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Section summary

  • The relationship among the speed of propagation, wavelength, and frequency for any wave is given by v W = size 12{v rSub { size 8{W} } =fλ} {} , so that for electromagnetic waves,
    c = , size 12{c = fλ} {}
    where f size 12{f} {} is the frequency, λ size 12{λ} {} is the wavelength, and c size 12{c} {} is the speed of light.
  • The electromagnetic spectrum is separated into many categories and subcategories, based on the frequency and wavelength, source, and uses of the electromagnetic waves.
  • Any electromagnetic wave produced by currents in wires is classified as a radio wave, the lowest frequency electromagnetic waves. Radio waves are divided into many types, depending on their applications, ranging up to microwaves at their highest frequencies.
  • Infrared radiation lies below visible light in frequency and is produced by thermal motion and the vibration and rotation of atoms and molecules. Infrared’s lower frequencies overlap with the highest-frequency microwaves.
  • Visible light is largely produced by electronic transitions in atoms and molecules, and is defined as being detectable by the human eye. Its colors vary with frequency, from red at the lowest to violet at the highest.
  • Ultraviolet radiation starts with frequencies just above violet in the visible range and is produced primarily by electronic transitions in atoms and molecules.
  • X-rays are created in high-voltage discharges and by electron bombardment of metal targets. Their lowest frequencies overlap the ultraviolet range but extend to much higher values, overlapping at the high end with gamma rays.
  • Gamma rays are nuclear in origin and are defined to include the highest-frequency electromagnetic radiation of any type.

Conceptual questions

If you live in a region that has a particular TV station, you can sometimes pick up some of its audio portion on your FM radio receiver. Explain how this is possible. Does it imply that TV audio is broadcast as FM?

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Explain why people who have the lens of their eye removed because of cataracts are able to see low-frequency ultraviolet.

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How do fluorescent soap residues make clothing look “brighter and whiter” in outdoor light? Would this be effective in candlelight?

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Give an example of resonance in the reception of electromagnetic waves.

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Illustrate that the size of details of an object that can be detected with electromagnetic waves is related to their wavelength, by comparing details observable with two different types (for example, radar and visible light or infrared and X-rays).

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Why don’t buildings block radio waves as completely as they do visible light?

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Make a list of some everyday objects and decide whether they are transparent or opaque to each of the types of electromagnetic waves.

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Your friend says that more patterns and colors can be seen on the wings of birds if viewed in ultraviolet light. Would you agree with your friend? Explain your answer.

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The rate at which information can be transmitted on an electromagnetic wave is proportional to the frequency of the wave. Is this consistent with the fact that laser telephone transmission at visible frequencies carries far more conversations per optical fiber than conventional electronic transmission in a wire? What is the implication for ELF radio communication with submarines?

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Questions & Answers

where are mcq?
wald Reply
Please what is the meaning of mcq
Appiah
what is static on its own
Aniedi Reply
where is the position of distance
AHMED Reply
what is physics
Mbaba Reply
calculate the angular displacement for an object which completes five revolutions
Bisalom Reply
I need someone to explain how white light disperses to form the "ROYGBIV".
Dera Reply
when it pass through a glass prism through a process called dispersion of light
Mahmud
What is an atom
Sulaimon Reply
An atom is the smallest indivisible particle of an element
Dera
When a toilet is flushed or a sink is drained, the water (and other material) begins to rotate about the drain on the way down. Assuming no initial rotation and a flow initially directly straight toward the drain, explain what causes the rotation and which direction it has in the northern hemisphere.
Collin Reply
find the change in entropy of a 2.00 kg block of gold at 1063^0C when it meets to become liquid gold at 1063^0C
precious Reply
if you are asked to make a very sensitive thermometer which of the following fluids would you choose
precious
between mercy and gasoline
precious
it good to use mercury because mercury does not wet glass and it does not evaporate easily
Desmond
0
firdaus
SFAR Sifar SIFAT -<SIFST
firdaus
how many particles are in 2 moles of chromium
Mario Reply
if so use the normal formula number of atom= number of particle/Avogadro's number
Aki
n= np/avogadtos constant. therefore n= 24/ 6.022×10²³
albert
24÷6.022×10²³
albert
@Albert is wrong
Aki
when you cross multiple it should give you Number of particles= mole*Avogadro's number X=2m*6.022*10^²³ X=1.20*10²⁴g
Aki
1.204×10^-22
Maame
please what is final velocity and initial velocity
Nonso Reply
don't know
Ekene
what do you want to become in future
Ekene
Y ar u asking pls
Nonso
I think initial velocity is the velocity that the mobile starts with at the start time (t=0s) but I don't think I heard abt final velocity
Malak
Malak where are you now I need to learn more from you
Ekene
initial velocity is the velocity an object possess at it intial position or is the starting velocity, while a final velocity is the velocity an object or body possess at it final stage or at the end of it motion
Mubarak
Bohr is kimia, of toksid, cloud, tree have cloud, tree, river but small from toksid fish or another.
firdaus Reply
Heavy, heavy kehidupan susah, kekayaan, berlambak, bergumpul. Dikenali.
firdaus Reply
Gravitional, Gravitional mean kehidup seseorang. Kehidupan bumi, kehidupan muka bumi, kehidupan dalam longitude, kehidupan dalam momentom, kehidupan dalam mongitude. Kehidupan dalam Pelajaran, mean Pelajar kolej.
firdaus
Nonconservative. Sains belajar
firdaus
hello
LFX
what are the types of kinetics
pawi Reply
what is torque pls
Sunday Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, College physics. OpenStax CNX. Jul 27, 2015 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11406/1.9
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