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Blood pressure

This photo shows a nurse taking a woman’s blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. The nurse is pumping the cuff with her right hand and holding a stethoscope on the patient’s arm with her left hand.
A proficiency in anatomy and physiology is fundamental to any career in the health professions. (credit: Bryan Mason/flickr)

Chapter objectives

After studying this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Distinguish between anatomy and physiology, and identify several branches of each
  • Describe the structure of the body, from simplest to most complex, in terms of the six levels of organization
  • Identify the functional characteristics of human life
  • Identify the four requirements for human survival
  • Define homeostasis and explain its importance to normal human functioning
  • Use appropriate anatomical terminology to identify key body structures, body regions, and directions in the body
  • Compare and contrast at least four medical imagining techniques in terms of their function and use in medicine

Though you may approach a course in anatomy and physiology strictly as a requirement for your field of study, the knowledge you gain in this course will serve you well in many aspects of your life. An understanding of anatomy and physiology is not only fundamental to any career in the health professions, but it can also benefit your own health. Familiarity with the human body can help you make healthful choices and prompt you to take appropriate action when signs of illness arise. Your knowledge in this field will help you understand news about nutrition, medications, medical devices, and procedures and help you understand genetic or infectious diseases. At some point, everyone will have a problem with some aspect of his or her body and your knowledge can help you to be a better parent, spouse, partner, friend, colleague, or caregiver.

This chapter begins with an overview of anatomy and physiology and a preview of the body regions and functions. It then covers the characteristics of life and how the body works to maintain stable conditions. It introduces a set of standard terms for body structures and for planes and positions in the body that will serve as a foundation for more comprehensive information covered later in the text. It ends with examples of medical imaging used to see inside the living body.

Exam PDF eBook: 
BOD - DERMATOLOGY -
Download BOD - Exam PDF eBook
20 Pages
2014
English US
Educational Materials



Sample Questions from the BOD - DERMATOLOGY - Exam

Question: Which of the following is the term describing irreversible destruction of the hair follicle wall?

Choices:

Folliculitis

Furunculosis

Perifolliculitis

Alopecia

Pyoderma

Question: In discoid and systemic lupus , what layer is attacked?

Choices:

Stratum Basale

Stratum Spinosum

Stratum Corneum

dermis

Subcutis

Question: What does the term acanthosis mean?

Choices:

too much stratum corneum

too much stratum basale

too much stratum spinosum

too little stratum corneum

too little stratum spinosum

Question: What is the term used to describe single cell necrosis?

Choices:

Acantholytic cell

Pemphigus foliaceous

Systemic Lupus

Sebaceous adenitis

Dyskeratosis

Question: Dog presents with hives , edema from a ______________ hypersensitivity reaction. The mechanism involves binding of antigen to IgE, and then the complexes bind to mast cells, which degranulate increasing vascular permeability.

Choices:

Type I

Type II

Type III

Type IV

Type V

Question: If animal is suspected of having an autoimmune disease , is it appropriate to give autoimmune drugs for treatment ?

Choices:

Yes

No

Question: Which of the following is defined as partial thickness loss of epithelium?

Choices:

Ulcer

Vesicle

Pustule

Scab

Erosion

Question: Which layer of the epidermis contains the immunologic Langerhan cells?

Choices:

Stratum Basale

Stratum Spinosum

Stratum Corneum

Langerhan cells are located in the dermis

Langerhans cells are located in the sub cutaneous layer

Question: Which of the following is a common cause of folliculitis?

Choices:

Demodex

Bacteria

Dermatophytes

All of the above

Question: Which layer is attacked by antibodies in Pemphigus foliaceous?

Choices:

Stratum Basale

Stratum Spinosum

Stratum Corneum

Dermis

Subcutis

Question: What is the definition of acantholytic cells?

Choices:

keratinocytes that come together

keratinocytes that are proliferating

keratinocytes that are separated from each other

keratinocytes that are undergoing apoptosis

keratinocytes that form an ulcer

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Lakeima Roberts
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