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Creative intelligence is marked by inventing or imagining a solution to a problem or situation. Creativity in this realm can include finding a novel solution to an unexpected problem or producing a beautiful work of art or a well-developed short story. Imagine for a moment that you are camping in the woods with some friends and realize that you’ve forgotten your camp coffee pot. The person in your group who figures out a way to successfully brew coffee for everyone would be credited as having higher creative intelligence.

Multiple Intelligences Theory    was developed by Howard Gardner, a Harvard psychologist and former student of Erik Erikson. Gardner’s theory, which has been refined for more than 30 years, is a more recent development among theories of intelligence. In Gardner’s theory, each person possesses at least eight intelligences. Among these eight intelligences, a person typically excels in some and falters in others (Gardner, 1983). [link] describes each type of intelligence.

Multiple intelligences
Intelligence Type Characteristics Representative Career
Linguistic intelligence Perceives different functions of language, different sounds and meanings of words, may easily learn multiple languages Journalist, novelist, poet, teacher
Logical-mathematical intelligence Capable of seeing numerical patterns, strong ability to use reason and logic Scientist, mathematician
Musical intelligence Understands and appreciates rhythm, pitch, and tone; may play multiple instruments or perform as a vocalist Composer, performer
Bodily kinesthetic intelligence High ability to control the movements of the body and use the body to perform various physical tasks Dancer, athlete, athletic coach, yoga instructor
Spatial intelligence Ability to perceive the relationship between objects and how they move in space Choreographer, sculptor, architect, aviator, sailor
Interpersonal intelligence Ability to understand and be sensitive to the various emotional states of others Counselor, social worker, salesperson
Intrapersonal intelligence Ability to access personal feelings and motivations, and use them to direct behavior and reach personal goals Key component of personal success over time
Naturalist intelligence High capacity to appreciate the natural world and interact with the species within it Biologist, ecologist, environmentalist

Gardner’s theory is relatively new and needs additional research to better establish empirical support. At the same time, his ideas challenge the traditional idea of intelligence to include a wider variety of abilities, although it has been suggested that Gardner simply relabeled what other theorists called “cognitive styles” as “intelligences” (Morgan, 1996). Furthermore, developing traditional measures of Gardner’s intelligences is extremely difficult (Furnham, 2009; Gardner&Moran, 2006; Klein, 1997).

Gardner’s inter- and intrapersonal intelligences are often combined into a single type: emotional intelligence. Emotional intelligence encompasses the ability to understand the emotions of yourself and others, show empathy, understand social relationships and cues, and regulate your own emotions and respond in culturally appropriate ways (Parker, Saklofske,&Stough, 2009). People with high emotional intelligence typically have well-developed social skills. Some researchers, including Daniel Goleman, the author of Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More than IQ , argue that emotional intelligence is a better predictor of success than traditional intelligence (Goleman, 1995). However, emotional intelligence has been widely debated, with researchers pointing out inconsistencies in how it is defined and described, as well as questioning results of studies on a subject that is difficulty to measure and study emperically (Locke, 2005; Mayer, Salovey,&Caruso, 2004)

Intelligence can also have different meanings and values in different cultures. If you live on a small island, where most people get their food by fishing from boats, it would be important to know how to fish and how to repair a boat. If you were an exceptional angler, your peers would probably consider you intelligent. If you were also skilled at repairing boats, your intelligence might be known across the whole island. Think about your own family’s culture. What values are important for Latino families? Italian families? In Irish families, hospitality and telling an entertaining story are marks of the culture. If you are a skilled storyteller, other members of Irish culture are likely to consider you intelligent.

Some cultures place a high value on working together as a collective. In these cultures, the importance of the group supersedes the importance of individual achievement. When you visit such a culture, how well you relate to the values of that culture exemplifies your cultural intelligence    , sometimes referred to as cultural competence.

Creativity

Creativity is the ability to generate, create, or discover new ideas, solutions, and possibilities. Very creative people often have intense knowledge about something, work on it for years, look at novel solutions, seek out the advice and help of other experts, and take risks. Although creativity is often associated with the arts, it is actually a vital form of intelligence that drives people in many disciplines to discover something new. Creativity can be found in every area of life, from the way you decorate your residence to a new way of understanding how a cell works.

Creativity is often assessed as a function of one’s ability to engage in divergent thinking    . Divergent thinking can be described as thinking “outside the box;” it allows an individual to arrive at unique, multiple solutions to a given problem. In contrast, convergent thinking    describes the ability to provide a correct or well-established answer or solution to a problem (Cropley, 2006; Gilford, 1967)

Creativity

Dr. Tom Steitz, the Sterling Professor of Biochemistry and Biophysics at Yale University, has spent his career looking at the structure and specific aspects of RNA molecules and how their interactions cold help produce antibiotics and ward off diseases. As a result of his lifetime of work, he won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2009. He wrote, “Looking back over the development and progress of my career in science, I am reminded how vitally important good mentorship is in the early stages of one's career development and constant face-to-face conversations, debate and discussions with colleagues at all stages of research. Outstanding discoveries, insights and developments do not happen in a vacuum” (Steitz, 2010, para. 39). Based on Steitz’s comment, it becomes clear that someone’s creativity, although an individual strength, benefits from interactions with others. Think of a time when your creativity was sparked by a conversation with a friend or classmate. How did that person influence you and what problem did you solve using creativity?

Summary

Intelligence is a complex characteristic of cognition. Many theories have been developed to explain what intelligence is and how it works. Sternberg generated his triarchic theory of intelligence, whereas Gardner posits that intelligence is comprised of many factors. Still others focus on the importance of emotional intelligence. Finally, creativity seems to be a facet of intelligence, but it is extremely difficult to measure objectively.

Personal application question

What influence do you think emotional intelligence plays in your personal life?

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Questions & Answers

how do you analyze body language
Kailyn Reply
School of thoughts by the scholars
bright Reply
what subject matter of psy
muhammad Reply
Genetics
Awet
do you think that Candace benefited or suffered as a result of consistently being passed on to the next grade?
Cincona Reply
what is Fixed interval
Paradise Reply
Which of the following is not true about physical punishment of children
Chris Reply
who is the writer of this book
Shiv Reply
I think people will not be skeptical but will be interested to know about it
Kabir Reply
Does anyone else here think that God is a made-up concept, developed by different cultures as a coping mechanism with the reality of nothingness and for reproduction? (just my thoughts)
Raman
idk if its a made up concept..or there's actually a super entity in the outer space controlling every thing..but I think it's the concept of God is a necessity for the being of righteous communities. The desire for heaven and the fear of hell is the only thing that keeps many people on the good path
Junaid
(Just my thoughts)
Junaid
Do anyone think that the only way to improve a country 😂 is by having a good education so that people can stand by their selves, and hopefully will help the country.
Genlaiza
Yes . But they aslo need a good economical foundation.
sayantan
I think the concept of God it is not made-up concept but it is made by the feelings of the people because God is nature and from the fact that we feel nature since i is the one who provides for all of us so as a sign of gratitude for everything that we are having from this world we made it as a God
Genlaiza
sure
Prince
That's something Genlaiza....reminds me a quote of Ramana Maharshi .."What is God? The question itself contains the answer: What is,(is) God."
Junaid
thank you very much by the way I am still in high school I'm just having an advance reading
Genlaiza
Good for you :)
Junaid
Any suggestions?
Junaid
if u know what is God or who is ..I think vedanta , one of the oldest treatise related to God . According to yajur veda -God Supreme or Supreme Spirit has no ‘Pratima’ (idol) or material shape. He cannot be seen directly by anyone. He pervades all beings and all directions. Thus,   Idolatry doe
sayantan
I think god is cannot be known because my father said god is nature so can a nature be known or studied? god is not something that should know but it is be feelled and believed and I don't think god is about superiority
Genlaiza
I am just saying..
Genlaiza
yup ..you aslo define God as a creator of our universe because when you goes deep though nature or universe you see that everything is organize with a precise mathematical design.. so you aslo say that if u understand the rhythm of our universe or nature then perhaps you understand what God says .
sayantan
In my thought god is a mind of our soul.bcoz when we see everything that what a manner we can understand, how to treat or how to realize,how to respect and so on...you know the only work of God is to realize who we are ,and what was the problem or anything behind us ..if it is the loss or soul pain
rajy
what causes the brain to produce melatonin
Kali Reply
melatonin is secreted by the pineal gland in the brain. it is a hormone that helps your body prepare for sleep and is activated at night when the CNS 'turns on' the pineal to actively produce melatonin. it remain mostly 'inactive' in the day time.
paschal
why do people sleep in the day time
John
melatonin acts as a 'time cue' anticipating sleep. And since it influences our sleep-wake cycle and circadian rhythm (or body-clock), it comes to play when you didnt get enough sleep time or when you are fatigued. Hence, it activation during the day. Remember, the CNS is the 'commander' of your body
paschal
sleeping in the day time, can it be a habit?
John
anything u do very often will eventually become a habit. but u must understand that peoples' biosystem can be different - what can be a habit in mr A might be a hormonal imbalance in mr B. so, if u suddenly find yourself sleeping often in the daytime (when u are not working nightshifts) see a doctor
paschal
I want to study psychology but I don't know how to start it.
John
yes
Prince
Naturally, John, we all use psychology in our daily interactions. if you want to study it professionally, then you have to attend an educational institution or take an online course. you can do it.
paschal
yes I can do it
Prince
There are many resources on the internet that can aid you in your endeavour.
paschal
whats the topic? be i just downloaded this app and trying to figure it out.
Roxanna Reply
is this your begining in psychology ?
KhaLid
This is my beginning in psychology
Junaid
I am new to psychology
Dom
what are u pursuing ba psychology or applied psychology
Sajan
I am new here any friend please?
Teben Reply
I'm new too, hello friend
Mark
i am also new here
Maliha
i'm new three😂
Mohammad
i'm new three😂
Mohammad
Me too....How you all doing?
Junaid
I good thank you, just in a government lockdown, and now with no job bit searching for a new one in something on the global digital platform would be nice a start to a new job career, from turning a hobby into a new career.
Mark
I am retrospectively new here 😂😂😂😂 Hey everyone !
KhaLid
hi
sayali
Hi Im new for this chat!
Shyam
Let me introduce myself
Shyam
That's great *MARK* I'm also bit searching for a job on digital marketing
Shyam
yes
Bikram
if anyone needs any concepts about psychology lemme know !
KhaLid
I am new new here too
Dom
certainly Salma .....
KhaLid
go ahead ... how can I help you?
KhaLid
Hi
Aliena
hi
Justina
Hello everyone. How u guys hanging?
paschal
I have been struggling
Bosie
What have u been struggling with?
paschal
finding a way to get a laptop to do my work on.
Bosie
Where are you from?
paschal
hi..i need help with my assignment..i need 3 written role plays and each role play i need to use 2 different counseling therapies.
Ashital Reply
why they didn't investigate another person?
NFAK Reply
?
Leuka
?
Cary
be aware your life and others life's It is humanity
muhammad
what is the topic?
paschal
why do people say that girls are more emotional than boys
Soohie Reply
***goodtherapy.org/blog/do-boys-and-girls-express-emotions-differently-1226122?fbclid=IwAR1qdt09vHmDoMHzkoFP8MBRr8nocv9P_I3zluC4rpQ7yo0wO7wVyFwQiB4
Sarah
thanks
NishaOfficial
no problem
Sarah
Wilhem Wundt's introspection technique with his own strict rules for the experiment. Is the technique able to recognize symptoms of mental illnesses, like schizophrenia or dementia for example, or is it only applicable to a certain degree? If so, what is the extent of this technique he used?
Shilla Reply
Yes
Mehmood
Oh, so, yes it can recognize mental illness symptoms?
Shilla
Pls I want to study psychology in higher education but am a bit confused between educational psychology and social psychology which is better?
Odey
confused about what these are two particular fields of psychology tell me odey in which you are interested ?
KhaLid
***differencebetween.com/difference-between-psychology-and-vs-social-psychology/
Sarah
psychology deals with mental processes and behavior in an individual while social psychology deals with society and their influence on an individual
Sarah
what about cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience?
Mehmood
Am interested studying social psychology bt I dnt knw the one that is better
Odey
I can't see the full message u want to know about cognitive psychology and cognitive what was the last part
Sarah
cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience
Mehmood
Cognitive psychology is more focused on information processing and behavior. Cognitive neuroscience studies the underlying biology of information processing and behavior.
Sarah
Cognitive neuroscience overlaps with cognitive psychology, and focuses on the neural substrates of mental processes and their behavioral manifestations.
Sarah
According to the American Psychological Association (APA), cognitive psychology is the “study of higher mental processes such as attention, language use, memory, perception, problem solving, and thinking.” As a scientific study of mind and mental functioning, the core focus of modern cognitive psych
Sarah
***bestpsychologydegrees.com/faq/what-is-cognitive-psychology/
Sarah
I'm currently in college studying for my BA in Science of Psychology which is General Psychology
Sarah
thanks Sarah. can a psychologist be a cognitive neuroscientist? or this domain is out of reach from psychologist s
Mehmood
Odey have u looked into the different types of social psychology and what each of them are?
Sarah
cognitive neuroscientists all study psychology biology neurologist chemistry and philosophy. they typically have training in at least one of these disciplines and can work in a variety of roles, from conducting brain research to helping therapy clients overcome mental illness.
Sarah
so I would say yes a psychologist can be a neuroscientist after furthering their education more
Sarah
Pls Sarah, if u can help me wit any material on the difference I will rili appreciate, we find it difficult to get good psychology material in my country
Odey
yes Sarah. it seems it is an interdisciplinary field of study. I don't know whether most of th universities will provide education in cognitive neuroscience. it seems so expensive and laborious to me. what do you think
Mehmood
yes Sarah. it seems it is an interdisciplinary field of study. I don't know whether most of th universities will provide education in cognitive neuroscience. it seems so expensive and laborious to me. what do you think
Mehmood
***careersinpsychology.org/becoming-a-cognitive-neuroscientist
Sarah
Odey here is a link on social psychology and their different types for you to explore ***bestselling.com/research-areas-in-social-psychology-2795913
Sarah
nobody wants to help answer and explain the question I had? Besides a simple yes? And you guys went on with a different discussion here -_- Thank you very much
Shilla
reask your question again and I'm sorry
Sarah
Wilhem Wundt's introspection technique with his own strict rules for the experiment. Is the technique able to recognize symptoms of mental illnesses, like schizophrenia or dementia for example, or is it only applicable to a certain degree? If so, what is the extent of this technique he used?
Shilla
It's okay, forgiven 😂
Shilla
I have to look in my text for that I havent gotten there yet
Sarah
thank you
Sarah
I'm still looking i hope someone else can help. Forgive me?
Sarah
hey guys can anybody provide me.notes regarding indian psychology and how it changes according to time
nitesh
you mean history of indian psychology?
PUSHPITA
yes would be interesting... as individual psychology is influenced by socialization too... my opinion regards
Neelkanth

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Source:  OpenStax, Psychology. OpenStax CNX. Feb 03, 2015 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11629/1.5
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