# 10.1 Non-right triangles: law of sines  (Page 4/10)

 Page 4 / 10

Thus,

$\text{Area}=\frac{1}{2}\left(\text{base}\right)\left(\text{height}\right)=\frac{1}{2}b\left(c\mathrm{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\alpha \right)$

Similarly,

$\text{Area}=\frac{1}{2}a\left(b\mathrm{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\gamma \right)=\frac{1}{2}a\left(c\mathrm{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\beta \right)$

## Area of an oblique triangle

The formula for the area of an oblique triangle is given by

$\begin{array}{l}\text{Area}=\frac{1}{2}bc\mathrm{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\alpha \hfill \\ \text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}=\frac{1}{2}ac\mathrm{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\beta \hfill \\ \text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}=\frac{1}{2}ab\mathrm{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\gamma \hfill \end{array}$

This is equivalent to one-half of the product of two sides and the sine of their included angle.

## Finding the area of an oblique triangle

Find the area of a triangle with sides $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}a=90,b=52,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and angle $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\gamma =102°.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Round the area to the nearest integer.

Using the formula, we have

$\begin{array}{l}\text{Area}=\frac{1}{2}ab\mathrm{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\gamma \hfill \\ \text{Area}=\frac{1}{2}\left(90\right)\left(52\right)\mathrm{sin}\left(102°\right)\hfill \\ \text{Area}\approx 2289\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{square}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{units}\hfill \end{array}$

Find the area of the triangle given $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\beta =42°,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}a=7.2\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{ft},\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}c=3.4\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{ft}.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Round the area to the nearest tenth.

about $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}8.2\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{square}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{feet}$

## Solving applied problems using the law of sines

The more we study trigonometric applications, the more we discover that the applications are countless. Some are flat, diagram-type situations, but many applications in calculus, engineering, and physics involve three dimensions and motion.

## Finding an altitude

Find the altitude of the aircraft in the problem introduced at the beginning of this section, shown in [link] . Round the altitude to the nearest tenth of a mile.

To find the elevation of the aircraft, we first find the distance from one station to the aircraft, such as the side $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}a,$ and then use right triangle relationships to find the height of the aircraft, $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}h.$

Because the angles in the triangle add up to 180 degrees, the unknown angle must be 180°−15°−35°=130°. This angle is opposite the side of length 20, allowing us to set up a Law of Sines relationship.

The distance from one station to the aircraft is about 14.98 miles.

Now that we know $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}a,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ we can use right triangle relationships to solve for $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}h.$

The aircraft is at an altitude of approximately 3.9 miles.

The diagram shown in [link] represents the height of a blimp flying over a football stadium. Find the height of the blimp if the angle of elevation at the southern end zone, point A, is 70°, the angle of elevation from the northern end zone, point $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}B,\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is 62°, and the distance between the viewing points of the two end zones is 145 yards.

161.9 yd.

Access these online resources for additional instruction and practice with trigonometric applications.

## Key equations

 Law of Sines $\begin{array}{l}\frac{\mathrm{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\alpha }{a}=\frac{\mathrm{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\beta }{b}=\frac{\mathrm{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\gamma }{c}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\hfill \\ \frac{a}{\mathrm{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\alpha }=\frac{b}{\mathrm{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\beta }=\frac{c}{\mathrm{sin}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\gamma }\hfill \end{array}$ Area for oblique triangles

## Key concepts

• The Law of Sines can be used to solve oblique triangles, which are non-right triangles.
• According to the Law of Sines, the ratio of the measurement of one of the angles to the length of its opposite side equals the other two ratios of angle measure to opposite side.
• There are three possible cases: ASA, AAS, SSA. Depending on the information given, we can choose the appropriate equation to find the requested solution. See [link] .
• The ambiguous case arises when an oblique triangle can have different outcomes.
• There are three possible cases that arise from SSA arrangement—a single solution, two possible solutions, and no solution. See [link] and [link] .
• The Law of Sines can be used to solve triangles with given criteria. See [link] .
• The general area formula for triangles translates to oblique triangles by first finding the appropriate height value. See [link] .
• There are many trigonometric applications. They can often be solved by first drawing a diagram of the given information and then using the appropriate equation. See [link] .

#### Questions & Answers

if tan alpha + beta is equal to sin x + Y then prove that X square + Y square - 2 I got hyperbole 2 Beta + 1 is equal to zero
Rahul Reply
sin^4+sin^2=1, prove that tan^2-tan^4+1=0
SAYANTANI Reply
what is the formula used for this question? "Jamal wants to save \$54,000 for a down payment on a home. How much will he need to invest in an account with 8.2% APR, compounding daily, in order to reach his goal in 5 years?"
Kuz Reply
i don't need help solving it I just need a memory jogger please.
Kuz
A = P(1 + r/n) ^rt
Dale
how to solve an expression when equal to zero
Mintah Reply
its a very simple
Kavita
gave your expression then i solve
Kavita
Hy guys, I have a problem when it comes on solving equations and expressions, can you help me 😭😭
Thuli
Tomorrow its an revision on factorising and Simplifying...
Thuli
ok sent the quiz
kurash
send
Kavita
Hi
Masum
What is the value of log-1
Masum
the value of log1=0
Kavita
Log(-1)
Masum
What is the value of i^i
Masum
log -1 is 1.36
kurash
No
Masum
no I m right
Kavita
No sister.
Masum
no I m right
Kavita
tan20°×tan30°×tan45°×tan50°×tan60°×tan70°
Joju Reply
jaldi batao
Joju
Find the value of x between 0degree and 360 degree which satisfy the equation 3sinx =tanx
musah Reply
what is sine?
tae Reply
what is the standard form of 1
Sanjana Reply
1×10^0
Akugry
Evalute exponential functions
Sujata Reply
30
Shani
The sides of a triangle are three consecutive natural number numbers and it's largest angle is twice the smallest one. determine the sides of a triangle
Jaya Reply
Will be with you shortly
Inkoom
3, 4, 5 principle from geo? sounds like a 90 and 2 45's to me that my answer
Neese
answer is 2, 3, 4
Gaurav
prove that [a+b, b+c, c+a]= 2[a b c]
Ashutosh Reply
can't prove
Akugry
i can prove [a+b+b+c+c+a]=2[a+b+c]
this is simple
Akugry
hi
Stormzy
x exposant 4 + 4 x exposant 3 + 8 exposant 2 + 4 x + 1 = 0
HERVE Reply
x exposent4+4x exposent3+8x exposent2+4x+1=0
HERVE
How can I solve for a domain and a codomains in a given function?
Oliver Reply
ranges
EDWIN
Thank you I mean range sir.
Oliver
proof for set theory
Kwesi Reply
don't you know?
Inkoom
find to nearest one decimal place of centimeter the length of an arc of circle of radius length 12.5cm and subtending of centeral angle 1.6rad
Martina Reply

### Read also:

#### Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Algebra and trigonometry' conversation and receive update notifications?

 By By By By By By By