# 4.1 Linear functions  (Page 17/27)

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Find the equation of the line that passes through the following points:

and

Find the equation of the line that passes through the following points:

$\left(2a,b\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(a,b+1\right)$

$y=-\frac{1}{2}x+b+2$

Find the equation of the line that passes through the following points:

$\left(a,0\right)$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(c,d\right)$

Find the equation of the line parallel to the line $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}g\left(x\right)=-0.\text{01}x\text{+2}\text{.01}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ through the point $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(1,\text{2}\right).$

y = –0.01 x + 2.01

Find the equation of the line perpendicular to the line $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}g\left(x\right)=-0.\text{01}x\text{+2}\text{.01}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ through the point $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\left(1,\text{2}\right).$

For the following exercises, use the functions

Find the point of intersection of the lines $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}g.$

Where is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ greater than $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}g\left(x\right)?\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Where is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}g\left(x\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ greater than $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)?$

## Real-world applications

At noon, a barista notices that she has $20 in her tip jar. If she makes an average of$0.50 from each customer, how much will she have in her tip jar if she serves $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}n\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ more customers during her shift?

$20+0.5n$

A gym membership with two personal training sessions costs $125, while gym membership with five personal training sessions costs$260. What is cost per session?

A clothing business finds there is a linear relationship between the number of shirts, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}n,$ it can sell and the price, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}p,$ it can charge per shirt. In particular, historical data shows that 1,000 shirts can be sold at a price of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}30,$ while 3,000 shirts can be sold at a price of $22. Find a linear equation in the form $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}p\left(n\right)=mn+b\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ that gives the price $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}p\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ they can charge for $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}n\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ shirts. $p\left(n\right)=-0.004n+34$ A phone company charges for service according to the formula: $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}C\left(n\right)=24+0.1n,$ where $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}n\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is the number of minutes talked, and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}C\left(n\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is the monthly charge, in dollars. Find and interpret the rate of change and initial value. A farmer finds there is a linear relationship between the number of bean stalks, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}n,$ she plants and the yield, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y,$ each plant produces. When she plants 30 stalks, each plant yields 30 oz of beans. When she plants 34 stalks, each plant produces 28 oz of beans. Find a linear relationships in the form $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y=mn+b\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ that gives the yield when $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}n\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ stalks are planted. $y=-0.5n+45$ A city’s population in the year 1960 was 287,500. In 1989 the population was 275,900. Compute the rate of growth of the population and make a statement about the population rate of change in people per year. A town’s population has been growing linearly. In 2003, the population was 45,000, and the population has been growing by 1,700 people each year. Write an equation, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}P\left(t\right),$ for the population $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ years after 2003. $P\left(t\right)=1700t+45,000$ Suppose that average annual income (in dollars) for the years 1990 through 1999 is given by the linear function: $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}I\left(x\right)=1054x+23,286,$ where $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is the number of years after 1990. Which of the following interprets the slope in the context of the problem? 1. As of 1990, average annual income was$23,286.
2. In the ten-year period from 1990–1999, average annual income increased by a total of $1,054. 3. Each year in the decade of the 1990s, average annual income increased by$1,054.
4. Average annual income rose to a level of $23,286 by the end of 1999. When temperature is 0 degrees Celsius, the Fahrenheit temperature is 32. When the Celsius temperature is 100, the corresponding Fahrenheit temperature is 212. Express the Fahrenheit temperature as a linear function of $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}C,$ the Celsius temperature, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}F\left(C\right).$ 1. Find the rate of change of Fahrenheit temperature for each unit change temperature of Celsius. 2. Find and interpret $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}F\left(28\right).$ 3. Find and interpret $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}F\left(–40\right).$ #### Questions & Answers find the value of 2x=32 Felix Reply divide by 2 on each side of the equal sign to solve for x corri use the y -intercept and slope to sketch the graph of the equation y=6x Only Reply how do we prove the quadratic formular Seidu Reply hello, if you have a question about Algebra 2. I may be able to help. I am an Algebra 2 Teacher Shirley Reply thank you help me with how to prove the quadratic equation Seidu may God blessed u for that. Please I want u to help me in sets. Opoku what is math number Tric Reply 4 Trista x-2y+3z=-3 2x-y+z=7 -x+3y-z=6 Sidiki Reply Need help solving this problem (2/7)^-2 Simone Reply x+2y-z=7 Sidiki what is the coefficient of -4× Mehri Reply -1 Shedrak the operation * is x * y =x + y/ 1+(x × y) show if the operation is commutative if x × y is not equal to -1 Alfred Reply An investment account was opened with an initial deposit of$9,600 and earns 7.4% interest, compounded continuously. How much will the account be worth after 15 years?
lim x to infinity e^1-e^-1/log(1+x)
given eccentricity and a point find the equiation
12, 17, 22.... 25th term
12, 17, 22.... 25th term
Akash
College algebra is really hard?
Absolutely, for me. My problems with math started in First grade...involving a nun Sister Anastasia, bad vision, talking & getting expelled from Catholic school. When it comes to math I just can't focus and all I can hear is our family silverware banging and clanging on the pink Formica table.
Carole
I'm 13 and I understand it great
AJ
I am 1 year old but I can do it! 1+1=2 proof very hard for me though.
Atone
Not really they are just easy concepts which can be understood if you have great basics. I am 14 I understood them easily.
Vedant
hi vedant can u help me with some assignments
Solomon
find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
I know this work
salma By By By By By      