# 4.3 Fitting linear models to data  (Page 6/14)

 Page 6 / 14
$x$ $y$
4 44.8
5 43.1
6 38.8
7 39
8 38
9 32.7
10 30.1
11 29.3
12 27
13 25.8
 $x$ 21 25 30 31 40 50 $y$ 17 11 2 –1 –18 –40

$y=-\text{1}.\text{981}x+\text{6}0.\text{197;}$ $r=-0.\text{998}$

$x$ $y$
100 2000
80 1798
60 1589
55 1580
40 1390
20 1202
 $x$ 900 988 1000 1010 1200 1205 $y$ 70 80 82 84 105 108

$y=0.\text{121}x-38.841,r=0.998$

## Extensions

Graph $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)=0.5x+10.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Pick a set of five ordered pairs using inputs $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=-2,\text{1},\text{5},\text{6},\text{9}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and use linear regression to verify that the function is a good fit for the data.

Graph $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}f\left(x\right)=-2x-10.\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Pick a set of five ordered pairs using inputs $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}x=-2,\text{1},\text{5},\text{6},\text{9}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ and use linear regression to verify the function.

$\left(-2,-6\right),\left(1,\text{−12}\right),\left(5,-20\right),\left(6,\text{−22}\right),\left(9,\text{−28}\right);\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ Yes, the function is a good fit.

For the following exercises, consider this scenario: The profit of a company decreased steadily over a ten-year span. The following ordered pairs shows dollars and the number of units sold in hundreds and the profit in thousands of over the ten-year span, (number of units sold, profit) for specific recorded years:

$\left(\text{46},\text{1},600\right),\left(\text{48},\text{1},\text{55}0\right),\left(50,\text{1},505\right),\left(\text{52},\text{1},\text{54}0\right),\left(\text{54},\text{1},\text{495}\right).$

Use linear regression to determine a function $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}P\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ where the profit in thousands of dollars depends on the number of units sold in hundreds.

Find to the nearest tenth and interpret the x -intercept.

$\left(\text{189}.8,0\right)\text{\hspace{0.17em}}$ If 18,980 units are sold, the company will have a profit of zero dollars.

Find to the nearest tenth and interpret the y -intercept.

## Real-world applications

For the following exercises, consider this scenario: The population of a city increased steadily over a ten-year span. The following ordered pairs shows the population and the year over the ten-year span, (population, year) for specific recorded years:

$\left(\text{25}00,2000\right),\left(\text{265}0,2001\right),\left(3000,2003\right),\left(\text{35}00,2006\right),\left(\text{42}00,2010\right)$

Use linear regression to determine a function $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}y,$ where the year depends on the population. Round to three decimal places of accuracy.

$y=0.00587x+\text{1985}.4\text{1}$

Predict when the population will hit 8,000.

For the following exercises, consider this scenario: The profit of a company increased steadily over a ten-year span. The following ordered pairs show the number of units sold in hundreds and the profit in thousands of over the ten year span, (number of units sold, profit) for specific recorded years:

$\left(\text{46},\text{25}0\right),\left(\text{48},\text{3}05\right),\left(50,\text{35}0\right),\left(\text{52},\text{39}0\right),\left(\text{54},\text{41}0\right).$

Use linear regression to determine a function y , where the profit in thousands of dollars depends on the number of units sold in hundreds.

$y=\text{2}0.\text{25}x-\text{671}.\text{5}$

Predict when the profit will exceed one million dollars.

For the following exercises, consider this scenario: The profit of a company decreased steadily over a ten-year span. The following ordered pairs show dollars and the number of units sold in hundreds and the profit in thousands of over the ten-year span (number of units sold, profit) for specific recorded years:

$\left(\text{46},\text{25}0\right),\left(\text{48},\text{225}\right),\left(50,\text{2}05\right),\left(\text{52},\text{18}0\right),\left(\text{54},\text{165}\right).$

Use linear regression to determine a function y , where the profit in thousands of dollars depends on the number of units sold in hundreds.

$y=-\text{1}0.\text{75}x+\text{742}.\text{5}0$

Predict when the profit will dip below the $25,000 threshold. ## Chapter review exercises ## Linear Functions Determine whether the algebraic equation is linear. $\text{\hspace{0.17em}}2x+3y=7$ Yes #### Questions & Answers By the definition, is such that 0!=1.why? Unikpel Reply (1+cosA+IsinA)(1+cosB+isinB)/(cos@+isin@)(cos$+isin\$)
hatdog
Mark
how we can draw three triangles of distinctly different shapes. All the angles will be cutt off each triangle and placed side by side with vertices touching
bsc F. y algebra and trigonometry pepper 2
given that x= 3/5 find sin 3x
4
DB
remove any signs and collect terms of -2(8a-3b-c)
-16a+6b+2c
Will
is that a real answer
Joeval
(x2-2x+8)-4(x2-3x+5)
sorry
Miranda
x²-2x+9-4x²+12x-20 -3x²+10x+11
Miranda
x²-2x+9-4x²+12x-20 -3x²+10x+11
Miranda
(X2-2X+8)-4(X2-3X+5)=0 ?
master
The anwser is imaginary number if you want to know The anwser of the expression you must arrange The expression and use quadratic formula To find the answer
master
The anwser is imaginary number if you want to know The anwser of the expression you must arrange The expression and use quadratic formula To find the answer
master
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master
X2-2X+8-4X2+12X-20=0 (X2-4X2)+(-2X+12X)+(-20+8)= 0 -3X2+10X-12=0 3X2-10X+12=0 Use quadratic formula To find the answer answer (5±Root11i)/3
master
Soo sorry (5±Root11* i)/3
master
x2-2x+8-4x2+12x-20 x2-4x2-2x+12x+8-20 -3x2+10x-12 now you can find the answer using quadratic
Mukhtar
2x²-6x+1=0
Ife
explain and give four example of hyperbolic function
What is the correct rational algebraic expression of the given "a fraction whose denominator is 10 more than the numerator y?
y/y+10
Mr
Find nth derivative of eax sin (bx + c).
Find area common to the parabola y2 = 4ax and x2 = 4ay.
Anurag
y2=4ax= y=4ax/2. y=2ax
akash
A rectangular garden is 25ft wide. if its area is 1125ft, what is the length of the garden
to find the length I divide the area by the wide wich means 1125ft/25ft=45
Miranda
thanks
Jhovie
What do you call a relation where each element in the domain is related to only one value in the range by some rules?
A banana.
Yaona
a function
Daniel
a function
emmanuel
given 4cot thither +3=0and 0°<thither <180° use a sketch to determine the value of the following a)cos thither
what are you up to?
nothing up todat yet
Miranda
hi
jai
hello
jai
Miranda Drice
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jai
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Miranda
I am living in india
jai
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Miranda
what is the formula for calculating algebraic
I think the formula for calculating algebraic is the statement of the equality of two expression stimulate by a set of addition, multiplication, soustraction, division, raising to a power and extraction of Root. U believe by having those in the equation you will be in measure to calculate it
Miranda