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A man consumes 3000 kcal of food in one day, converting most of it to thermal energy to maintain body temperature. If he loses half this energy by evaporating water (through breathing and sweating), how many kilograms of water evaporate?

2.59 kg

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A firewalker runs across a bed of hot coals without sustaining burns. Calculate the heat transferred by conduction into the sole of one foot of a firewalker given that the bottom of the foot is a 3.00-mm-thick callus with a conductivity at the low end of the range for wood and its density is 300 kg/m 3 . The area of contact is 25.0 cm 2 , the temperature of the coals is 700 ° C , and the time in contact is 1.00 s. Ignore the evaporative cooling of sweat.

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(a) What is the rate of heat conduction through the 3.00-cm-thick fur of a large animal having a 1.40 -m 2 surface area? Assume that the animal’s skin temperature is 32.0 ° C , that the air temperature is −5.00 ° C , and that fur has the same thermal conductivity as air. (b) What food intake will the animal need in one day to replace this heat transfer?

a. 39.7 W; b. 820 kcal

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A walrus transfers energy by conduction through its blubber at the rate of 150 W when immersed in −1.00 ° C water. The walrus’s internal core temperature is 37.0 ° C , and it has a surface area of 2.00 m 2 . What is the average thickness of its blubber, which has the conductivity of fatty tissues without blood?

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Compare the rate of heat conduction through a 13.0-cm-thick wall that has an area of 10.0 m 2 and a thermal conductivity twice that of glass wool with the rate of heat conduction through a 0.750-cm-thick window that has an area of 2.00 m 2 , assuming the same temperature difference across each.

Q t = k A ( T 2 T 1 ) d , so that
( Q / t ) wall ( Q / t ) window = k wall A wall d window k window A window d wall = ( 2 × 0.042 J/s · m · ° C ) ( 10.0 m 2 ) ( 0.750 × 10 −2 m ) ( 0.84 J/s · m · ° C ) ( 2.00 m 2 ) ( 13.0 × 10 −2 m )
This gives 0.0288 wall: window, or 35:1 window: wall

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Suppose a person is covered head to foot by wool clothing with average thickness of 2.00 cm and is transferring energy by conduction through the clothing at the rate of 50.0 W. What is the temperature difference across the clothing, given the surface area is 1.40 m 2 ?

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Some stove tops are smooth ceramic for easy cleaning. If the ceramic is 0.600 cm thick and heat conduction occurs through the same area and at the same rate as computed in [link] , what is the temperature difference across it? Ceramic has the same thermal conductivity as glass and brick.

Q t = k A ( T 2 T 1 ) d = k A Δ T d
Δ T = d ( Q / t ) k A = ( 6.00 × 10 −3 m ) ( 2256 W ) ( 0.84 J/s · m · ° C ) ( 1.54 × 10 −2 m 2 ) = 1046 ° C = 1.05 × 10 3 K

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One easy way to reduce heating (and cooling) costs is to add extra insulation in the attic of a house. Suppose a single-story cubical house already had 15 cm of fiberglass insulation in the attic and in all the exterior surfaces. If you added an extra 8.0 cm of fiberglass to the attic, by what percentage would the heating cost of the house drop? Take the house to have dimensions 10 m by 15 m by 3.0 m. Ignore air infiltration and heat loss through windows and doors, and assume that the interior is uniformly at one temperature and the exterior is uniformly at another.

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Questions & Answers

what are waves
KENNETH Reply
In physics, mathematics, and related fields, a wave is a propagating dynamic disturbance (change from equilibrium) of one or more quantities
Abdikadir
Discuss how would orient a planar surface of area A in a uniform electric field of magnitude E0 to obtain (a) the maximum flux and (b) the minimum flux through the area.
KARAN Reply
I'm just doing the first 3 with this message. but thankyou for the time your obviously intending to support us with. viva la accumulation
Marcel
Find the net capacitance of the combination of series and parallel capacitors shown belo
jean Reply
what is ohm?
Sharafat Reply
calculate ideal gas pressure of 0.300mol,v=2L T=40°c
Viola Reply
what is principle of superposition
Jyoti Reply
what are questions that are likely to come out during exam
King Reply
what is electricity
Jyoti Reply
watt is electricity.
Adam
electricity ka full definition with formula
Jyoti
If a point charge is released from rest in a uniform electric field will it follow a field line? Will it do so if the electric field is not uniform?
Sadaqat Reply
Maxwell's stress tensor is
Ami Reply
Yes
doris
neither vector nor scalar
Anil
if 6.0×10^13 electrons are placed on a metal sphere of charge 9.0micro Coulombs, what is the net charge on the sphere
Rita Reply
18.51micro Coulombs
ASHOK
Is it possible to find the magnetic field of a circular loop at the centre by using ampere's law?
Rb Reply
Is it possible to find the magnetic field of a circular loop at it's centre?
Rb Reply
yes
Brother
The density of a gas of relative molecular mass 28 at a certain temperature is 0.90 K kgmcube.The root mean square speed of the gas molecules at that temperature is 602ms.Assuming that the rate of diffusion of a gas in inversely proportional to the square root of its density,calculate the density of
Gifty Reply
A hot liquid at 80degree Celsius is added to 600g of the same liquid originally at 10 degree Celsius. when the mixture reaches 30 degree Celsius, what will be the total mass of the liquid?
Gifty
Under which topic
doris
what is electrostatics
Yakub Reply
Study of charges which are at rest
himanshu
Practice Key Terms 9

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Source:  OpenStax, University physics volume 2. OpenStax CNX. Oct 06, 2016 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col12074/1.3
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