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Algebraic

For the following exercises, find all solutions exactly on the interval 0 θ < 2 π .

2 sin θ = 2

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2 sin θ = 3

π 3 , 2 π 3

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2 cos θ = 2

3 π 4 , 5 π 4

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tan x = 1

π 4 , 5 π 4

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4 sin 2 x 2 = 0

π 4 , 3 π 4 , 5 π 4 , 7 π 4

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For the following exercises, solve exactly on [ 0 , 2 π ) .

2 cos θ = 2

π 4 , 7 π 4

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2 sin θ = −1

7 π 6 , 11 π 6

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2 sin θ = 3

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2 sin ( 3 θ ) = 1

π 18 , 5 π 18 , 13 π 18 , 17 π 18 , 25 π 18 , 29 π 18

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2 cos ( 3 θ ) = 2

3 π 12 , 5 π 12 , 11 π 12 , 13 π 12 , 19 π 12 , 21 π 12

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2 sin ( π θ ) = 1

1 6 , 5 6 , 13 6 , 17 6 , 25 6 , 29 6 , 37 6

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2 cos ( π 5 θ ) = 3

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For the following exercises, find all exact solutions on [ 0 , 2 π ) .

sec ( x ) sin ( x ) 2 sin ( x ) = 0

0 , π 3 , π , 5 π 3

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tan ( x ) 2 sin ( x ) tan ( x ) = 0

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2 cos 2 t + cos ( t ) = 1

π 3 , π , 5 π 3

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2 tan 2 ( t ) = 3 sec ( t )

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2 sin ( x ) cos ( x ) sin ( x ) + 2 cos ( x ) 1 = 0

π 3 , 3 π 2 , 5 π 3

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tan 2 ( x ) = 1 + 2 tan ( x )

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8 sin 2 ( x ) + 6 sin ( x ) + 1 = 0

π sin 1 ( 1 4 ) , 7 π 6 , 11 π 6 , 2 π + sin 1 ( 1 4 )

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For the following exercises, solve with the methods shown in this section exactly on the interval [ 0 , 2 π ) .

sin ( 3 x ) cos ( 6 x ) cos ( 3 x ) sin ( 6 x ) = −0.9

1 3 ( sin 1 ( 9 10 ) ) , π 3 1 3 ( sin 1 ( 9 10 ) ) , 2 π 3 + 1 3 ( sin 1 ( 9 10 ) ) , π 1 3 ( sin 1 ( 9 10 ) ) , 4 π 3 + 1 3 ( sin 1 ( 9 10 ) ) , 5 π 3 1 3 ( sin 1 ( 9 10 ) )

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sin ( 6 x ) cos ( 11 x ) cos ( 6 x ) sin ( 11 x ) = −0.1

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cos ( 2 x ) cos x + sin ( 2 x ) sin x = 1

0

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6 sin ( 2 t ) + 9 sin t = 0

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9 cos ( 2 θ ) = 9 cos 2 θ 4

π 6 , 5 π 6 , 7 π 6 , 11 π 6

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cos ( 2 t ) = sin t

3 π 2 , π 6 , 5 π 6

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cos ( 6 x ) cos ( 3 x ) = 0

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For the following exercises, solve exactly on the interval [ 0 , 2 π ) . Use the quadratic formula if the equations do not factor.

tan 2 x 3 tan x = 0

0 , π 3 , π , 4 π 3

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sin 2 x + sin x 2 = 0

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sin 2 x 2 sin x 4 = 0

There are no solutions.

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5 cos 2 x + 3 cos x 1 = 0

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3 cos 2 x 2 cos x 2 = 0

cos 1 ( 1 3 ( 1 7 ) ) , 2 π cos 1 ( 1 3 ( 1 7 ) )

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5 sin 2 x + 2 sin x 1 = 0

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tan 2 x + 5 tan x 1 = 0

tan 1 ( 1 2 ( 29 5 ) ) , π + tan 1 ( 1 2 ( 29 5 ) ) , π + tan 1 ( 1 2 ( 29 5 ) ) , 2 π + tan 1 ( 1 2 ( 29 5 ) )

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tan 2 x tan x 2 = 0

There are no solutions.

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For the following exercises, find exact solutions on the interval [ 0 , 2 π ) . Look for opportunities to use trigonometric identities.

sin 2 x cos 2 x sin x = 0

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sin 2 x + cos 2 x = 0

There are no solutions.

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sin ( 2 x ) sin x = 0

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cos ( 2 x ) cos x = 0

0 , 2 π 3 , 4 π 3

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2 tan x 2 sec 2 x sin 2 x = cos 2 x

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1 cos ( 2 x ) = 1 + cos ( 2 x )

π 4 , 3 π 4 , 5 π 4 , 7 π 4

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10 sin x cos x = 6 cos x

sin 1 ( 3 5 ) , π 2 , π sin 1 ( 3 5 ) , 3 π 2

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−3 sin t = 15 cos t sin t

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4 cos 2 x 4 = 15 cos x

cos 1 ( 1 4 ) , 2 π cos 1 ( 1 4 )

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8 sin 2 x + 6 sin x + 1 = 0

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8 cos 2 θ = 3 2 cos θ

π 3 , cos 1 ( 3 4 ) , 2 π cos 1 ( 3 4 ) , 5 π 3

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6 cos 2 x + 7 sin x 8 = 0

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12 sin 2 t + cos t 6 = 0

cos 1 ( 3 4 ) , cos 1 ( 2 3 ) , 2 π cos 1 ( 2 3 ) , 2 π cos 1 ( 3 4 )

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tan x = 3 sin x

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cos 3 t = cos t

0 , π 2 , π , 3 π 2

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Graphical

For the following exercises, algebraically determine all solutions of the trigonometric equation exactly, then verify the results by graphing the equation and finding the zeros.

6 sin 2 x 5 sin x + 1 = 0

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8 cos 2 x 2 cos x 1 = 0

π 3 , cos −1 ( 1 4 ) , 2 π cos −1 ( 1 4 ) , 5 π 3

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100 tan 2 x + 20 tan x 3 = 0

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2 cos 2 x cos x + 15 = 0

There are no solutions.

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20 sin 2 x 27 sin x + 7 = 0

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2 tan 2 x + 7 tan x + 6 = 0

π + tan −1 ( −2 ) , π + tan −1 ( 3 2 ) , 2 π + tan −1 ( −2 ) , 2 π + tan −1 ( 3 2 )

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130 tan 2 x + 69 tan x 130 = 0

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Technology

For the following exercises, use a calculator to find all solutions to four decimal places.

sin x = 0.27

2 π k + 0.2734 , 2 π k + 2.8682

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tan x = −0.34

π k 0.3277

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For the following exercises, solve the equations algebraically, and then use a calculator to find the values on the interval [ 0 , 2 π ) . Round to four decimal places.

tan 2 x + 3 tan x 3 = 0

0.6694 , 1.8287 , 3.8110 , 4.9703

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6 tan 2 x + 13 tan x = −6

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tan 2 x sec x = 1

1.0472 , 3.1416 , 5.2360

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sin 2 x 2 cos 2 x = 0

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2 tan 2 x + 9 tan x 6 = 0

0.5326 , 1.7648 , 3.6742 , 4.9064

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4 sin 2 x + sin ( 2 x ) sec x 3 = 0

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Extensions

For the following exercises, find all solutions exactly to the equations on the interval [ 0 , 2 π ) .

csc 2 x 3 csc x 4 = 0

sin 1 ( 1 4 ) , π sin 1 ( 1 4 ) , 3 π 2

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sin 2 x cos 2 x 1 = 0

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sin 2 x ( 1 sin 2 x ) + cos 2 x ( 1 sin 2 x ) = 0

π 2 , 3 π 2

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3 sec 2 x + 2 + sin 2 x tan 2 x + cos 2 x = 0

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sin 2 x 1 + 2 cos ( 2 x ) cos 2 x = 1

There are no solutions.

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tan 2 x 1 sec 3 x cos x = 0

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sin ( 2 x ) sec 2 x = 0

0 , π 2 , π , 3 π 2

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sin ( 2 x ) 2 csc 2 x = 0

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2 cos 2 x sin 2 x cos x 5 = 0

There are no solutions.

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1 sec 2 x + 2 + sin 2 x + 4 cos 2 x = 4

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Real-world applications

An airplane has only enough gas to fly to a city 200 miles northeast of its current location. If the pilot knows that the city is 25 miles north, how many degrees north of east should the airplane fly?

7.2

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If a loading ramp is placed next to a truck, at a height of 4 feet, and the ramp is 15 feet long, what angle does the ramp make with the ground?

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If a loading ramp is placed next to a truck, at a height of 2 feet, and the ramp is 20 feet long, what angle does the ramp make with the ground?

5.7

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A woman is watching a launched rocket currently 11 miles in altitude. If she is standing 4 miles from the launch pad, at what angle is she looking up from horizontal?

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An astronaut is in a launched rocket currently 15 miles in altitude. If a man is standing 2 miles from the launch pad, at what angle is she looking down at him from horizontal? (Hint: this is called the angle of depression.)

82.4

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A woman is standing 8 meters away from a 10-meter tall building. At what angle is she looking to the top of the building?

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A man is standing 10 meters away from a 6-meter tall building. Someone at the top of the building is looking down at him. At what angle is the person looking at him?

31.0

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A 20-foot tall building has a shadow that is 55 feet long. What is the angle of elevation of the sun?

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A 90-foot tall building has a shadow that is 2 feet long. What is the angle of elevation of the sun?

88.7

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A spotlight on the ground 3 meters from a 2-meter tall man casts a 6 meter shadow on a wall 6 meters from the man. At what angle is the light?

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A spotlight on the ground 3 feet from a 5-foot tall woman casts a 15-foot tall shadow on a wall 6 feet from the woman. At what angle is the light?

59.0

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For the following exercises, find a solution to the following word problem algebraically. Then use a calculator to verify the result. Round the answer to the nearest tenth of a degree.

A person does a handstand with his feet touching a wall and his hands 1.5 feet away from the wall. If the person is 6 feet tall, what angle do his feet make with the wall?

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A person does a handstand with her feet touching a wall and her hands 3 feet away from the wall. If the person is 5 feet tall, what angle do her feet make with the wall?

36.9

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A 23-foot ladder is positioned next to a house. If the ladder slips at 7 feet from the house when there is not enough traction, what angle should the ladder make with the ground to avoid slipping?

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Questions & Answers

can I get some pretty basic questions
Ama Reply
In what way does set notation relate to function notation
Ama
is precalculus needed to take caculus
Amara Reply
It depends on what you already know. Just test yourself with some precalculus questions. If you find them easy, you're good to go.
Spiro
the solution doesn't seem right for this problem
Mars Reply
what is the domain of f(x)=x-4/x^2-2x-15 then
Conney Reply
x is different from -5&3
Seid
how to prroved cos⁴x-sin⁴x= cos²x-sin²x are equal
jeric Reply
Don't think that you can.
Elliott
how do you provided cos⁴x-sin⁴x = cos²x-sin²x are equal
jeric Reply
What are the question marks for?
Elliott
Someone should please solve it for me Add 2over ×+3 +y-4 over 5 simplify (×+a)with square root of two -×root 2 all over a multiply 1over ×-y{(×-y)(×+y)} over ×y
Abena Reply
For the first question, I got (3y-2)/15 Second one, I got Root 2 Third one, I got 1/(y to the fourth power) I dont if it's right cause I can barely understand the question.
Is under distribute property, inverse function, algebra and addition and multiplication function; so is a combined question
Abena
find the equation of the line if m=3, and b=-2
Ashley Reply
graph the following linear equation using intercepts method. 2x+y=4
Ashley
how
Wargod
what?
John
ok, one moment
UriEl
how do I post your graph for you?
UriEl
it won't let me send an image?
UriEl
also for the first one... y=mx+b so.... y=3x-2
UriEl
y=mx+b you were already given the 'm' and 'b'. so.. y=3x-2
Tommy
Please were did you get y=mx+b from
Abena
y=mx+b is the formula of a straight line. where m = the slope & b = where the line crosses the y-axis. In this case, being that the "m" and "b", are given, all you have to do is plug them into the formula to complete the equation.
Tommy
thanks Tommy
Nimo
0=3x-2 2=3x x=3/2 then . y=3/2X-2 I think
Given
co ordinates for x x=0,(-2,0) x=1,(1,1) x=2,(2,4)
neil
"7"has an open circle and "10"has a filled in circle who can I have a set builder notation
Fiston Reply
x=-b+_Гb2-(4ac) ______________ 2a
Ahlicia Reply
I've run into this: x = r*cos(angle1 + angle2) Which expands to: x = r(cos(angle1)*cos(angle2) - sin(angle1)*sin(angle2)) The r value confuses me here, because distributing it makes: (r*cos(angle2))(cos(angle1) - (r*sin(angle2))(sin(angle1)) How does this make sense? Why does the r distribute once
Carlos Reply
so good
abdikarin
this is an identity when 2 adding two angles within a cosine. it's called the cosine sum formula. there is also a different formula when cosine has an angle minus another angle it's called the sum and difference formulas and they are under any list of trig identities
Brad
strategies to form the general term
carlmark
consider r(a+b) = ra + rb. The a and b are the trig identity.
Mike
How can you tell what type of parent function a graph is ?
Mary Reply
generally by how the graph looks and understanding what the base parent functions look like and perform on a graph
William
if you have a graphed line, you can have an idea by how the directions of the line turns, i.e. negative, positive, zero
William
y=x will obviously be a straight line with a zero slope
William
y=x^2 will have a parabolic line opening to positive infinity on both sides of the y axis vice versa with y=-x^2 you'll have both ends of the parabolic line pointing downward heading to negative infinity on both sides of the y axis
William
y=x will be a straight line, but it will have a slope of one. Remember, if y=1 then x=1, so for every unit you rise you move over positively one unit. To get a straight line with a slope of 0, set y=1 or any integer.
Aaron
yes, correction on my end, I meant slope of 1 instead of slope of 0
William
what is f(x)=
Karim Reply
I don't understand
Joe
Typically a function 'f' will take 'x' as input, and produce 'y' as output. As 'f(x)=y'. According to Google, "The range of a function is the complete set of all possible resulting values of the dependent variable (y, usually), after we have substituted the domain."
Thomas
Sorry, I don't know where the "Â"s came from. They shouldn't be there. Just ignore them. :-)
Thomas
GREAT ANSWER THOUGH!!!
Darius
Thanks.
Thomas
Â
Thomas
It is the  that should not be there. It doesn't seem to show if encloses in quotation marks. "Â" or 'Â' ... Â
Thomas
Now it shows, go figure?
Thomas
what is this?
unknown Reply
i do not understand anything
unknown
lol...it gets better
Darius
I've been struggling so much through all of this. my final is in four weeks 😭
Tiffany
this book is an excellent resource! have you guys ever looked at the online tutoring? there's one that is called "That Tutor Guy" and he goes over a lot of the concepts
Darius
thank you I have heard of him. I should check him out.
Tiffany
is there any question in particular?
Joe
I have always struggled with math. I get lost really easy, if you have any advice for that, it would help tremendously.
Tiffany
Sure, are you in high school or college?
Darius
Hi, apologies for the delayed response. I'm in college.
Tiffany
how to solve polynomial using a calculator
Ef Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Precalculus. OpenStax CNX. Jan 19, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11667/1.6
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