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Anh-Hue Thi Tu (Senior Reviewer), Georgia Southwestern State University
Dr. Anh-Hue Tu (born in Saigon, Vietnam) earned a BS in Chemistry from Baylor University and a PhD in Medical Sciences from Texas A&M Health Science Center. At the University of Alabama–Birmingham, she completed postdoctoral appointments in the areas of transcriptional regulation in Escherichia coli and characterization of virulence factors in Streptococcus pneumoniae and then became a research assistant professor working in the field of mycoplasmology. In 2004, Dr. Tu joined Georgia Southwestern State University where she currently serves as Professor, teaching various biology courses and overseeing undergraduate student research. Her areas of research interest include gene regulation, bacterial genetics, and molecular biology. Dr. Tu's teaching philosophy is to instill in her students the love of science by using critical thinking. As a teacher, she believes it is important to take technical information and express it in a way that is understandable to any student.

Brian M. Forster, Saint Joseph's University
Dr. Brian M. Forster received his BS in Biology from Binghamton University and his PhD in Microbiology from Cornell University. In 2011, he joined the faculty of Saint Joseph’s University. Dr. Forster is the laboratory coordinator for the natural science laboratory-based classes designed for students who are not science majors. He teaches courses in general biology, heredity and evolution, environmental science, and microbiology for students wishing to enter nursing or allied health programs. He has publications in the Journal of Bacteriology , the Journal of Microbiology&Biology Education and Tested Studies for Laboratory Education (ABLE Proceedings).

Philip Lister, Central New Mexico Community College
Dr. Philip Lister earned his BS in Microbiology (1986) from Kansas State University and PhD in Medical Microbiology (1992) from Creighton University. He was a Professor of Medical Microbiology and Immunology at Creighton University (1994-2011), with appointments in the Schools of Medicine and Pharmacy. He also served as Associate Director of the Center for Research in Anti-Infectives and Biotechnology. He has published research articles, reviews, and book chapters related to antimicrobial resistance and pharmacodynamics, and has served as an Editor for the Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy . He is currently serving as Chair of Biology and Biotechnology at Central New Mexico Community College.

Contributing authors

Summer Allen, Brown University
Ann Auman, Pacific Lutheran University
Graciela Brelles-Mariño, Universidad Nacional de la Plata
Myriam Alhadeff Feldman, Lake Washington Institute of Technology
Paul Flowers, University of North Carolina–Pembroke
Clifton Franklund, Ferris State University
Ann Paterson, Williams Baptist University
George Pinchuk, Mississippi University for Women
Ben Rowley, University of Central Arkansas
Mark Sutherland, Hendrix College

Reviewers

Michael Angell, Eastern Michigan University
Roberto Anitori, Clark College
James Bader, Case Western Reserve University
Amy Beumer, College of William and Mary
Gilles Bolduc, Massasoit Community College
Susan Bornstein-Forst, Marian University
Nancy Boury, Iowa State University
Jennifer Brigati, Maryville College
Harold Bull, University of Saskatchewan
Evan Burkala, Oklahoma State University
Bernadette Connors, Dominican College
Richard J. Cristiano, Houston Community College–Northwest
AnnMarie DelliPizzi, Dominican College
Elisa M. LaBeau DiMenna, Central New Mexico Community College
Diane Dixon, Southeastern Oklahoma State University
Randy Durren, Longwood University
Elizabeth A. B. Emmert, Salisbury University
Karen Frederick, Marygrove College
Sharon Gusky, Northwestern Connecticut Community College
Deborah V. Harbour, College of Southern Nevada
Randall Harris, William Carey University
Diane Hartman, Baylor University
Angela Hartsock, University of Akron
Nazanin Zarabadi Hebel, Houston Community College
Heather Klenovich, Community College of Alleghany County
Kathleen Lavoie, Plattsburgh State University
Toby Mapes, Blue Ridge Community College
Barry Margulies, Towson University
Kevin M. McCabe, Columbia Gorge Community College
Karin A. Melkonian, Long Island University
Jennifer Metzler, Ball State University
Ellyn R. Mulcahy, Johnson County Community College
Jonas Okeagu, Fayetteville State University
Randall Kevin Pegg, Florida State College–Jacksonville
Judy Penn, Shoreline Community College
Lalitha Ramamoorthy, Marian University
Drew Rholl, North Park University
Hilda Rodriguez, Miami Dade College
Sean Rollins, Fitchburg State University
Sameera Sayeed, University of Pittsburgh
Pramila Sen, Houston Community College
Brian Róbert Shmaefsky, Kingwood College
Janie Sigmon, York Technical College
Denise Signorelli, College of Southern Nevada
Molly Smith, South Georgia State College–Waycross
Paula Steiert, Southwest Baptist University
Robert Sullivan, Fairfield University
Suzanne Wakim, Butte Community College
Anne Weston, Francis Crick Institute
Valencia L. Williams, West Coast University
James Wise, Chowan State University
Virginia Young, Mercer University

Questions & Answers

what is lactose
adekanbi Reply
codomint marker such as RELP are useful for
Nandan Reply
how this process start
Radhika Reply
deffination of staining
Bhavanimangali Reply
It's using dies to differentiate microorganism
shalon
Staining can be defined as a process of using stains or dye to differentiate microorganisms in an environment or habitat.
adeolu
with the aid of a well labeled diagram describe the conducting system
Maridad Reply
what is cellular immunity
namugenyi Reply
Cellular Immunity. -Lymphocytes act against target cell. -Acts directly by killing infected cells.
abdinor
What are NK cells
Peter
Natural killer cells
Rahaba
what are Antigen determinant
mary
cellular immunity is the state where the lymphocytes destroy the infected or targeted cell
cynthia
any examples of oedema
cynthia
introduction of microbial diversity-1
Bhavanimangali Reply
List the type of micro organism arround us and how they can be seen and with what kind of instrument
clinton Reply
how is the arrangements of bacteria in bacilli
Vaidah Reply
Provide some examples of bacterial structures that might be used as antibiotic targets and explain why.
Vaidah
Coccobacilli, Club-Shaped bacilli, Bacilli with rounded ends, Fuilform bacilli, Bacilli with ends square.
Enoch
three main antibiotic targets in bacteria: The cell wall or membranes that surrounds the bacterial cell. The machineries that make the nucleic acids DNA and RNA. The machinery that produce proteins
Rushikesh
The bacterial cell wall. Protein production. and DNA synthesis. Why, this is because most drugs (antibiotics) affects the cell wall of the bacteria, which makes the bacteria weak or susceptible in human body.
Enoch
UV rays affecting the..
Mali Reply
what is microbiology
Baba Reply
Microbiology is the study of microorganisms, which are prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell which includes bacteria, fungi, viruses and pathogenic protozoa.
Enoch
Microbiology is the branch of Life science which deals with scientific study of many Microorganisms.
Rushikesh
what is types of microbiology
Alsheikh
Immunology, Bacteriology, Virology, Mycology, Algology etc
Enoch
Virology, Immunology, Bacteriology, Algology, Mycology, Protoozology etc
Enoch
and what is mycology
Alsheikh
Immunology, Serology, Virology, Microbial Genetics, Parasitology, Bacteriology, Mycology, Molecular, Cell Biology, Agricultural, Water,Soil, Food Industrial ,Pharmaceutical, Applied, Environmental, Clinical, Medical,Marine Microbiology, Microbial Systematics, Etc, are & many types of Microbiology.
Rushikesh
study of fungi is called mycology
Munna
Mycology is the branch of Microbiology which deals with scientific study of Fungi.
Rushikesh
Study of microorganisms,which we can't see with our naked eye is called microbiology
Munna
Mycology is the scientific study of Fungi.
Enoch
virology is the study of viruses
Oppah
what is microbiology? microbiology is the study of small microorganisms that we can not with our naked eyes.
Leticia
what is taxonomical classification of microbiology
Bami
The algae, protozoa, slime moulds, fungi, bacteria, archaea and viruses ,are taxonomic classification of Microorganisms
Rushikesh
We have Bacteria, Archaea, Protozoa, Algae, Fungi, Viruses.
Enoch
microbiology is the study of microbes too small to be seen by naked eyes
Maridad
microbiology is a branch of biology which deals with study of smallest living microrganisms such as bacteria protozoa fungi and viruses
Chaitra
microbiology is the study of microorganisms which can't be seen by our naked eyes
Nakaweesi
Micro - Minute Bio - Life Logus - Study
Roshan
what is the meaning of antimicrobial susceptibility testing
Devshree Reply
seven gram positive bacteria
Okocha Reply
seven examples of gram negative bacteria
Okocha
seven examples of gram negative bacteria
Okocha
Physical conditions that would enable selective Isolation of staphylococcus epidermis
shongile Reply
Nutritional requirements that would enable selective Isolation of staphylococcus epidermis
shongile
Nutritional requirements that would enable selective Isolation of staphylococcus epidermis
shongile
what is constant flux but
Jane Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Microbiology. OpenStax CNX. Nov 01, 2016 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col12087/1.4
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