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Is the work required to accelerate a rod from rest to a speed v in a magnetic field greater than the final kinetic energy of the rod? Why?
The work is greater than the kinetic energy because it takes energy to counteract the induced emf.
The copper sheet shown below is partially in a magnetic field. When it is pulled to the right, a resisting force pulls it to the left. Explain. What happen if the sheet is pushed to the left?
Calculate the induced electric field in a 50-turn coil with a diameter of 15 cm that is placed in a spatially uniform magnetic field of magnitude 0.50 T so that the face of the coil and the magnetic field are perpendicular. This magnetic field is reduced to zero in 0.10 seconds. Assume that the magnetic field is cylindrically symmetric with respect to the central axis of the coil.
4.67 V/m
The magnetic field through a circular loop of radius 10.0 cm varies with time as shown in the accompanying figure. The field is perpendicular to the loop. Assuming cylindrical symmetry with respect to the central axis of the loop, plot the induced electric field in the loop as a function of time.
The current I through a long solenoid with n turns per meter and radius R is changing with time as given by dI / dt . Calculate the induced electric field as a function of distance r from the central axis of the solenoid.
Inside, $B={\mu}_{0}nI\text{,}\phantom{\rule{0.5em}{0ex}}{\displaystyle \oint \overrightarrow{E}\xb7d\overrightarrow{l}=\left(\pi {r}^{2}\right)}{\mu}_{0}n\frac{dI}{dt},$ so, $E=\frac{{\mu}_{0}nr}{2}\xb7\frac{dI}{dt}$ (inside). Outside, $E\left(2\pi r\right)=\pi {R}^{2}{\mu}_{0}n\frac{dI}{dt},$ so, $E=\frac{{\mu}_{0}n{R}^{2}}{2r}\xb7\frac{dI}{dt}$ (outside)
Calculate the electric field induced both inside and outside the solenoid of the preceding problem if $I={I}_{0}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{sin}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\omega t.$
Over a region of radius R , there is a spatially uniform magnetic field $\overrightarrow{B}.$ (See below.) At $t=0$ , $B=1.0\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{T,}$ after which it decreases at a constant rate to zero in 30 s. (a) What is the electric field in the regions where $r\le R$ and $r\ge R$ during that 30-s interval? (b) Assume that $R=10.0\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{cm}$ . How much work is done by the electric field on a proton that is carried once clock wise around a circular path of radius 5.0 cm? (c) How much work is done by the electric field on a proton that is carried once counterclockwise around a circular path of any radius $r\ge R$ ? (d) At the instant when $B=0.50\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{T}$ , a proton enters the magnetic field at A , moving a velocity $\overrightarrow{v}$ $\left(v=5.0\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\times \phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{10}^{6}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{m}\text{/}\text{s}\right)$ as shown. What are the electric and magnetic forces on the proton at that instant?
a. ${E}_{\text{inside}}=\frac{r}{2}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{dB}{dt}$ , ${E}_{\text{outside}}=\frac{{r}^{2}}{2R}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{dB}{dt}$ ; b. $W=4.19\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\times \phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{10}^{\mathrm{-23}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{J}$ ; c. 0 J; d. ${F}_{\text{mag}}=4\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\times \phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{10}^{\mathrm{-13}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{N},$ ${F}_{\text{elec}}=2.7\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\times \phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{10}^{\mathrm{-22}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{N}$
The magnetic field at all points within the cylindrical region whose cross-section is indicated in the accompanying figure starts at 1.0 T and decreases uniformly to zero in 20 s. What is the electric field (both magnitude and direction) as a function of r , the distance from the geometric center of the region?
The current in a long solenoid of radius 3 cm is varied with time at a rate of 2 A/s. A circular loop of wire of radius 5 cm and resistance $2\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{\Omega}$ surrounds the solenoid. Find the electrical current induced in the loop.
$7.1\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\mu \text{A}$
The current in a long solenoid of radius 3 cm and 20 turns/cm is varied with time at a rate of 2 A/s. Find the electric field at a distance of 4 cm from the center of the solenoid.
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