# 8.6 Parametric equations  (Page 5/6)

 Page 5 / 6

## Verbal

What is a system of parametric equations?

A pair of functions that is dependent on an external factor. The two functions are written in terms of the same parameter. For example, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=f\left(t\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y=f\left(t\right).$

Some examples of a third parameter are time, length, speed, and scale. Explain when time is used as a parameter.

Explain how to eliminate a parameter given a set of parametric equations.

Choose one equation to solve for $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ substitute into the other equation and simplify.

What is a benefit of writing a system of parametric equations as a Cartesian equation?

What is a benefit of using parametric equations?

Some equations cannot be written as functions, like a circle. However, when written as two parametric equations, separately the equations are functions.

Why are there many sets of parametric equations to represent on Cartesian function?

## Algebraic

For the following exercises, eliminate the parameter $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ to rewrite the parametric equation as a Cartesian equation.

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)=5-t\hfill \\ y\left(t\right)=8-2t\hfill \end{array}$

$y=-2+2x$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)=6-3t\hfill \\ y\left(t\right)=10-t\hfill \end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)=2t+1\hfill \\ y\left(t\right)=3\sqrt{t}\hfill \end{array}$

$y=3\sqrt{\frac{x-1}{2}}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)=3t-1\hfill \\ y\left(t\right)=2{t}^{2}\hfill \end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)=2{e}^{t}\hfill \\ y\left(t\right)=1-5t\hfill \end{array}$

$x=2{e}^{\frac{1-y}{5}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ or $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y=1-5ln\left(\frac{x}{2}\right)$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)={e}^{-2t}\hfill \\ y\left(t\right)=2{e}^{-t}\hfill \end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)=4\text{log}\left(t\right)\hfill \\ y\left(t\right)=3+2t\hfill \end{array}$

$x=4\mathrm{log}\left(\frac{y-3}{2}\right)$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)=\text{log}\left(2t\right)\hfill \\ y\left(t\right)=\sqrt{t-1}\hfill \end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)={t}^{3}-t\hfill \\ y\left(t\right)=2t\hfill \end{array}$

$x={\left(\frac{y}{2}\right)}^{3}-\frac{y}{2}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)=t-{t}^{4}\hfill \\ y\left(t\right)=t+2\hfill \end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)={e}^{2t}\hfill \\ y\left(t\right)={e}^{6t}\hfill \end{array}$

$y={x}^{3}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)={t}^{5}\hfill \\ y\left(t\right)={t}^{10}\hfill \end{array}$

${\left(\frac{x}{4}\right)}^{2}+{\left(\frac{y}{5}\right)}^{2}=1$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)=3\mathrm{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t\hfill \\ y\left(t\right)=6\mathrm{cos}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t\hfill \end{array}$

${y}^{2}=1-\frac{1}{2}x$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)=\mathrm{cos}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t+4\\ y\left(t\right)=2{\mathrm{sin}}^{2}t\end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)=t-1\\ y\left(t\right)={t}^{2}\end{array}$

$y={x}^{2}+2x+1$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)=-t\\ y\left(t\right)={t}^{3}+1\end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)=2t-1\\ y\left(t\right)={t}^{3}-2\end{array}$

$y={\left(\frac{x+1}{2}\right)}^{3}-2$

For the following exercises, rewrite the parametric equation as a Cartesian equation by building an $x\text{-}y$ table.

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)=2t-1\\ y\left(t\right)=t+4\end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)=4-t\\ y\left(t\right)=3t+2\end{array}$

$y=-3x+14$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)=2t-1\\ y\left(t\right)=5t\end{array}$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)=4t-1\\ y\left(t\right)=4t+2\end{array}$

$y=x+3$

For the following exercises, parameterize (write parametric equations for) each Cartesian equation by setting $x\left(t\right)=t$ or by setting $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\left(t\right)=t.$

$y\left(x\right)=3{x}^{2}+3$

$y\left(x\right)=2\mathrm{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x+1$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)=t\hfill \\ y\left(t\right)=2\mathrm{sin}t+1\hfill \end{array}$

$x\left(y\right)=3\mathrm{log}\left(y\right)+y$

$x\left(y\right)=\sqrt{y}+2y$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)=\sqrt{t}+2t\hfill \\ y\left(t\right)=t\hfill \end{array}$

For the following exercises, parameterize (write parametric equations for) each Cartesian equation by using $x\left(t\right)=a\mathrm{cos}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\left(t\right)=b\mathrm{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Identify the curve.

$\frac{{x}^{2}}{4}+\frac{{y}^{2}}{9}=1$

$\frac{{x}^{2}}{16}+\frac{{y}^{2}}{36}=1$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)=4\mathrm{cos}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t\hfill \\ y\left(t\right)=6\mathrm{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t\hfill \end{array};\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Ellipse

${x}^{2}+{y}^{2}=16$

${x}^{2}+{y}^{2}=10$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)=\sqrt{10}\mathrm{cos}t\hfill \\ y\left(t\right)=\sqrt{10}\mathrm{sin}t\hfill \end{array};\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Circle

Parameterize the line from $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(3,0\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ to $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-2,-5\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ so that the line is at $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(3,0\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ at $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t=0,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and at $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-2,-5\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ at $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t=1.$

Parameterize the line from $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-1,0\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ to $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(3,-2\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ so that the line is at $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-1,0\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ at $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t=0,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and at $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(3,-2\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ at $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t=1.$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)=-1+4t\hfill \\ y\left(t\right)=-2t\hfill \end{array}$

Parameterize the line from $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-1,5\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ to $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(2,3\right)$ so that the line is at $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(-1,5\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ at $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t=0,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and at $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(2,3\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ at $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t=1.$

Parameterize the line from $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(4,1\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ to $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(6,-2\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ so that the line is at $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(4,1\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ at $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t=0,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and at $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(6,-2\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ at $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t=1.$

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}x\left(t\right)=4+2t\hfill \\ y\left(t\right)=1-3t\hfill \end{array}$

## Technology

For the following exercises, use the table feature in the graphing calculator to determine whether the graphs intersect.

yes, at $t=2$

For the following exercises, use a graphing calculator to complete the table of values for each set of parametric equations.

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}{x}_{1}\left(t\right)=3{t}^{2}-3t+7\hfill \\ {y}_{1}\left(t\right)=2t+3\hfill \end{array}$

$t$ $x$ $y$
–1
0
1

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}{x}_{1}\left(t\right)={t}^{2}-4\hfill \\ {y}_{1}\left(t\right)=2{t}^{2}-1\hfill \end{array}$

$t$ $x$ $y$
1
2
3
$t$ $x$ $y$
1 -3 1
2 0 7
3 5 17

$\left\{\begin{array}{l}{x}_{1}\left(t\right)={t}^{4}\hfill \\ {y}_{1}\left(t\right)={t}^{3}+4\hfill \end{array}$

$t$ $x$ $y$
-1
0
1
2

## Extensions

Find two different sets of parametric equations for $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y={\left(x+1\right)}^{2}.$

Find two different sets of parametric equations for $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y=3x-2.$

Find two different sets of parametric equations for $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y={x}^{2}-4x+4.$

The center is at (3,4) a focus is at (3,-1), and the lenght of the major axis is 26
The center is at (3,4) a focus is at (3,-1) and the lenght of the major axis is 26 what will be the answer?
Rima
I done know
Joe
What kind of answer is that😑?
Rima
I had just woken up when i got this message
Joe
Rima
i have a question.
Abdul
how do you find the real and complex roots of a polynomial?
Abdul
@abdul with delta maybe which is b(square)-4ac=result then the 1st root -b-radical delta over 2a and the 2nd root -b+radical delta over 2a. I am not sure if this was your question but check it up
Nare
This is the actual question: Find all roots(real and complex) of the polynomial f(x)=6x^3 + x^2 - 4x + 1
Abdul
@Nare please let me know if you can solve it.
Abdul
I have a question
juweeriya
hello guys I'm new here? will you happy with me
mustapha
The average annual population increase of a pack of wolves is 25.
how do you find the period of a sine graph
Period =2π if there is a coefficient (b), just divide the coefficient by 2π to get the new period
Am
if not then how would I find it from a graph
Imani
by looking at the graph, find the distance between two consecutive maximum points (the highest points of the wave). so if the top of one wave is at point A (1,2) and the next top of the wave is at point B (6,2), then the period is 5, the difference of the x-coordinates.
Am
you could also do it with two consecutive minimum points or x-intercepts
Am
I will try that thank u
Imani
Case of Equilateral Hyperbola
ok
Zander
ok
Shella
f(x)=4x+2, find f(3)
Benetta
f(3)=4(3)+2 f(3)=14
lamoussa
14
Vedant
pre calc teacher: "Plug in Plug in...smell's good" f(x)=14
Devante
8x=40
Chris
Explain why log a x is not defined for a < 0
the sum of any two linear polynomial is what
Momo
how can are find the domain and range of a relations
the range is twice of the natural number which is the domain
Morolake
A cell phone company offers two plans for minutes. Plan A: $15 per month and$2 for every 300 texts. Plan B: $25 per month and$0.50 for every 100 texts. How many texts would you need to send per month for plan B to save you money?
6000
Robert
more than 6000
Robert
can I see the picture
How would you find if a radical function is one to one?
how to understand calculus?
with doing calculus
SLIMANE
Thanks po.
Jenica
Hey I am new to precalculus, and wanted clarification please on what sine is as I am floored by the terms in this app? I don't mean to sound stupid but I have only completed up to college algebra.
I don't know if you are looking for a deeper answer or not, but the sine of an angle in a right triangle is the length of the opposite side to the angle in question divided by the length of the hypotenuse of said triangle.
Marco
can you give me sir tips to quickly understand precalculus. Im new too in that topic. Thanks
Jenica
if you remember sine, cosine, and tangent from geometry, all the relationships are the same but they use x y and r instead (x is adjacent, y is opposite, and r is hypotenuse).
Natalie
it is better to use unit circle than triangle .triangle is only used for acute angles but you can begin with. Download any application named"unit circle" you find in it all you need. unit circle is a circle centred at origine (0;0) with radius r= 1.
SLIMANE
What is domain
johnphilip
the standard equation of the ellipse that has vertices (0,-4)&(0,4) and foci (0, -15)&(0,15) it's standard equation is x^2 + y^2/16 =1 tell my why is it only x^2? why is there no a^2?
what is foci?
This term is plural for a focus, it is used for conic sections. For more detail or other math questions. I recommend researching on "Khan academy" or watching "The Organic Chemistry Tutor" YouTube channel.
Chris