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Motion of a charged particle in a magnetic field

When a charged particle moves through a magnetic field it experiences a force. For a particle that is moving at right anglesto the magnetic field, the force is given by:

F = q v B

where q is the charge on the particle, v is the velocity of the particle and B is the magnetic field through which the particle is moving. Thsi force is called the Lorentz force.

An electron travels at 150 m . s - 1 at right angles to a magnetic field of 80 000 T. What force is exerted on the electron?

  1. We are required to determine the force on a moving charge in a magnetic field

  2. We can use the formula:

    F = q v B
  3. We are given

    • q = 1 , 6 × 10 - 19 C (The charge on an electron)
    • v = 150 m . s - 1
    • B = 80 000 T
  4. F = q v B = ( 1 , 6 × 10 - 19 C ) ( 150 m . s - 1 ) ( 80 000 T ) = 1 , 92 × 10 - 12 N
Got questions? Get instant answers now!
The direction of the force exerted on a charged particle moving through a magnetic field is determined by using the Right HandRule.

Point your first finger (index finger) in the direction of the velocity of the charge, your second finger (middle finger) in the direction of the magnetic field and then your thumb will point in the direction of the force exerted on the charge. If the charge is negative, the direction of the forcewill be opposite to the direction of your thumb.

Real-world applications

The following devices use the movement of charge in a magnetic field

  • old televisions (cathode ray tubes)
  • oscilloscope

Research project : real-life applications of charges moving in a magnetic field

Choose one of the following devices and do some research on the internet or in a library how your device works.

  • oscilloscope
  • television

Lorentz force

  1. What happens to a charged particle when it moves through a magnetic field?
  2. Explain how you would use the Right Hand Rule to determine the direction of the force experienced by a charged particle as it moves in a magnetic field.

Summary

  1. Electromagnetism is the study of the properties and relationship between electric currents and magnetism.
  2. A current-carrying conductor will produce a magnetic field around the conductor.
  3. The direction of the magnetic field is found by using the Right Hand Rule.
  4. Electromagnets are temporary magnets formed by current-carrying conductors.
  5. Electromagnetic induction occurs when a changing magnetic field induces a voltage in a current-carrying conductor.
  6. Transformers use electromagnetic induction to alter the voltage.
  7. A moving charged particle will experience a force in a magnetic field.

End of chapter exercises

  1. State the Right Hand Rule to determine the direction of a magnetic field around a current carrying wire and the Right Hand Rule to determine the direction of the force experienced by a moving charged particle in a magnetic field.
  2. What did Hans Oersted discover about the relationship between electricity and magnetism?
  3. List two uses of electromagnetism.
  4. Draw a labelled diagram of an electromagnet and show the poles of the electromagnet on your sketch.
  5. Transformers are useful electrical devices.
    1. What is a transformer?
    2. Draw a sketch of a step-down transformer.
    3. What is the difference between a step-down and step-up transformer?
    4. When would you use a step-up transformer?
  6. Calculate the voltage on the secondary coil of a transformer if the voltage on the primary coil is 22 000 V and the ratio of primary windings to secondary windings is 500:1.
  7. You find a transformer with 1000 windings on the primary coil and 200 windinds on the secondary coil.
    1. What type of transformer is it?
    2. What will be the voltage on the secondary coil if the voltage on the primary coil is 400 V?
  8. An electron moving horizontally in a TV tube enters a region where there is a uniform magnetic field. This causes the electron to move along the path (shown by the solid line) because the magnetic field exerts a constant force on it. What is the direction of this magnetic field?
    1. upwards (towards the top of the page)
    2. downwards (towards the bottom of the page)
    3. into the page
    4. out of the page

Questions & Answers

A proton is positively charged subatomic particle forming part of a nucleus of an element
Tiro Reply
what are protons
Mihle Reply
examples of soluble substances
Vuyani Reply
The most obvious example of it.. it salt and water where by salt is a solute because it dissolve in water (solvent)... Sugar and rice are example of insoluble because they do not dissolve
Olwethu
a 400 gram package lying on a horizontal surface is aytached to a horizontal string which passes over a smooth pulley.when a mass of 200gram is attached to the other end of the string , the package is on the point of moving . calculate the weight of the package
Luyanda Reply
Assuming zero acceleration then the weight is w= mg which 0.4x9.8 = 3.92N. If you looking for nett F and acceleration in the system then that requires horizontal force and vertical force downwards subtracting upward force. There's no frictional force.
Martin
according to newton's third law of motion,the reaction force to the weight of a book lying on a table is the?
Reality-KiiD Reply
the measure of the refractive power of a medium is called what?
Reality-KiiD
how may i able to understand
Sboniso Reply
what you what to understand
Nka
Try to learn physics language. In other words. If you read magnetic field, to you you have to feel and know what that means to you. If you've played with magnets and put them close, then hold them apart, the force pushing or pulling them is the magnetic force and the area around is th magnetic field
Martin
I've run out of space but begin keeping your own dictionary on physical science. The same would apply to sound, waves, force, acceleration, motion, etc
Martin
definition of an atom
Tumo Reply
How to calculate normal force
Asandile Reply
how do chemical bond
Ndingae Reply
what is resources
Maboni Reply
What Is A Vector?
Rob Reply
A vector is a force with both magnitude and direction
PARTY
what is reduction
Lesego Reply
reduction is the gain of electrons of an atom ; compound or molecule. reduction is also the decrease of the oxidation number of an atom ; compound / molecule.
Omphile
state Newton's second law of motion
Mthobisi
when resultant or net force act on an object an object will accelerate at the direction of the force at an acceleration directly proportional and inversely proportional to the mass
smosh
definition of Monochromatic light
Zolani
what's the difference between reducing and oxidising agent.and. what's the difference oxidising and oxidation number?
black
In Physics, monochromatic describes light that has the same wavelength so it's one colour
ocean_
What does Redox reactins mean?
kholeka Reply
Reaction in which there is transfer of electrons between elements
sibahle
how to calculate a vector
sakhumzi Reply
state Faraday's law in word
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Source:  OpenStax, Siyavula textbooks: grade 11 physical science. OpenStax CNX. Jul 29, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11241/1.2
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