Start FlashCards Download PDF Learn

Get Jobilize Job Search Mobile App in your pocket Now!

Get it on Google Play Download on the App Store Now

Blood pressure

This photo shows a nurse taking a woman’s blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. The nurse is pumping the cuff with her right hand and holding a stethoscope on the patient’s arm with her left hand.
A proficiency in anatomy and physiology is fundamental to any career in the health professions. (credit: Bryan Mason/flickr)

Chapter objectives

After studying this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Distinguish between anatomy and physiology, and identify several branches of each
  • Describe the structure of the body, from simplest to most complex, in terms of the six levels of organization
  • Identify the functional characteristics of human life
  • Identify the four requirements for human survival
  • Define homeostasis and explain its importance to normal human functioning
  • Use appropriate anatomical terminology to identify key body structures, body regions, and directions in the body
  • Compare and contrast at least four medical imagining techniques in terms of their function and use in medicine

Though you may approach a course in anatomy and physiology strictly as a requirement for your field of study, the knowledge you gain in this course will serve you well in many aspects of your life. An understanding of anatomy and physiology is not only fundamental to any career in the health professions, but it can also benefit your own health. Familiarity with the human body can help you make healthful choices and prompt you to take appropriate action when signs of illness arise. Your knowledge in this field will help you understand news about nutrition, medications, medical devices, and procedures and help you understand genetic or infectious diseases. At some point, everyone will have a problem with some aspect of his or her body and your knowledge can help you to be a better parent, spouse, partner, friend, colleague, or caregiver.

This chapter begins with an overview of anatomy and physiology and a preview of the body regions and functions. It then covers the characteristics of life and how the body works to maintain stable conditions. It introduces a set of standard terms for body structures and for planes and positions in the body that will serve as a foundation for more comprehensive information covered later in the text. It ends with examples of medical imaging used to see inside the living body.

Exam PDF eBook: 
Dairy Cattle Evaluation Exam
Download Dairy Exam PDF eBook
335 Pages
English US
Educational Materials

Sample Questions from the Dairy Cattle Evaluation Exam Exam

Question: What percentage of whole milk is fat when compared on a dry matter basis?


About 10 percent

About 50 percent

About 25 percent

Exactly 100 percent

Question: What does NMPF stand for?


Northern Milk Producers Formulation

New Mexico Producers Funding

National Milk Producers Federation

National Milk Protein Foundation

Question: What is the FAS?


Finland Agriculture Service

Final Agriculture Service

Foreign Agriculture Service

Food and Agriculture Service

Question: In a study of milk parlors conducted by researchers at the University of Florida, how did parallels perform she compared to herringbones?


Parallels were 50% slower

Parallels out performed herringbones by nearly 8 percent

They performed the same

Herringbones out performed parallels by nearly 8 percent

Question: What does NFO stand for?


National Feed Organization

National Farmers Order

National Farmers Organization

National Food Organization

Question: What does NFDM stand for?


Nonfat Dry Milk

New Federal Dairy Mandate

Nonfat Dairy Milk

National Forum of Dairy Milkers

Question: What is the CCC?


Caring Cats Corporation

Commodity Credit Corporation

Cow Chemistry Center

Crazy Cow Corporation

Question: What is the BFP?


Basic Formula Preparation

Basic Formula Price

Basic Foundation Price

Butter Fat Price

Question: What is GATT?


General Alien Tariff and Trade

General Agricultural Tariffs and Trades

General Agreement on Trades and Tariffs

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

Question: What is the USDEC?


United Stated Dairy Export Corporation

United States Dairy Export Center

United States Dairy Export Company

United Stated Dairy Export Council

Question: When using a body condition scoring system of 1 to 5, what does a score of 5 mean?


Extremely thin

Average body condition

Extremely fat

Below average body condition

Start FlashCards Download PDF Learn
Copy and paste the following HTML code into your website or blog.
<iframe src="" width="600" height="600" frameborder="0" marginwidth="0" marginheight="0" scrolling="yes" style="border:1px solid #CCC; border-width:1px 1px 0; margin-bottom:5px" allowfullscreen webkitallowfullscreen mozallowfullscreen> </iframe>