Sociology 08 Media and Technology MCQ


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Photo of a sign for a medical marijuana dispensary showing that the business is open
Washington is one of several states where marijuana use has been legalized, decriminalized, or approved for medical use. (Photo courtesy of Dominic Simpson/flickr)

Twenty-three states in the United States have passed measures legalizing marijuana in some form; the majority of these states approve only medical use of marijuana, but fourteen states have decriminalized marijuana use, and four states approve recreational use as well. Washington state legalized recreational use in 2012, and in the 2014 midterm elections, voters in Alaska, Oregon, and Washington DC supported ballot measures to allow recreational use in their states as well (Governing 2014). Florida’s 2014 medical marijuana proposal fell just short of the 60 percent needed to pass (CBS News 2014).

The Pew Research Center found that a majority of people in the United States (52 percent) now favor legalizing marijuana. This 2013 finding was the first time that a majority of survey respondents supported making marijuana legal. A question about marijuana’s legal status was first asked in a 1969 Gallup poll, and only 12 percent of U.S. adults favored legalization at that time. Pew also found that 76 percent of those surveyed currently do not favor jail time for individuals convicted of minor possession of marijuana (Motel 2014).

Even though many people favor legalization, 45 percent do not agree (Motel 2014). Legalization of marijuana in any form remains controversial and is actively opposed; Citizen’s Against Legalizing Marijuana (CALM) is one of the largest political action committees (PACs) working to prevent or repeal legalization measures. As in many aspects of sociology, there are no absolute answers about deviance. What people agree is deviant differs in various societies and subcultures, and it may change over time.

Tattoos, vegan lifestyles, single parenthood, breast implants, and even jogging were once considered deviant but are now widely accepted. The change process usually takes some time and may be accompanied by significant disagreement, especially for social norms that are viewed as essential. For example, divorce affects the social institution of family, and so divorce carried a deviant and stigmatized status at one time. Marijuana use was once seen as deviant and criminal, but U.S. social norms on this issue are changing.


CBS News. 2014. “Marijuana Advocates Eye New Targets After Election Wins.” Associated Press, November 5. Retrieved November 5, 2014 ( (External Link) ).

Governing. 2014. “Governing Data: State Marijuana Laws Map.” Governing: The States and Localities, November 5. Retrieved November 5, 2014 ( (External Link) ).

Pew Research Center. 2013. “Partisans Disagree on Legalization of Marijuana, but Agree on Law Enforcement Policies.” Pew Research Center, April 30. Retrieved November 2, 2014 ( (External Link) ).

Motel, Seth. 2014. “6 Facts About Marijuana.” Pew Research Center: FactTank: News in the Numbers, November 5. Retrieved ( (External Link) ).

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Sociology 08 Media and Technology MCQ
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Sample Questions from the Sociology 08 Media and Technology MCQ Quiz

Question: If the U.S. Patent Office were to issue a patent for a new type of tomato that tastes like a jellybean, it would be issuing a _________ patent?


utility patent

plant patent

design patent

The U.S. Patent Office does not issue a patent for plants.

Question: The history of technology began _________.


in the early stages of human societies

with the invention of the computer

during the Renaissance

during the 19th century

Question: Research regarding video game violence suggests that _________.


boys who play violent video games become more aggressive, but girls do not

girls who play violent video games become more aggressive, but boys do not

violent video games have no connection to aggressive behavior

violent video games lead to an increase in aggressive thought and behavior

Question: Jerome is able to use the internet to select reliable sources for his research paper, but Charlie just copies large pieces of web pages and pastes them into his paper. Jerome has _____________ while Charlie does not.


a functional perspective

the knowledge gap


a digital divide

Question: Which of the following is not a form of new media?


The cable television program Dexter



A cooking blog written by Rachel Ray

Question: When it comes to technology, media, and society, which of the following is true?


Media influences technology, but not society.

Technology created media, but society has nothing to do with these.

Technology, media, and society are bound and cannot be separated.

Society influences media but is not connected to technology.

Question: The fact that your cell phone is using outdated technology within a year or two of purchase is an example of ____________.


the conflict perspective

conspicuous consumption


planned obsolescence

Question: Which of the following is the primary component of the evolutionary model of technological change?


Technology should not be subject to patenting.

Technology and the media evolve together.

Technology can be traced back to the early stages of human society.

A breakthrough in one form of technology leads to a number of variations, and technological developments.

Question: When Japanese scientists develop a new vaccine for swine flu and offer that technology to American pharmaceutical companies, __________ has taken place.


media globalization

technological diffusion


planned obsolescence

Question: The ________ can be directly attributed to the digital divide, because differential ability to access the internet leads directly to a differential ability to use the knowledge found on the internet.


digital divide

knowledge gap

feminist perspective


Question: Comic books, Wikipedia, MTV, and a commercial for Coca-Cola are all examples of:



symbolic interaction perspective


the digital divide

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