Whenever you are faced with adding vectors acting in a straight line (i.e. some directed left and some right, or some acting up and others down) you can use a very simple algebraic technique:
Method: Addition/Subtraction of Vectors in a Straight Line
Choose a positive direction. As an example, for
situations involving displacements in the directions west and east, youmight choose west as your positive direction. In that case,
displacements east are negative.
Next simply add (or subtract) the
magnitude of the vectors using the appropriate signs.
As a final step the direction of the resultant should be included in
words (positive answers are in the positive direction, while negativeresultants are in the negative direction).
Let us consider a few examples.
A tennis ball is rolled towards a wall which is 10 m away from the ball. If after striking the wall the ball rolls a further 2,5 m along the ground away from the wall, calculate algebraically the ball's resultant displacement.
We know that the resultant displacement of the ball
(
${\overrightarrow{x}}_{R}$ ) is equal to the sum of the ball's separate
displacements (
${\overrightarrow{x}}_{1}$ and
${\overrightarrow{x}}_{2}$ ):
Since the motion of the ball is in a straight line (i.e. the ball
moves towards and away from the wall), we can use the method of algebraic additionjust explained.
Let's choose the
positive direction to be towards the wall. This means that the
negative direction is away from the wall.
Finally, in this case
towards the wall is the positive direction , so:
${\overrightarrow{x}}_{R}$ = 7,5 m towards the wall.
Suppose that a tennis ball is thrown horizontally towards a wall at an initial velocity of
$3\phantom{\rule{2pt}{0ex}}\mathrm{m}\xb7\mathrm{s}{}^{-1}$ to the right. After striking the wall, the ball returns to the thrower at
$2\phantom{\rule{2pt}{0ex}}\mathrm{m}\xb7\mathrm{s}{}^{-1}$ . Determine the change in velocity of the ball.
A quick sketch will help us understand the problem.
Remember that velocity is a vector. The change in the velocity of the
ball is equal to the difference between the ball's initial and finalvelocities:
Remember that in this case
towards the wall means a positive velocity , so
away from the wall means a negative velocity :
$\Delta \overrightarrow{v}=5\phantom{\rule{2pt}{0ex}}\mathrm{m}\xb7{\mathrm{s}}^{-1}$ away from the wall.
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest.
Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.?
How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.?
what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done
Rafiq
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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The fundamental frequency of a sonometer wire streached by a load of relative density 's'are n¹ and n² when the load is in air and completly immersed in water respectively then the lation n²/na is