Sociology 11 Race and Ethnicity MCQ


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This photo is of a city with large high rises in the background and a slum in the foreground.
Contemporary economic development often follows a similar pattern around the world, best described as a growing gap between the have and have-nots. (Photo courtesy of Alicia Nijdam/Wikimedia Commons)

The April 24, 2013 collapse of the Rana Plaza in Dhaka, Bangladesh that killed over 1,100 people, was the deadliest garment factory accident in history, and it was preventable (International Labour Organization, Department of Communication 2014).

In addition to garment factories employing about 5,000 people, the building contained a bank, apartments, childcare facilities, and a variety of shops. Many of these closed the day before the collapse when cracks were discovered in the building walls. When some of the garment workers refused to enter the building, they were threatened with the loss of a month’s pay. Most were young women, aged twenty or younger. They typically worked over thirteen hours a day, with two days off each month. For this work, they took home between twelve and twenty-two cents an hour, or $10.56 to $12.48 a week. Without that pay, most would have been unable to feed their children. In contrast, the U.S. federal minimum wage is $7.25 an hour, and workers receive wages at time-and-a-half rates for work in excess of forty hours a week.

Did you buy clothes from Walmart in 2012? What about at The Children’s Place? Did you ever think about where those clothes came from? Of the outsourced garments made in the garment factories, thirty-two were intended for U.S, Canadian, and European stores. In the aftermath of the collapse, it was revealed that Walmart jeans were made in the Ether Tex garment factory on the fifth floor of the Rana Plaza building, while 120,000 pounds of clothing for The Children’s Place were produced in the New Wave Style Factory, also located in the building. Afterward, Walmart and The Children’s Place pledged $1 million and $450,000 (respectively) to the Rana Plaza Trust Fund, but fifteen other companies with clothing made in the building have contributed nothing, including U.S. companies Cato and J.C. Penney (Institute for Global Labour and Human Rights 2014).

While you read this chapter, think about the global system that allows U.S. companies to outsource their manufacturing to peripheral nations, where many women and children work in conditions that some characterize as slave labor. Do people in the United States have a responsibility to foreign workers? Should U.S. corporations be held accountable for what happens to garment factory workers who make their clothing? What can you do as a consumer to help such workers?


Butler, Sarah. 2013. “Bangladeshi Factory Deaths Spark Action among High-Street Clothing Chains.” The Guardian . Retrieved November 7, 2014 (

Institute for Global Labour and Human Rights. 2014. "Rana Plaza: A Look Back and Forward." Global Labour Rights . Retrieved November 7, 2014 (

International Labour Organization, Department of Communication. 2014. "Post Rana Plaza: A Vision for the Future." Working Conditions: International Labour Organization . Retreived November 7, 2014 (

Korzeniewicz, Robert, and Timothy Patrick Moran. 2009. Unveiling Inequality: A World Historical Perspective . New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

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Sociology 11 Race and Ethnicity MCQ
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Sample Questions from the Sociology 11 Race and Ethnicity MCQ Quiz

Question: Which of the following is the best explanation of racism as a social fact?


It needs to be eradicated by laws.

It is like a magic pill.

It does not need the actions of individuals to continue.

None of the above

Question: The racial term "African American" can refer to:


a black person living in America

people whose ancestors came to America through the slave trade

a white person who originated in Africa and now lives in the United States

any of the above

Question: Speedy Gonzalez is an example of:


intersection theory


interactionist view

culture of prejudice

Question: As a Caucasian in the United States, being reasonably sure that you will be dealing with authority figures of the same race as you is a result of:


intersection theory

conflict theory

white privilege

scapegoating theory

Question: Stereotypes can be based on:





all of the above

Question: Ethnicity describes shared:





any of the above

Question: Which of the following is an example of a numerical majority being treated as a subordinate group?


Jewish people in Germany

Creoles in New Orleans

White people in Brazil

Blacks under Apartheid in South Africa

Question: What is the one defining feature of a minority group?



Numerical minority

Lack of power

Strong cultural identity

Question: What is discrimination?


Biased thoughts against an individual or group

Biased actions against an individual or group

Belief that a race different from yours is inferior

Another word for stereotyping

Question: Which intergroup relation displays the least tolerance?






Question: Scapegoat theory shows that:


subordinate groups blame dominant groups for their problems

dominant groups blame subordinate groups for their problems

some people are predisposed to prejudice

all of the above

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