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Section exercises

Verbal

Explain why we can always evaluate the determinant of a square matrix.

A determinant is the sum and products of the entries in the matrix, so you can always evaluate that product—even if it does end up being 0.

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Examining Cramer’s Rule, explain why there is no unique solution to the system when the determinant of your matrix is 0. For simplicity, use a 2 × 2 matrix.

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Explain what it means in terms of an inverse for a matrix to have a 0 determinant.

The inverse does not exist.

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The determinant of 2 × 2 matrix A is 3. If you switch the rows and multiply the first row by 6 and the second row by 2, explain how to find the determinant and provide the answer.

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Algebraic

For the following exercises, find the determinant.

| 2 3 3.1 4 , 000 |

7 , 990.7

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| 1.1 0.6 7.2 0.5 |

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| 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 3 |

3

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| 1 4 0 0 2 3 0 0 3 |

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| 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 |

1

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| 2 3 1 3 4 1 5 6 1 |

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| 2 1 4 4 2 8 2 8 3 |

224

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| 6 1 2 4 3 5 1 9 1 |

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| 5 1 1 2 3 1 3 6 3 |

15

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| 1.1 2 1 4 0 0 4.1 0.4 2.5 |

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| 2 1.6 3.1 1.1 3 8 9.3 0 2 |

17.03

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| 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 5 1 6 1 7 0 0 1 8 |

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For the following exercises, solve the system of linear equations using Cramer’s Rule.

2 x 3 y = −1 4 x + 5 y = 9

( 1 , 1 )

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5 x 4 y = 2 4 x + 7 y = 6

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   6 x 3 y = 2 8 x + 9 y = −1

( 1 2 , 1 3 )

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2 x + 6 y = 12 5 x 2 y = 13

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4 x + 3 y = 23    2 x y = −1

( 2 , 5 )

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10 x 6 y = 2 5 x + 8 y = −1

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4 x 3 y = −3 2 x + 6 y = −4

( 1 , 1 3 )

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4 x 5 y = 7 3 x + 9 y = 0

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4 x + 10 y = 180 3 x 5 y = −105

( 15 , 12 )

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   8 x 2 y = −3 4 x + 6 y = 4

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For the following exercises, solve the system of linear equations using Cramer’s Rule.

     x + 2 y 4 z = 1    7 x + 3 y + 5 z = 26 2 x 6 y + 7 z = 6

( 1 , 3 , 2 )

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5 x + 2 y 4 z = 47      4 x 3 y z = 94     3 x 3 y + 2 z = 94

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     4 x + 5 y z = −7 −2 x 9 y + 2 z = 8            5 y + 7 z = 21

( 1 , 0 , 3 )

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4 x 3 y + 4 z = 10 5 x 2 z = 2 3 x + 2 y 5 z = 9

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4 x 2 y + 3 z = 6       6 x + y = 2 2 x + 7 y + 8 z = 24

( 1 2 , 1 , 2 )

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5 x + 2 y z = 1 7 x 8 y + 3 z = 1.5 6 x 12 y + z = 7

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   13 x 17 y + 16 z = 73 11 x + 15 y + 17 z = 61    46 x + 10 y 30 z = 18

( 2 , 1 , 4 )

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4 x 3 y 8 z = 7    2 x 9 y + 5 z = 0.5    5 x 6 y 5 z = 2

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   4 x 6 y + 8 z = 10 2 x + 3 y 4 z = 5           x + y + z = 1

Infinite solutions

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4 x 6 y + 8 z = 10 2 x + 3 y 4 z = 5 12 x + 18 y 24 z = 30

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Technology

For the following exercises, use the determinant function on a graphing utility.

| 1 0 8 9 0 2 1 0 1 0 3 0 0 2 4 3 |

24

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| 1 0 2 1 0 −9 1 3 3 0 −2 −1 0 1 1 −2 |

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| 1 2 1 7 4 0 1 2 100 5 0 0 2 2,000 0 0 0 2 |

1

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| 1 0 0 0 2 3 0 0 4 5 6 0 7 8 9 0 |

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Real-world applications

For the following exercises, create a system of linear equations to describe the behavior. Then, calculate the determinant. Will there be a unique solution? If so, find the unique solution.

Two numbers add up to 56. One number is 20 less than the other.

Yes; 18, 38

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Two numbers add up to 104. If you add two times the first number plus two times the second number, your total is 208

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Three numbers add up to 106. The first number is 3 less than the second number. The third number is 4 more than the first number.

Yes; 33, 36, 37

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Three numbers add to 216. The sum of the first two numbers is 112. The third number is 8 less than the first two numbers combined.

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For the following exercises, create a system of linear equations to describe the behavior. Then, solve the system for all solutions using Cramer’s Rule.

You invest $10,000 into two accounts, which receive 8% interest and 5% interest. At the end of a year, you had $10,710 in your combined accounts. How much was invested in each account?

$7,000 in first account, $3,000 in second account.

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Questions & Answers

what is functions?
Angel Reply
A mathematical relation such that every input has only one out.
Spiro
yes..it is a relationo of orders pairs of sets one or more input that leads to a exactly one output.
Mubita
Is a rule that assigns to each element X in a set A exactly one element, called F(x), in a set B.
RichieRich
If the plane intersects the cone (either above or below) horizontally, what figure will be created?
Feemark Reply
can you not take the square root of a negative number
Sharon Reply
No because a negative times a negative is a positive. No matter what you do you can never multiply the same number by itself and end with a negative
lurverkitten
Actually you can. you get what's called an Imaginary number denoted by i which is represented on the complex plane. The reply above would be correct if we were still confined to the "real" number line.
Liam
Suppose P= {-3,1,3} Q={-3,-2-1} and R= {-2,2,3}.what is the intersection
Elaine Reply
can I get some pretty basic questions
Ama Reply
In what way does set notation relate to function notation
Ama
is precalculus needed to take caculus
Amara Reply
It depends on what you already know. Just test yourself with some precalculus questions. If you find them easy, you're good to go.
Spiro
the solution doesn't seem right for this problem
Mars Reply
what is the domain of f(x)=x-4/x^2-2x-15 then
Conney Reply
x is different from -5&3
Seid
All real x except 5 and - 3
Spiro
***youtu.be/ESxOXfh2Poc
Loree
how to prroved cos⁴x-sin⁴x= cos²x-sin²x are equal
jeric Reply
Don't think that you can.
Elliott
By using some imaginary no.
Tanmay
how do you provided cos⁴x-sin⁴x = cos²x-sin²x are equal
jeric Reply
What are the question marks for?
Elliott
Someone should please solve it for me Add 2over ×+3 +y-4 over 5 simplify (×+a)with square root of two -×root 2 all over a multiply 1over ×-y{(×-y)(×+y)} over ×y
Abena Reply
For the first question, I got (3y-2)/15 Second one, I got Root 2 Third one, I got 1/(y to the fourth power) I dont if it's right cause I can barely understand the question.
Is under distribute property, inverse function, algebra and addition and multiplication function; so is a combined question
Abena
find the equation of the line if m=3, and b=-2
Ashley Reply
graph the following linear equation using intercepts method. 2x+y=4
Ashley
how
Wargod
what?
John
ok, one moment
UriEl
how do I post your graph for you?
UriEl
it won't let me send an image?
UriEl
also for the first one... y=mx+b so.... y=3x-2
UriEl
y=mx+b you were already given the 'm' and 'b'. so.. y=3x-2
Tommy
Please were did you get y=mx+b from
Abena
y=mx+b is the formula of a straight line. where m = the slope & b = where the line crosses the y-axis. In this case, being that the "m" and "b", are given, all you have to do is plug them into the formula to complete the equation.
Tommy
thanks Tommy
Nimo
0=3x-2 2=3x x=3/2 then . y=3/2X-2 I think
Given
co ordinates for x x=0,(-2,0) x=1,(1,1) x=2,(2,4)
neil
"7"has an open circle and "10"has a filled in circle who can I have a set builder notation
Fiston Reply
Where do the rays point?
Spiro
x=-b+_Гb2-(4ac) ______________ 2a
Ahlicia Reply
I've run into this: x = r*cos(angle1 + angle2) Which expands to: x = r(cos(angle1)*cos(angle2) - sin(angle1)*sin(angle2)) The r value confuses me here, because distributing it makes: (r*cos(angle2))(cos(angle1) - (r*sin(angle2))(sin(angle1)) How does this make sense? Why does the r distribute once
Carlos Reply
so good
abdikarin
this is an identity when 2 adding two angles within a cosine. it's called the cosine sum formula. there is also a different formula when cosine has an angle minus another angle it's called the sum and difference formulas and they are under any list of trig identities
Brad
strategies to form the general term
carlmark
consider r(a+b) = ra + rb. The a and b are the trig identity.
Mike
Practice Key Terms 2

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Source:  OpenStax, Precalculus. OpenStax CNX. Jan 19, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11667/1.6
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