# 6.6 Exponential and logarithmic equations  (Page 3/8)

 Page 3 / 8

Solve $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{2}^{x}={3}^{x+1}.$

$x=\frac{\mathrm{ln}3}{\mathrm{ln}\left(2}{3}\right)}$

Is there any way to solve $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{2}^{x}={3}^{x}?$

Yes. The solution is $0.$

## Equations containing e

One common type of exponential equations are those with base $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}e.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ This constant occurs again and again in nature, in mathematics, in science, in engineering, and in finance. When we have an equation with a base $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}e\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ on either side, we can use the natural logarithm    to solve it.

Given an equation of the form $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y=A{e}^{kt}\text{,}$ solve for $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}t.$

1. Divide both sides of the equation by $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}A.$
2. Apply the natural logarithm of both sides of the equation.
3. Divide both sides of the equation by $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}k.$

## Solve an equation of the form y = Ae kt

Solve $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}100=20{e}^{2t}.$

Solve $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}3{e}^{0.5t}=11.$

$t=2\mathrm{ln}\left(\frac{11}{3}\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ or $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\mathrm{ln}{\left(\frac{11}{3}\right)}^{2}$

Does every equation of the form $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y=A{e}^{kt}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ have a solution?

No. There is a solution when $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}k\ne 0,$ and when $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}A\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ are either both 0 or neither 0, and they have the same sign. An example of an equation with this form that has no solution is $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}2=-3{e}^{t}.$

## Solving an equation that can be simplified to the form y = Ae kt

Solve $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}4{e}^{2x}+5=12.$

Solve $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}3+{e}^{2t}=7{e}^{2t}.$

$t=\mathrm{ln}\left(\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\right)=-\frac{1}{2}\mathrm{ln}\left(2\right)$

## Extraneous solutions

Sometimes the methods used to solve an equation introduce an extraneous solution    , which is a solution that is correct algebraically but does not satisfy the conditions of the original equation. One such situation arises in solving when the logarithm is taken on both sides of the equation. In such cases, remember that the argument of the logarithm must be positive. If the number we are evaluating in a logarithm function is negative, there is no output.

## Solving exponential functions in quadratic form

Solve $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{e}^{2x}-{e}^{x}=56.$

Solve $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{e}^{2x}={e}^{x}+2.$

$x=\mathrm{ln}2$

Does every logarithmic equation have a solution?

No. Keep in mind that we can only apply the logarithm to a positive number. Always check for extraneous solutions.

## Using the definition of a logarithm to solve logarithmic equations

We have already seen that every logarithmic equation $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{log}}_{b}\left(x\right)=y\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ is equivalent to the exponential equation $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{b}^{y}=x.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ We can use this fact, along with the rules of logarithms, to solve logarithmic equations where the argument is an algebraic expression.

For example, consider the equation $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}{\mathrm{log}}_{2}\left(2\right)+{\mathrm{log}}_{2}\left(3x-5\right)=3.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ To solve this equation, we can use rules of logarithms to rewrite the left side in compact form and then apply the definition of logs to solve for $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x:$

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nothing up todat yet
Miranda
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jai
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jai
Miranda Drice
jai
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jai
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Miranda
I am living in india
jai
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Miranda
what is the formula for calculating algebraic
I think the formula for calculating algebraic is the statement of the equality of two expression stimulate by a set of addition, multiplication, soustraction, division, raising to a power and extraction of Root. U believe by having those in the equation you will be in measure to calculate it
Miranda
state and prove Cayley hamilton therom
hello
Propessor
hi
Miranda
the Cayley hamilton Theorem state if A is a square matrix and if f(x) is its characterics polynomial then f(x)=0 in another ways evey square matrix is a root of its chatacteristics polynomial.
Miranda
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jai
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Propessor
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jai
What is algebra
algebra is a branch of the mathematics to calculate expressions follow.
Miranda
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Jeffrey
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Jeffrey
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Miranda
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Jeffrey
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Miranda
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Miranda
Jeffrey
Jeffrey
Miranda
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Miranda
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Steve
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Steve
I don't know why. But Im trying to like it.
Jeffrey
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Jeffrey
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Miranda
what is the solution of the given equation?
which equation
Miranda
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Miranda
Jeffrey
answer and questions in exercise 11.2 sums
how do u calculate inequality of irrational number?
Alaba
give me an example
Chris
and I will walk you through it
Chris
cos (-z)= cos z .
cos(- z)=cos z
Mustafa
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(x+x)3=?
6x
Obed
what is the identity of 1-cos²5x equal to?
__john __05
Kishu
Hi
Abdel
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Nokwanda
C'est comment
Abdel
Hi
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SORIE
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SORIE
it's 12
what is the function of sine with respect of cosine , graphically
tangent bruh
Steve
cosx.cos2x.cos4x.cos8x
sinx sin2x is linearly dependent
what is a reciprocal
The reciprocal of a number is 1 divided by a number. eg the reciprocal of 10 is 1/10 which is 0.1
Shemmy
Reciprocal is a pair of numbers that, when multiplied together, equal to 1. Example; the reciprocal of 3 is ⅓, because 3 multiplied by ⅓ is equal to 1
Jeza
each term in a sequence below is five times the previous term what is the eighth term in the sequence
I don't understand how radicals works pls
How look for the general solution of a trig function