Introduction to Psychology MCQ Exam 2011#2

Access: Public Instant Grading

Start FlashCards Download PDF Exam Series Learn

Get the best Psychology course in your pocket!

An illustration shows the outlines of two human heads facing toward one another, with several photographs of people spread across the background.
Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behavior. (credit "background": modification of work by Nattachai Noogure; credit "top left": modification of work by U.S. Navy; credit "top middle-left": modification of work by Peter Shanks; credit "top middle-right": modification of work by "devinf"/Flickr; credit "top right": modification of work by Alejandra Quintero Sinisterra; credit "bottom left": modification of work by Gabriel Rocha; credit "bottom middle-left": modification of work by Caleb Roenigk; credit "bottom middle-right": modification of work by Staffan Scherz; credit "bottom right": modification of work by Czech Provincial Reconstruction Team)

Clive Wearing is an accomplished musician who lost his ability to form new memories when he became sick at the age of 46. While he can remember how to play the piano perfectly, he cannot remember what he ate for breakfast just an hour ago (Sacks, 2007). James Wannerton experiences a taste sensation that is associated with the sound of words. His former girlfriend’s name tastes like rhubarb (Mundasad, 2013). John Nash is a brilliant mathematician and Nobel Prize winner. However, while he was a professor at MIT, he would tell people that the New York Times contained coded messages from extraterrestrial beings that were intended for him. He also began to hear voices and became suspicious of the people around him. Soon thereafter, Nash was diagnosed with schizophrenia and admitted to a state-run mental institution (O’Connor&Robertson, 2002). Nash was the subject of the 2001 movie A Beautiful Mind . Why did these people have these experiences? How does the human brain work? And what is the connection between the brain’s internal processes and people’s external behaviors? This textbook will introduce you to various ways that the field of psychology has explored these questions.

References

American Board of Forensic Psychology. (2014). Brochure . Retrieved from http://www.abfp.com/brochure.asp

American Psychological Association. (2014). Retrieved from www.apa.org

American Psychological Association. (2014). Graduate training and career possibilities in exercise and sport psychology. Retrieved from http://www.apadivisions.org/division-47/about/resources/training.aspx?item=1

American Psychological Association. (2011). Psychology as a career. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/education/undergrad/psych-career.aspx

Ashliman, D. L. (2001). Cupid and Psyche. In Folktexts: A library of folktales, folklore, fairy tales, and mythology. Retrieved from http://www.pitt.edu/~dash/cupid.html

Betancourt, H.,&López, S. R. (1993). The study of culture, ethnicity, and race in American psychology. American Psychologist , 48 , 629–637.

Black, S. R., Spence, S. A.,&Omari, S. R. (2004). Contributions of African Americans to the field of psychology. Journal of Black Studies , 35 , 40–64.

Bulfinch, T. (1855). The age of fable: Or, stories of gods and heroes . Boston, MA: Chase, Nichols and Hill.

Buss, D. M. (1989). Sex differences in human mate preferences: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures. Behavioral and Brain Sciences , 12 , 1–49.

This course is a survey of the scientific study of human nature, including how the mind works, and how the brain supports the mind. Topics include the mental and neural bases of perception, emotion, learning, memory, cognition, child development, personality, psychopathology, and social interaction. Students will consider how such knowledge relates to debates about nature and nurture, free will, consciousness, human differences, self, and society.
Exam PDF eBook: 
Introduction to Psychology MCQ Exam 2011#2
Download Psychology 2011 #2 Exam PDF eBook
41 Pages
2014
English US
Educational Materials



Sample Questions from the Introduction to Psychology MCQ Exam 2011#2 Exam

Question: Patients with anterograde global amnesia typically have:

Choices:

a temporally limited retrograde amnesia.

no retrograde amnesia at all.

a retrograde amnesia for the most distant past parts of their lives.

a complete retrograde amnesia.

Question: Memory researchers have studied factors that make it more or le ss likely that a person will remember or forget information. People remember material, like recall of nonsense syllables, better if they sleep 8 hours between study and test than if they are awake for 8 hours between study and test; this result supports the idea of __________. People make more errors in remembering a list of words (such as names of fruits) if they have just previously studied another similar list of words (like names of other frui ts); this results supports the idea of ________. People remember a list of words better if they study and recall words in the same environment (like studying underwater and recalling underwater) than in different environments (like studying underwater and recalling on land); this results supports the idea of _________.

Choices:

encoding specificity; retroactive interference; proactive interference

retroactive interference; proactive interference; encoding spec ificity

retroactive interference; encoding specificity; proactive interference

proactive interference; encoding specificity; retroactive inter ference

Question: Experimental evidence indicates which of the following about lexical access (thinking about the meaning of words)?

Choices:

All meanings of words are activated for about 500 msec, and then only the relevant meaning is activated at 2000 msec.

All meanings of words are activated for about 500 msec through 2000 msec.

Only relevant meanings of words are activated for about 500 mse c through 2000 msec.

Relevant meanings of words are activated for about 500 msec, an d then all meanings are activated at 2000 msec.

Question: Experimental studies show that, for equal losses or gains, people are:

Choices:

risk averse for losses and gains.

risk taking for losses and gains.

risk averse for gains and risk taking for losses.

risk taking for gains and risk averse for losses.

Question: Which of the following is NOT true about human language development in children?

Choices:

Left hemisphere specialization for speech is evident within days of birth.

Children can distinguish all sounds in all languages up to about an age of 3 years.

Girls, on average, learn the meanings of more words in the first two years of life.

Parental communication in “motherese” involves short pauses, ca reful enunciation, and exaggerated intonation in a high pitch that helps infants perceive language.

Question: Studies of patients with brain injuries have revealed that declarative memory depends on the _______; procedural memory depends on the _____; repetition priming depends on ______.

Choices:

basal ganglia; hippocampus; neocortex

hippocampus; basal ganglia; neocortex

basal ganglia; neocortex; hippocampus

hippocampus; neocortex; basal ganglia

Question: The children of highly successful people are often less successful than their parents. This observation reflects most certainly

Choices:

the pressure of growing up with enormous parental expectations.

confirmation bias.

regression to the mean.

the lack of attention from parents devoted to career.

Question: A patient with a right-sided removal of the hippocampus would be impaired on which of the following?

Choices:

short-term verbal memory

long-term verbal memory

short-term visuo-spatial memory

long-term visuo-spatial memory

Question: Patients with right or left hemisphere lesions were compared to healthy control subjects in their abilities to interpret (identify) people who are lying th rough facial expressions alone or through facial expressions and vocal cues. What was found?

Choices:

Patients with right hemisphere lesions were more accurate than patients with left hemisphere lesions and healthy people.

Patients with left hemisphere lesions were more accurate than patients with right hemisphere lesions and healthy people.

Patients with right hemisphere lesions were as accurate as controls and more accurate than patients with left hemisphere lesions.

Patients with left hemisphere lesions were as accurate as controls and more accurate than patients with right hemisphere lesions.

Question: The number of items that can be held in short-term memory is typically conceptualized as:

Choices:

3 plus or minus 2

5 plus or minus 2

7 plus or minus 2

9 plus or minus 2

Question: Chess masters and chess beginners were shown chess pieces on a chessboard, and then asked to reconstruct the locations of the chess pieces from memory. Some of the pieces were shown from normal games (normal arrays) and some were shown in random arrays. Researchers found that:

Choices:

Chess masters had superior memory relative to chess beginners for chess pieces in normal arrays, and the two groups had equal memory for chess pieces in random arrays.

Chess masters had superior memory relative to chess beginners for chess pieces in both normal and random arrays.

Chess masters had superior memory relative to chess beginners for chess pieces in random arrays, and the two groups had equal memory for chess pieces in normal arrays.

Chess masters had superior memory for chess pieces in normal arrays, and inferior memory relative to chess beginners for chess pieces in random arrays.

Start FlashCards Download PDF Exam Series Learn
Source:  Gabrieli, John. 9.00SC Introduction to Psychology, Fall 2011. (MIT OpenCourseWare: Massachusetts Institute of Technology), http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/brain-and-cognitive-sciences/9-00sc-introduction-to-psychology-fall-2011 (Accessed 2 Mar, 2014). License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA
Copy and paste the following HTML code into your website or blog.
<iframe src="https://www.jobilize.com/embed/psychology-9-00sc-exam-ii-fall-2011-by-prof-john-gabrieli-mit" width="600" height="600" frameborder="0" marginwidth="0" marginheight="0" scrolling="yes" style="border:1px solid #CCC; border-width:1px 1px 0; margin-bottom:5px" allowfullscreen webkitallowfullscreen mozallowfullscreen> </iframe>