Introduction to Psychology MCQ Exam 2009#1

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Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behavior. (credit "background": modification of work by Nattachai Noogure; credit "top left": modification of work by U.S. Navy; credit "top middle-left": modification of work by Peter Shanks; credit "top middle-right": modification of work by "devinf"/Flickr; credit "top right": modification of work by Alejandra Quintero Sinisterra; credit "bottom left": modification of work by Gabriel Rocha; credit "bottom middle-left": modification of work by Caleb Roenigk; credit "bottom middle-right": modification of work by Staffan Scherz; credit "bottom right": modification of work by Czech Provincial Reconstruction Team)

Clive Wearing is an accomplished musician who lost his ability to form new memories when he became sick at the age of 46. While he can remember how to play the piano perfectly, he cannot remember what he ate for breakfast just an hour ago (Sacks, 2007). James Wannerton experiences a taste sensation that is associated with the sound of words. His former girlfriend’s name tastes like rhubarb (Mundasad, 2013). John Nash is a brilliant mathematician and Nobel Prize winner. However, while he was a professor at MIT, he would tell people that the New York Times contained coded messages from extraterrestrial beings that were intended for him. He also began to hear voices and became suspicious of the people around him. Soon thereafter, Nash was diagnosed with schizophrenia and admitted to a state-run mental institution (O’Connor&Robertson, 2002). Nash was the subject of the 2001 movie A Beautiful Mind . Why did these people have these experiences? How does the human brain work? And what is the connection between the brain’s internal processes and people’s external behaviors? This textbook will introduce you to various ways that the field of psychology has explored these questions.

References

American Board of Forensic Psychology. (2014). Brochure . Retrieved from http://www.abfp.com/brochure.asp

American Psychological Association. (2014). Retrieved from www.apa.org

American Psychological Association. (2014). Graduate training and career possibilities in exercise and sport psychology. Retrieved from http://www.apadivisions.org/division-47/about/resources/training.aspx?item=1

American Psychological Association. (2011). Psychology as a career. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/education/undergrad/psych-career.aspx

Ashliman, D. L. (2001). Cupid and Psyche. In Folktexts: A library of folktales, folklore, fairy tales, and mythology. Retrieved from http://www.pitt.edu/~dash/cupid.html

Betancourt, H.,&López, S. R. (1993). The study of culture, ethnicity, and race in American psychology. American Psychologist , 48 , 629–637.

Black, S. R., Spence, S. A.,&Omari, S. R. (2004). Contributions of African Americans to the field of psychology. Journal of Black Studies , 35 , 40–64.

Bulfinch, T. (1855). The age of fable: Or, stories of gods and heroes . Boston, MA: Chase, Nichols and Hill.

Buss, D. M. (1989). Sex differences in human mate preferences: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures. Behavioral and Brain Sciences , 12 , 1–49.

This course is a survey of the scientific study of human nature, including how the mind works, and how the brain supports the minD) Topics include the mental and neural bases of perception, emotion, learning, memory, cognition, child development, personality, psychopathology, and social interaction. Students will consider how such knowledge relates to debates about nature and nurture, free will, consciousness, human differences, self, and society.
Exam PDF eBook: 
Introduction to Psychology MCQ Exam 2009#1
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50 Pages
2014
English US
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Sample Questions from the Introduction to Psychology MCQ Exam 2009#1 Exam

Question: Sacks describes a man who claims that he has a severed human leg in his bed when it is actually his own leg. If this patient is like those described by Ramachandran in his studies of similar anosagnosic patients, Sacks would have found which ONE of these with this patient?

Choices:

the patient would use that leg for practical purposes

the patient would agree that it is his leg if offered money

the patient would agree that it is his own leg if cold water is placed in his left ear

the patient would agree that he himself has a problem with his own left leg

Question: If two groups of patients with fever are given either (a) a drug or (b) a placebo, and the temperatures of the patients are used as the measure of how well the drug did, then

Choices:

drug vs. placebo and temperature are independent measures

drug vs. placebo and temperature are dependent measures

drug vs. placebo is the dependent measure, and temperature is the independent measure

drug vs. placebo is the independent measure, and temperature is the dependent measure

Question: Some measures of brain function reveal what brain region is necessary (causal) for a mental ability, and other brain measures reveal what brain region is associated (correlated) with a mental ability. Which answer below contains only causal measures?

Choices:

lesions and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)

fMRI and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)

lesions and TMS

fMRI and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)

Question: Sacks describes the case of Donald, who could not remember killing his girlfriend while under the influence of PCP. After contusions to what brain regions did Donald appear to recover memory for the murder?

Choices:

parietal

temporal

occipital

frontal

Question: An experiment had subjects either (Forecaster Group) hear about an individual make a racist comment or (Experiencer Group) actually be present when an individual made a racist comment. Then, these subjects were asked how they felt and whether they would select the individual who made the racist comment as a partner for an anagram task. The findings from this study were, in general, that

Choices:

subjects in both Groups felt bad about the comment, and did not tend to select the individual who made the racist comment as a partner

subjects in both Groups felt bad about the comment, but still tended to select the individual who made the racist comment as a partner

subjects in the Forecaster Group felt bad about the comment and did not tend to select the individual who made the racist comment as a partner, but subjects in the Experiencer Group felt ok about the comment and did tend to select the individual who made the racist comment as a partner

subjects in the Experiencer Group felt bad about the comment and did not tend to select the individual who made the racist comment as a partner, but subjects in the Forecaster Group felt ok about the comment and did tend to select the individual who made the racist comment as a partner

Question: Which is the correct order in the brain of visual processing from the outer world?

Choices:

primary visual cortex, rods & cones, retinal ganglion cells, lateral geniculate nucleus

retinal ganglion cells, rods & cones, lateral geniculate nucleus, primary visual cortex

rods & cones, lateral geniculate nucleus, retinal ganglion cells, primary visual cortex

rods & cones, retinal ganglion cells, lateral geniculate nucleus, primary visual cortex

Question: Sacks describes two women, Mrs. O'C and Mrs. O'M, with "musical epilepsy" in which the women experienced hearing songs due to pathology in which lobe?

Choices:

parietal

temporal

occipital

frontal

Question: Infants prefer __ visual displays, and at 6 months recognize monkey faces human faces.

Choices:

bottom-heavy; worse than

top-heavy; as well as

top-heavy; worse than

bottom-heavy; as well as

Question: Empirical evidence supports which one of the conclusions below?

Choices:

students do better in a course when the teacher sets paper deadlines than when the students set paper deadlines

the Rorschach inkblot test is a valid psychological test

medical school interviews help identify applicants who perform better in medical school and are more likely to successfully complete medical school

the medical or clinical experience of a therapist increases the likelihood that psychotherapy will help a person

Question: Which method primarily measures white matter, rather than grey matter?

Choices:

fMRI

ERP/EEG

PET

DTI

Question: Sacks describes Professor P, a musician who became a prosopagnosic patient. Professor P failed to recognize all of the following, except for one. Select the one answer below describing something Professor P could recognize by sight.

Choices:

faces of his family

abstract shapes like a cube

emotional expression of faces in movies

a rose

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Source:  Gabrieli, John. 9.00 Introduction to Psychology, Spring 2009. (MIT OpenCourseWare: Massachusetts Institute of Technology), http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/brain-and-cognitive-sciences/9-00sc-introduction-to-psychology-fall-2011 (Accessed 2 Mar, 2014). License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA
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