<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Moles and mass

  1. Complete the following table:
    Element Relative atomic mass (u) Sample mass (g) Number of moles in the sample
    Hydrogen 1.01 1.01
    Magnesium 24.31 24.31
    Carbon 12.01 24.02
    Chlorine 35.45 70.9
    Nitrogen 42.08
  2. How many atoms are there in...
    1. 1 mole of a substance
    2. 2 moles of calcium
    3. 5 moles of phosphorus
    4. 24 , 31 g of magnesium
    5. 24 , 02 g of carbon

Molar mass

Molar mass

Molar mass (M) is the mass of 1 mole of a chemical substance. The unit for molar mass is grams per mole or g · mol - 1 .

You will remember that when the mass, in grams, of an element is equal to its relative atomic mass, the sample contains one mole of that element. This mass is called the molar mass of that element.

You may sometimes see the molar mass written as M m . We will use M in this book, but you should be aware of the alternate notation.

It is worth remembering the following: On the periodic table, the relative atomic mass that is shown can be interpreted in two ways.

  1. The mass of a single, average atom of that element relative to the mass of an atom of carbon.
  2. The mass of one mole of the element . This second use is the molar mass of the element.
The relationship between relative atomic mass, molar mass and the mass of one mole for a number of elements.
Element Relative atomic mass (u) Molar mass ( g · mol - 1 ) Mass of one mole of the element (g)
Magnesium 24,31 24,31 24,31
Lithium 6,94 6,94 6,94
Oxygen 16 16 16
Nitrogen 14,01 14,01 14,01
Iron 55,85 55,85 55,85

Calculate the number of moles of iron ( Fe ) in a 11 , 7 g sample.

  1. If we look at the periodic table, we see that the molar mass of iron is 55 , 85 g · mol - 1 . This means that 1 mole of iron will have a mass of 55 , 85 g .

  2. If 1 mole of iron has a mass of 55 , 85 g , then: the number of moles of iron in 111 , 7 g must be:

    111 , 7 g 55 , 85 g · mol - 1 = 2 mol

    There are 2 moles of iron in the sample.

You have a sample that contains 5 moles of zinc.

  1. What is the mass of the zinc in the sample?
  2. How many atoms of zinc are in the sample?
  1. Molar mass of zinc is 65 , 38 g · mol - 1 , meaning that 1 mole of zinc has a mass of 65 , 38 g .

  2. If 1 mole of zinc has a mass of 65,38 g , then 5 moles of zinc has a mass of: 65,38 g × 5 mol = 326,9 g (answer to a)

  3. 5 × 6 , 022 × 10 23 = 30 , 115 × 10 23

    (answer to b)

Moles and molar mass

  1. Give the molar mass of each of the following elements:
    1. hydrogen
    2. nitrogen
    3. bromine
  2. Calculate the number of moles in each of the following samples:
    1. 21 , 62 g of boron ( B )
    2. 54 , 94 g of manganese ( Mn )
    3. 100 , 3 g of mercury ( Hg )
    4. 50 g of barium ( Ba )
    5. 40 g of lead ( Pb )

An equation to calculate moles and mass in chemical reactions

The calculations that have been used so far, can be made much simpler by using the following equation:

n ( number of moles ) = m ( mass of substance in g ) M ( molar mass of substance in g · mol - 1 )
Remember that when you use the equation n = m M , the mass is always in grams ( g ) and molar mass is in grams per mol ( g · mol - 1 ).

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
The fundamental frequency of a sonometer wire streached by a load of relative density 's'are n¹ and n² when the load is in air and completly immersed in water respectively then the lation n²/na is
Mukesh Reply
Properties of longitudinal waves
Sharoon Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Siyavula textbooks: grade 10 physical science [caps]. OpenStax CNX. Sep 30, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11305/1.7
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Siyavula textbooks: grade 10 physical science [caps]' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask