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When changes occurred in the social and economic climate of the United States during World War II, changes in the family structure also occurred. Many women had to assume the role of breadwinner (or modern hunter-gatherer) alongside their domestic role in order to stabilize a rapidly changing society. When the men returned from war and wanted to reclaim their jobs, society fell back into a state of imbalance, as many women did not want to forfeit their wage-earning positions (Hawke 2007).

Conflict theory

According to conflict theory, society is a struggle for dominance among social groups (like women versus men) that compete for scarce resources. When sociologists examine gender from this perspective, we can view men as the dominant group and women as the subordinate group. According to conflict theory, social problems are created when dominant groups exploit or oppress subordinate groups. Consider the Women’s Suffrage Movement or the debate over women’s “right to choose” their reproductive futures. It is difficult for women to rise above men, as dominant group members create the rules for success and opportunity in society (Farrington and Chertok 1993).

Friedrich Engels, a German sociologist, studied family structure and gender roles. Engels suggested that the same owner-worker relationship seen in the labor force is also seen in the household, with women assuming the role of the proletariat. This is due to women’s dependence on men for the attainment of wages, which is even worse for women who are entirely dependent upon their spouses for economic support. Contemporary conflict theorists suggest that when women become wage earners, they can gain power in the family structure and create more democratic arrangements in the home, although they may still carry the majority of the domestic burden, as noted earlier (Rismanand and Johnson-Sumerford 1998).

Feminist theory

Feminist theory is a type of conflict theory that examines inequalities in gender-related issues. It uses the conflict approach to examine the maintenance of gender roles and inequalities. Radical feminism, in particular, considers the role of the family in perpetuating male dominance. In patriarchal societies, men’s contributions are seen as more valuable than those of women. Patriarchal perspectives and arrangements are widespread and taken for granted. As a result, women’s viewpoints tend to be silenced or marginalized to the point of being discredited or considered invalid.

Sanday’s study of the Indonesian Minangkabau (2004) revealed that in societies some consider to be matriarchies (where women comprise the dominant group), women and men tend to work cooperatively rather than competitively regardless of whether a job is considered feminine by U.S. standards. The men, however, do not experience the sense of bifurcated consciousness under this social structure that modern U.S. females encounter (Sanday 2004).

Symbolic interactionism

Symbolic interactionism aims to understand human behavior by analyzing the critical role of symbols in human interaction. This is certainly relevant to the discussion of masculinity and femininity. Imagine that you walk into a bank hoping to get a small loan for school, a home, or a small business venture. If you meet with a male loan officer, you may state your case logically by listing all the hard numbers that make you a qualified applicant as a means of appealing to the analytical characteristics associated with masculinity. If you meet with a female loan officer, you may make an emotional appeal by stating your good intentions as a means of appealing to the caring characteristics associated with femininity.

Questions & Answers

why is sociology a science
Joseph Reply
Because its study human individual, group and the society
Baba
b/c the subject matter of sociology is the behavior of human being and society ...and sociology studies these under sceintific method ...empiricaly and clearly...it include all scientific method in its every study level...... 1.observation 2.research or literature reveiw 3.hypothesis 4.testing 5.th
Ayaz
5.theory sociology solve every problem with the help of above methods ...and it is clear that subject which solve any problem by such method is science..
Ayaz
it is a systematically study of human behaviour. sociology is a science bcoz it search the fact behind the behaviour.
derhagwara
socialogy as prospective? explain.
Natasha Reply
sorry i dont know you explain plz
Tariq
I think it is about sociologist view I just want to confirm it
Natasha
Negative impact of family in the Society
Bode Reply
when the family does not pamper their offspring properly it badly effects the society....with my piont of veiw....
Ayaz
can you give me answers please
Bode
negative impact the way people treat badly 😔 with other people
Natasha
HAY so [her sisters medical ROBOT ASSASSIN TOY digital twins tri following ahead freed screens per picosecond Forrester quit quick enough question
Matthew Reply
who is the founder of sociology
Amartey Reply
august comte
Salina
how does the French revolution contribute to the emergence of sociology?
Amartey
sorry I don't know about this
Salina
french sociologist established two theories about the emergence of sociology.1.empiricism 2.positivism
Ayaz
founder is Allama ibn khaldum
Aj
how to identify variables
Paula Reply
there are two kind of variables dependent and independent u can't identify it u just take if it causes some changes in the phenomenon or not.
Atal
What is social anthropology
Muhammad Reply
what is the ralationship b/w socoilogy and anthrapology?
Fawad Reply
what is mobility
Nanlop Reply
the ability to move between different level in society or employment
Salina
Explain different prsfctives of sociology..
Naseer
It includes structural mobility(in between classes) as well as geographical mobility(migration)
Atal
Bega khu bl msg n post kedo
Salina
sanga.
Naseer
his snga na
Salina
msg na post kido
Naseer
awoo kna
Salina
Da wale sa chall o pke.
Naseer
the symbolic interactionist perspective,functionalist and conflict
Salina
pta na lge nu ma try kola khu na kedo
Salina
av kna ma hm dera try ukra kho msg na post kido
Naseer
hhhh lga taso wli try kola ?
Salina
hase msg hm kawo khob na ratlo
Naseer
kha kha z khu darik bya oda shwe oma che na kedo
Salina
mala kho khob na ratlo pa 4bje oda shwy oma.
Naseer
chu chu shukordy
Salina
lga taso bega s soch kaw che da ma akhir chat chasr kaw sok oo ...lga che snga bae dase lga?
Salina
av knna
Naseer
khaaa
Salina
hlw
sohel
Hes pata rata na lge av na me sa soch kry o kho ma wl bs hase yw group o msg me pke wka
Naseer
kha saeda
Salina
av kana
Naseer
hmm
Salina
monz
Naseer
koma baba sahr m na o kry os b okm lg time baad
Salina
sahar wle
Naseer
Na om poha shwe oda oma
Salina
kha bia tk
Naseer
Da language na khu da dir na lgae
Salina
hga sanga
Naseer
Ma we k dir side language lg change v
Salina
nana g da dir yama
Naseer
kha saeda
Salina
ok monx kuma.see u
Naseer
Dont make this a chat room... it's irritating to see such pathetic discussions again and again
Trending
ok
Salina
relationships of sociology
khanirshad Reply
social relationship
Natasha
what are the important of sociology
Abdul Reply
to know about the society and the world
Natasha
to discover trends in society or gain knowledge, to identify social problems and solve them and to predict the consequnces
Atal
What does functional least consider when studying a phenomenon like the occupy Wall Street movement?
Bih Reply
relevance of sociology to nursing
Ojeh Reply
I didn't understood the meaning of your question
Natasha
What is the role of symbolic perspective in family
hafsa Reply
to facinitate the world
Natasha
how ?
Aj
as it tells all about the world and society
Natasha
ok
Gyabaa
can you explain it please
Aj
What is ethnocentrism
Gyabaa
what is the role of jirga in conflict resolution?
Aj
I think it means evaluation of the culture
Natasha
Judging other peoples culture
Gyabaa
mr.khan I don't know
Natasha
yaa
Natasha
Ethnocentrism and cultural xenophobia are merely tools used by illogical people to sway public opinion to achieve political aims.
Aj
what are you both doing
Natasha
any one who till me about the jirga system
Aj
I don't know
Natasha
natasha how much you studied sociology
Aj
i mean Bs or M phil etc
Aj
it's my first year of studying it
Natasha
oh i am also studying at 1st year
Aj
I am doing ba and u
Natasha
Bs
Aj
where are you from?
Aj
ohh good
Natasha
I am from Lucknow
Natasha
India
Aj
I am doing nothing
Aamir
do something
Aj
yes from India
Natasha
Jirga is culturally approved system of conflict resolution. It is common in Pukhtoon society. people resolve disputes through Jirga such as murder, land disputes, adultery, etc
Waqar
what ever you like or want to do
Aj
hello
Geeby
Jirga consists of Jirga panel (community elders and influencing bodies such Khans Malaks and religious leaders.
Waqar
thank you waqar bor
Aj
sorry bro
Aj
so natasha than you will speak urdu language if so lets talk in urdu
Aj
Aj Khan no problem brother
Waqar
waqar bhai aap kaha se taloq rakte ho?
Aj
Swat se.
Waqar
I don't know English language correctly but I ll try to speak . ..help me Aj
Salina
bia ho land e mng ta za da sakhakot ym malakand
Aj
how can i help you salina
Aj
speaking english
Salina
bs karo kuch mujy seekna hai
Salina
ohhhh pushtu ml hum razeeee
Salina
ooo Aj pushtu language drzee?
Salina
Sakha kot. good. Salina wayee MA la hum pushto razi.
Waqar
za shukordy pushtu speakr melo shu os b rt easy e questions kolo k...z psycology kom nu sociology subject hum dy pki 1st samester medy
Salina
Basic sizona ba v. laka monga Che Sociology kawala no social psychology wa pake
Waqar
Aw bilkul bs os b taso zumung help kawae kna
Salina
Da Aj khan wali reply na kae
Salina
wale na. za busy Yam da wraze ka time v no khamakha ba help kawao. ka zamong pre uboor v.
Waqar
saeda thnku so mch
Salina
waqar ahmad taso teacher ye ?
Hasnat
yes Hasanat khan.
Waqar
new students u mung la lag time rakawai g
Hasnat
hillo
Naseer
HellO
Shahab
hello na bs os da oda kedo time dy naseer
Salina
Na g da wkhta dy da time da oda kido na dy
Naseer
wali n hasnat full time wahla khu za hum new ym khirdy
Salina
wali n hasnat full time wahla khu za hum new ym khirdy
Salina
Masara Om Help Kawai g Da B.S Sociology Ist Samister New Stud ym
Shahab
hhhahh wali ta d km zae na ee? dlta mungkr khu shpa da
Salina
taso da kom zai yai.
Naseer
za d swabi
Salina
Is there anybody who help me in understanding the differinces b/w society and community?
Ayaz
tik da mong da upper dir u university of malakand na bs kawo
Naseer
salina taso kam uni ki ye ?
Hasnat
G mungta pta neshty ayaz sahib aw teacher b os oda shwy e saba kakhiriii d oka question bya da fun time dy
Salina
za ..wus kota campus
Salina
salina sipra tso sa kwai mtlb education
Naseer
saeda naseer khu hlta b hum shpa ve
Salina
salina sipra tso sa kwai mtlb education
Naseer
za psychology kom 1st semester medy
Salina
da kam uni na.
Naseer
its ok salina sipra ....ma v chrta teacher hum active da....extremly sorry for distrbance.....
Ayaz
no no I m very sorryyy ma ase mazaq koo so sorry plz khfa na shae
Salina
Society is a group of people with a common territory and culture, interacting with one another while community is a group of people living in the same place or having a particular characteristic in common
Hasnat
ayaz allai sorry taso ma khfa kegae
Salina
its ok no matter.....
Ayaz
oda shai
Naseer
tnx alot hsnat for help......
Ayaz
taso oda shae z khu wekha yma zka zma sba kakhiriii chute da
Salina
zama hm chote da kho ma wal ka taso la khob drgly e
Naseer
hsnat khu sm laiq dy.. khirdy zba hum bya answer drkommm
Salina
Na na z wekha yma la taso oda shae toll
Salina
sociology zamong field na dy salina sipra mong ba tso na help akhloo
Naseer
na g mong la khob na raze
Naseer
khirdy kna nu wa yuuuu ...resha taso s kawae mean education sa dy
Salina
zma g Bs mathematic dy 3rd smester.
Naseer
bs khada kna bya ko khbre che z lga bzy yma che YouTube side t nzm bya dramas gurm
Salina
uffff ALLAH I hate maths
Salina
na g chatt kwai khob la raze de time ke
Naseer
hhhh i love math
Naseer
poha nshum chat saa?
Salina
mtlb msg
Naseer
anu bya khuba taso sm boring boring yae nuu che ..love maths ..staso khuba sm sr khugege p maths.. zma result hamesha p maths b khrab o ..shukordy os BS ke t khlasa shuma
Salina
wale staso math nshta math ho pa har yw field ke ei .
Naseer
Na na statistics shty khu lga bya hum farq pki ve kna
Salina
alakano Ap da sociology dy ao taso pky akhfl information share kavy
Aamir
Explain the various historical factors that deform the origin and development of sociology as an academic discipline
Vivian Reply
there are two factors general and intellectual. under general- French and American Revolution, Enlightenment, Industrial revolution
Atal
Under intellectual we can say abt enlightenment and further devt . in various countries by respective sociologist like Comte Spencer marx Durkheim Weber pareto
Atal

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Source:  OpenStax, Introduction to sociology 2e. OpenStax CNX. Jan 20, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11762/1.6
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