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The points of an equilateral triangle are labeled “thoughts,” “behaviors,” and “emotions.” There are arrows running along the sides of the triangle with points on both ends, pointing to the labels.
Cognitive-behavioral therapists take cognitive processes and behaviors into account when providing psychotherapy. This is one of several strategies that may be used by practicing clinical psychologists.

By far, this is the area of psychology that receives the most attention in popular media, and many people mistakenly assume that all psychology is clinical psychology.

Forensic psychology

Forensic psychology is a branch of psychology that deals questions of psychology as they arise in the context of the justice system. For example, forensic psychologists (and forensic psychiatrists) will assess a person’s competency to stand trial, assess the state of mind of a defendant, act as consultants on child custody cases, consult on sentencing and treatment recommendations, and advise on issues such as eyewitness testimony and children’s testimony (American Board of Forensic Psychology, 2014). In these capacities, they will typically act as expert witnesses, called by either side in a court case to provide their research- or experience-based opinions. As expert witnesses, forensic psychologists must have a good understanding of the law and provide information in the context of the legal system rather than just within the realm of psychology. Forensic psychologists are also used in the jury selection process and witness preparation. They may also be involved in providing psychological treatment within the criminal justice system. Criminal profilers are a relatively small proportion of psychologists that act as consultants to law enforcement.

Summary

Psychology is a diverse discipline that is made up of several major subdivisions with unique perspectives. Biological psychology involves the study of the biological bases of behavior. Sensation and perception refer to the area of psychology that is focused on how information from our sensory modalities is received, and how this information is transformed into our perceptual experiences of the world around us. Cognitive psychology is concerned with the relationship that exists between thought and behavior, and developmental psychologists study the physical and cognitive changes that occur throughout one’s lifespan. Personality psychology focuses on individuals’ unique patterns of behavior, thought, and emotion. Industrial and organizational psychology, health psychology, sport and exercise psychology, forensic psychology, and clinical psychology are all considered applied areas of psychology. Industrial and organizational psychologists apply psychological concepts to I-O settings. Health psychologists look for ways to help people live healthier lives, and clinical psychology involves the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders and other problematic behavioral patterns. Sport and exercise psychologists study the interactions between thoughts, emotions, and physical performance in sports, exercise, and other activities. Forensic psychologists carry out activities related to psychology in association with the justice system.

Personal application question

Now that you’ve been briefly introduced to some of the major areas within psychology, which are you most interested in learning more about? Why?

Got questions? Get instant answers now!

Questions & Answers

how to learn psychology easily?
Fatima Reply
Read and understand a topic per day
madhuri
First pick and choose the terms that you are interested in then put them together
Jobin
buy mogan and king book( introduction to psychology) availabile on amazon. introduction to psychology.
Deepak
and start from the basic
Deepak
How possible to understand a person's mind certainly
Palash Reply
not possible
amanda
reading their body language and emotions is possible as well as determining their course of action based on their movement's which requires extreme focus because the small clues in their expressions are a quarter of a second so yes I believe a mind can be predicted although understanding differs
David
the madness will go away..
Miasco Reply
Hi
Sonic
Hello
MTH
So what is Psychology? Generally
Sonic
its a philysio thereapy
Yan
oh physio therapy
Sonic
right
Sonic
ha ha just kidding
Yan
the scientific study of the human mind and its functions, especially those affecting behaviour 
Yan
Hi everyone. My question is.. How can manage anger? Any therapy name which use in home to manage anger? If someone needs anger management which tips are helpful?
Madeeha Reply
i think that you can manage your anger buy avoiding things which can cause you to be angry just surround yourself with people who doesn't make you angry
Fiona
One of methods in releasing anger in a not-so chaotic way is to simply find a quite place, scream and cry.
Norina
I think allowing yourself to be angry is helpful
jojesstay
^ in my opinion, while being good, avoids the problem. Either confront anger, or/and overcome it. Think about why you feel angry and should you even be angry to even begin with. Its ok to be angry. Everyone is different and react to different situations with dif. emotions, but dont let anger win u.
Tomi
take anger as your best friend ,make it a source of motivation whenever you become angry don't take it as something others do as they take anger as a different entity rather than accepting it as a mere emotion(though the strongest of them all) , so accept anger as an emotional state and accept it...
Priyank
...when it comes just take a deep breath and say to yourself it's nothing or no one else but me and I can control it and after doing it for a time you'll be able to channel it or redirect it in a way which will help you in a lot of different ways that you can't even think or imagine of......
Priyank
just remember anger is not your enemy but just an emotion it's not different from you, it's you and it's your bestest and strongest friend of them all.
Priyank
when you angry just count 100 to 0
Prashanth
Hi, everyone anyone tells.What is the scope of psycholog?
Madeeha Reply
The subject-matter of our science is, then, the Soul or Mind. The psychologist investigates those phenomena which we call sensations, perceptions, thoughts, volitions, and emotions; he analyzes them, classifies them, and seeks to reduce them to the smallest number of fundamental activities.
Vibhu
hey madeeha this is your answer
Vibhu
its my point of view
Vibhu
What matters is how their mind perceives their spirituality. And every mind will perceive this differently. Remove your own spirituality from the equation when studying psychology in order to view the spirituality of others (or lack thereof) as objectively as possible.
Brent
yeah exactly r8
Vibhu
Okay, thanks
Madeeha
Why is Bipolar and Meth use so prevalent amongst bipolar individuals?
Brett Reply
honestly, they are probably diagnosed as bipolar because of the meth. once gotten off meth for any length of time. the symptoms of bipolar usually leave. but few are honest with dr. n tell they use meth
Barbara
Conversely, it's because they self medicate during depressive episodes and become addicted. Manic highs can also lead to feelings of invincibleness and reckless behavior that impair judgment. People in manic states just want to have the most fun possible and find it hard to say no to drugs, or even
Brent
Seek the drugs out. Once they are out of the manic state, they associate the meth with that state, and when depressed will continue to use meth to attain it.
Brent
what is a pneumatic depressant
Bill Reply
what is the symptoms of DID.
positive Reply
what is symptoms of DID(Multiple personality Disorder)
positive
4. As indicated in this section, Caucasian women from industrialized, Western cultures tend to be at the highest risk for eating disorders like anorexia and bulimia nervosa. Why might this be?
Shamy Reply
Is anyone know the exact cause of mental illnesses like Add, Adhd, Ocd, bipolar etc
Kartikey Reply
mental desorders are caused by many factors
riadh
a chemical imbalance with bipolar which if i remember correctly has somthing to do with OCD as well.....?
jessie
its also has to do with parts of the brain that recieve neurons and some that dont.
Natasha
Natasha...u from which country?
Philip
uSA
Natasha
no i need more explanation
Aminu
ADD, ADHD, bi polar, and OCD. the first 3 are mostly chemical imbalance to the brain. bi polar is a chemical imbalance that has to do with the emotional and creative parts of the brain. its cause from not getting the right amount of something or not enough of something. which is why amphetamines
Natasha
will either make them act more normal and or helps them concentrate. also can make the unleveled level out. desoxyn is methamphentimine hydrochloride its for obese add and adhd
Natasha
may I add that some studies have shown that children who have A.D.H.D were more than likely brought up in single parent family's and Im not a 100% sure of the stat's but believe that some studies have shown as many as 80% of children with A.D.H.D were brought up in a single parent inviroment.
Gavin
And I also remember A.D.H.D in the early days and ideas were put fourth of the cause and one that stood out was spending excessive amounts of time playing computer games as that was still quite anew phenomena at the time.
Gavin
not that anyone mentions that one any more lol.
Gavin
I don't believe there is such a thing as chemical imbalance. More research is needed and it's too easy and simple just to blame certain illnesses on a chemical imbalance. What is chemical imbalance? Maybe we should start there.
David
chemical imbalance is when you either lack a brain chemical such as seritonin, dopamine ex.
Natasha
gavin true to that. our enviroment is a big factor in our chemicals. when were happy because of something our bodies produce more dopamine
Natasha
for example. single parent families are stressful which studies have shown cause more damage then we think or relize including brain chemistry
Natasha
lol duh read a book every now an den u won't bee sow retar'ed. geez some people I swair jus aint gots no cents. ya knaw what eye sayin... lol
Brett
ask reinfield from dracula he suffers from psychotic ideation...lol
Rodney
what are the psychological effects of being a patient
Gloria Reply
why is the Synapse so important to biopsychologists
Susan Reply
I dnt know
Sam
because its very important
Deepak
Because that's where the exchange of information takes place which causes reactions in us and so biopsychologists need to study the info transmitted in order to study the reaction to explain a mental process/behaviour
Tina
synapse occurs as part of the brain activity. This is where everything seems to happen. Just imagine this synapse is like firing information, your feelings, and stuff
Ysa
so can i assume that if there is action potential in the pre synaptic cell but the neurotransmitter does not diffuse into the post synaptic cell that this would lead to some sort of mental dysfunction?
Susan
Or the opposite, too much neurotransmitter
George
how long does it takes to stabilize your sleeping hours?
Gabby Reply
15 minutes.
Philip
90 mnit +
Khadim
usually 24 hrs for me
Goof
30mins to 1hr
Joshua
😉
Sarfaraj
30 minutes
Bill
why do we get depression
meghna Reply
how to be a neuropsychologist?
mukhtar Reply
wo Kya hota h?
Gayatri
I speak English sorry... If you can translate: I suggest studying anatomy if you are still in high school. You will need a master degree. So about ten years of college.
Jen
Pay close attention to psychology as well. Biology is a must.
Jen
hmm
Gayatri

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Source:  OpenStax, Psychology. OpenStax CNX. Feb 03, 2015 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11629/1.5
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