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Chapter 0: Introduction to sociology 2e

Preface Read Online

About openstax

OpenStax is a non-profit organization committed to improving student access to quality learning materials. Our free textbooks are developed and peer-reviewed by educators to ensure they are readable, accurate, and meet the scope and sequence requirements of modern college courses. Unlike traditional textbooks, OpenStax resources live online and are owned by the community of educators using them. Through our partnerships with companies and foundations committed to reducing costs for students, OpenStax is working to improve access to higher education for all. OpenStax is an initiative of Rice University and is made possible through the generous support of several philanthropic foundations.

About this book

Welcome to Introduction to Sociology 2e , an OpenStax resource created with several goals in mind: accessibility, affordability, customization, and student engagement—all while encouraging learners toward high levels of learning. Instructors and students alike will find that this textbook offers a strong foundation in sociology. It is available for free online and in low-cost print and e-book editions.

To broaden access and encourage community curation, Introduction to Sociology 2e is “open source” licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license. Everyone is invited to submit examples, emerging research, and other feedback to enhance and strengthen the material and keep it current and relevant for today’s students. You can make suggestions by contacting us at

To the student

This book is written for you and is based on the teaching and research experience of numerous sociologists. In today’s global socially networked world, the topic of sociology is more relevant than ever before. We hope that through this book, you will learn how simple, everyday human actions and interactions can change the world. In this book, you will find applications of sociology concepts that are relevant, current, and balanced.

To the instructor

This text is intended for a one-semester introductory course. Since current events influence our social perspectives and the field of sociology in general, OpenStax encourages instructors to keep this book fresh by sending in your up-to-date examples to so that students and instructors around the country can relate and engage in fruitful discussions.

General approach

Introduction to Sociology 2e adheres to the scope and sequence of a typical introductory sociology course. In addition to comprehensive coverage of core concepts, foundational scholars, and emerging theories we have incorporated section reviews with engaging questions, discussions that help students apply the sociological imagination, and features that draw learners into the discipline in meaningful ways. Although this text can be modified and reorganized to suit your needs, the standard version is organized so that topics are introduced conceptually, with relevant, everyday experiences.

Changes to the second edition

Part of the mission of the second edition update was to ensure the research, examples and concepts used in this textbook are current and relevant to today’s student. To this end, we have rewritten the introduction of each chapter to reflect the latest developments in sociology, history and global culture. In addition to new graphs and images, the reader of the second edition will find new feature boxes on a diverse array of topics, which has been one of the goals of the update—bringing the world into greater focus through case studies on global culture.

Exam PDF eBook: 
Social Work midterm
Download Social Work Exam PDF eBook
67 Pages
English US
Educational Materials

Sample Questions from the Social Work midterm Exam

Question: This concept builds on systems theory, focusing on the interaction of client systems and the larger environmental context. The focus is on what happens between people and the environment.


Strengths perspective

Ecological systems framework


Biological systems

Question: Social work aims to help whom?



The poor

The vulnerable

All of the above

Question: Which women played an important role in the early history of social work?


Carol Lunxford

Jane Adams

Mary Rolette

Mary Richmond

Both B and D

Question: True or false. Social work is the most common health profession in the world.




Question: Changing the environment so that it works better for an individual would be called


Micro practice

Person in environment perspective

Diversity perspective

Macro practice

Question: Why is social work unique?


It helps all people.

Helps the society work better for the person and the person function better in society.

Less racism.

Provides benefits for the poor.

Question: Was the Hull house more micro or more macro?




Question: The focus on both the individual and his or her social setting is a central tenet of social work practice, known as the


Person-in-environment perspective

Social welfare system

General systems theory

Elizabethan poor laws

Question: explains how elements work together to make up an identifiable whole. Social workers are most interested in social systems, the interactions among people that make up society. The theory suggests that many different This theory explains how elements (family, friends, school environment, social service programs, etc.) make up the pieces that shape a person's life. To effectively intervene with an individual we need to look at all the separate parts that make up the whole system.


Person-in-environment perspectice

Personality perspectice

Systems network

General systems theory

Question: How can we separate social work?


Macro and micro practice

Bachelors degree

Masters degree

Question: Helping someone fit better within their community would be an example of


Social services

Macro practice

Human services

Micro practice

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