Introduction to Psychology MCQ Exam 2009 Final

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Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behavior. (credit "background": modification of work by Nattachai Noogure; credit "top left": modification of work by U.S. Navy; credit "top middle-left": modification of work by Peter Shanks; credit "top middle-right": modification of work by "devinf"/Flickr; credit "top right": modification of work by Alejandra Quintero Sinisterra; credit "bottom left": modification of work by Gabriel Rocha; credit "bottom middle-left": modification of work by Caleb Roenigk; credit "bottom middle-right": modification of work by Staffan Scherz; credit "bottom right": modification of work by Czech Provincial Reconstruction Team)

Clive Wearing is an accomplished musician who lost his ability to form new memories when he became sick at the age of 46. While he can remember how to play the piano perfectly, he cannot remember what he ate for breakfast just an hour ago (Sacks, 2007). James Wannerton experiences a taste sensation that is associated with the sound of words. His former girlfriend’s name tastes like rhubarb (Mundasad, 2013). John Nash is a brilliant mathematician and Nobel Prize winner. However, while he was a professor at MIT, he would tell people that the New York Times contained coded messages from extraterrestrial beings that were intended for him. He also began to hear voices and became suspicious of the people around him. Soon thereafter, Nash was diagnosed with schizophrenia and admitted to a state-run mental institution (O’Connor&Robertson, 2002). Nash was the subject of the 2001 movie A Beautiful Mind . Why did these people have these experiences? How does the human brain work? And what is the connection between the brain’s internal processes and people’s external behaviors? This textbook will introduce you to various ways that the field of psychology has explored these questions.

References

American Board of Forensic Psychology. (2014). Brochure . Retrieved from http://www.abfp.com/brochure.asp

American Psychological Association. (2014). Retrieved from www.apa.org

American Psychological Association. (2014). Graduate training and career possibilities in exercise and sport psychology. Retrieved from http://www.apadivisions.org/division-47/about/resources/training.aspx?item=1

American Psychological Association. (2011). Psychology as a career. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/education/undergrad/psych-career.aspx

Ashliman, D. L. (2001). Cupid and Psyche. In Folktexts: A library of folktales, folklore, fairy tales, and mythology. Retrieved from http://www.pitt.edu/~dash/cupid.html

Betancourt, H.,&López, S. R. (1993). The study of culture, ethnicity, and race in American psychology. American Psychologist , 48 , 629–637.

Black, S. R., Spence, S. A.,&Omari, S. R. (2004). Contributions of African Americans to the field of psychology. Journal of Black Studies , 35 , 40–64.

Bulfinch, T. (1855). The age of fable: Or, stories of gods and heroes . Boston, MA: Chase, Nichols and Hill.

Buss, D. M. (1989). Sex differences in human mate preferences: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures. Behavioral and Brain Sciences , 12 , 1–49.

This course is a survey of the scientific study of human nature, including how the mind works, and how the brain supports the mind. Topics include the mental and neural bases of perception, emotion, learning, memory, cognition, child development, personality, psychopathology, and social interaction. Students will consider how such knowledge relates to debates about nature and nurture, free will, consciousness, human differences, self, and society.
Exam PDF eBook: 
Introduction to Psychology MCQ Exam 2009 Final
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50 Pages
2014
English US
Educational Materials



Sample Questions from the Introduction to Psychology MCQ Exam 2009 Final Exam

Question: Which brain region is activated (1) in response to both physical pain and the social pain of exclusion and which brain region (2) shows a relation between volume and risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

Choices:

(1) hippocampus; (2) amygdala

(1) amygdala; (2) cingulate cortex

(1) cingulate cortex; (2) hippocampus

(1) cingulate cortex; (2) amygdala

Question: What Piagetian developmental gain in thinking has been associated specifically with increased blood flow to the frontal lobes?

Choices:

egocentric perspective

conservation of mass

theory of mind

object permanence

Question: Neurogenesis in humans occurs dramatically in utero, but in adulthood it ________ .

Choices:

does not occur

occurs only in frontal-lobe neocortex

occurs in all regions of the brain

occurs in the dentate region of the hippocampus

Question: Adaptive physiological changes that occur in response to acute stress include all of the below EXCEPT

Choices:

suppression of digestion

suppression of cardiovascular tone

suppression of immune system

suppression of growth

Question: What factor has been shown in experiments to increase the willingness for a bystander to help somebody?

Choices:

the personality factor of extraversion

the presence of other, unknown experimental subjects

recent consideration of the importance of helping others

being alone

Question: From age 16 to young adulthood (age 22), grey matter volume in frontal and temporal cortical regions _______ and white matter volume ________ .

Choices:

decreases; increases

is constant; decreases

increases; is constant

increases; decreases

Question: Adult development can be studied cross-sectionally or longitudinally. All of the following are true for cross-sectional designs relative to longitudinal designs EXCEPT for which answer?

Choices:

Cross-sectional designs take less time to accomplish

Cross-sectional designs are less likely to be confounded by practice effects

Cross-sectional designs are less likely to be confounded by cohort effects

Cross-sectional designs are less likely to be confounded by selective attrition

Question: In Milgram.s studies of obedience (shocks and learning), which factors did NOT influence the likelihood that subjects would administer shocks to the highest possible level?

Choices:

the sex of the subject

if experiment was at university or office building

if the researcher gave no commands once the experiment started

if there was an ordinary person (not a scientist) in charge

Question: Functional neuroimaging studies have revealed that activation in the frontal lobes is more _________ in older relative to younger people and that this change in older adults is associated with ________ cognitive aging.

Choices:

asymmetric; successful

symmetric; unsuccessful

asymmetric; unsuccessful

symmetric; successful

Question: In one study (from Woodward, 1998), 3-month olds and 6-month olds repeatedly saw a person reach for an object (ball) on the left and not reach for a teddy bear on the right. Then, they saw a display in which the teddy bear was on the left, and the ball on the right. The person either reached for the teddy bear on the left (same action, new object) or the ball on the right (same object, new action). Looking time was used as a measure to infer how the 3-month olds and 6-month olds interpreted the relation between the initial habituation phase and the subsequent changed test phases. The results indicated

Choices:

both 3-month olds and 6-month olds looked longer when the person grabbed a new object than when the person made a new action

both 3-month olds and 6-month olds looked longer when the person made a new action than when the person grabbed a new object

3-month olds looked longer when the person made a new action, but 6- month olds looked longer when the person grabbed a new object

6-month olds looked longer when the person made a new action, but 3- month olds looked longer when the person grabbed a new object

Question: The attribution of behavior to situations

Choices:

is greater in collectivist than individualistic cultures, and is deliberative rather than spontaneous

is greater in individualistic than collectivist cultures, and is deliberative rather than spontaneous

is greater in individualistic than collectivist cultures, and is spontaneous rather than deliberative

is greater in collectivist than individualistic cultures, and is spontaneous rather than deliberative

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Source:  Gabrieli, John. 9.00 Introduction to Psychology, Spring 2009. (MIT OpenCourseWare: Massachusetts Institute of Technology), http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/brain-and-cognitive-sciences/9-00sc-introduction-to-psychology-fall-2011 (Accessed 2 Mar, 2014). License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA
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