the media? Some would argue that the range of female images is misleadingly narrow. (Photo courtesy of Cliff1066/flickr)

Take a look at popular television shows, advertising campaigns, and online game sites. In most, women are portrayed in a particular set of parameters and tend to have a uniform look that society recognizes as attractive. Most are thin, white or light-skinned, beautiful, and young. Why does this matter? Feminist perspective theorists believe this idealized image is crucial in creating and reinforcing stereotypes. For example, Fox and Bailenson (2009) found that online female avatars conforming to gender stereotypes enhance negative attitudes toward women, and Brasted (2010) found that media (advertising in particular) promotes gender stereotypes. As early as 1990, Ms. magazine instituted a policy to publish without any commercial advertising.

The gender gap in tech-related fields (science, technology, engineering, and math) is no secret. A 2011 U.S. Department of Commerce Report suggested that gender stereotyping is one reason for this gap which acknowledges the bias toward men as keepers of technological knowledge (US Department of Commerce 2011). But gender stereotypes go far beyond the use of technology. Press coverage in the media reinforces stereotypes that subordinate women; it gives airtime to looks over skills, and coverage disparages women who defy accepted norms.

Recent research in new media has offered a mixed picture of its potential to equalize the status of men and women in the arenas of technology and public discourse. A European agency, the Advisory Committee on Equal Opportunities for Men and Women (2010), issued an opinion report suggesting that while there is the potential for new media forms to perpetuate gender stereotypes and the gender gap in technology and media access, at the same time new media could offer alternative forums for feminist groups and the exchange of feminist ideas. Still, the committee warned against the relatively unregulated environment of new media and the potential for antifeminist activities, from pornography to human trafficking, to flourish there.

Questions & Answers

what are the types of social stratification?
UFUOMA Reply
stratification types are deferent from society to society some societies stratified people according to wealth according to caste system and some societies stratified there people according to profession
Ismail
which scholar is best in sociology , and his contribution in the development of sociology.
yaqin
Durkheim
sani
what is sociology of education
Joe Reply
sociology of education mean how public institution and individual experience effect the education and its outcome. it is mostly concerned with public education and scholing system in industrial society
Ahsan
what is psycology educational?
Jamila
if a lady is all decked up standing on a lonely street at night what will be the sociologist point of view
kg Reply
according to my opinion she never dresses up even when she goes to the opera
Lone
who is founding fathers of sociology
USMAN Reply
Augusto Comte
kenny
Waliyudeen abu zaid Abdurrahman Bin Khalidun(1332-1906)
Teslim
August Comete is the father of Sociology
Ajay Reply
why do we study sociology
Chipo Reply
because to understand social life,and to help in overcoming or solves social issues
yaqin
heloo
Tare
What makes Auguste Comte as the chief positivist?
azibator Reply
what is the relationship between social theory too psychology and sociology?
Tammy Reply
what is the relationship between sociology, psychology and social policy
Tammy
in brief what is sociology
Mdu Reply
functioning of human society, fundamental laws for social relation ==l
frd
study of social interaction.
SHITAL
where do sociologist work
ODIASE
what is sociology
Edward
sociology
Edward
what is culture
ummi Reply
The arts,customs and habits that characterize a particular society
Saminu
what is the relationship between sociology, psychology and social theory?
Tammy Reply
both are social sciences
James
all contributed to human being
James
is sociology involved with philosophy?
Laura Reply
hello
frd
hi
idrissa
Hello, what's for the evening?
chali
Hi
Muhammad
hii
Victoria
hii
Lone
how are you
Victoria
hi
nabindra
hi
John
hi what
pakhtoon
what do you mean byy socilalogy
Sangam Reply
what are conjugal roles
Alen Reply
what is culture?
Solo Reply
Everything related to a particular society is culture ,, like customs, beliefs, ideas, art , literature etc
SHITAL
It refers to group's shared practises,values and beliefs .
Chipo
in short, culture is the behaviour of the society.
Vasis
culture is that complex which includes knowledge belief art morals laws customs traditions and any other capability acquired by man as a member of a society
latif
culture is a form ofcivilization of a certain race.
Alen
cultural means what we are
Ali
culture is the totality way of life. its is expressed through our practices, beliefs, arts, language, and the way we form up our social world.
Rashid

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Source:  OpenStax, Introduction to sociology 2e. OpenStax CNX. Jan 20, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11762/1.6
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