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Potential energy

  1. A tennis ball, of mass 120 g , is dropped from a height of 5 m . Ignore air friction.
    1. What is the potential energy of the ball when it has fallen 3 m ?
    2. What is the velocity of the ball when it hits the ground?
  2. A bullet, mass 50 g , is shot vertically up in the air with a muzzle velocity of 200 m · s - 1 . Use the Principle of Conservation of Mechanical Energy to determine the height that the bullet will reach. Ignore air friction.
  3. A skier, mass 50 kg , is at the top of a 6,4 m ski slope.
    1. Determine the maximum velocity that she can reach when she skies to the bottom of the slope.
    2. Do you think that she will reach this velocity? Why/Why not?
  4. A pendulum bob of mass 1,5 kg , swings from a height A to the bottom of its arc at B. The velocity of the bob at B is 4 m · s - 1 . Calculate the height A from which the bob was released. Ignore the effects of air friction.
  5. Prove that the velocity of an object, in free fall, in a closed system, is independent of its mass.

Summary

  • The potential energy of an object is the energy the object has due to his position above a reference point.
  • The kinetic energy of an object is the energy the object has due to its motion.
  • Mechanical energy of an object is the sum of the potential energy and kinetic energy of the object.
  • The unit for energy is the joule (J).
  • The Law of Conservation of Energy states that energy cannot be created or destroyed, but can only be changed from one form into another.
  • The Law of Conservation of Mechanical Energy states that the total mechanical energy of an isolated system remains constant.
  • The table below summarises the most important equations:
Potential Energy E P = m g h
Kinetic Energy E K = 1 2 m v 2
Mechanical Energy E M = E K + E P

End of chapter exercises: gravity and mechanical energy

  1. Give one word/term for the following descriptions.
    1. The force with which the Earth attracts a body.
    2. The unit for energy.
    3. The movement of a body in the Earth's gravitational field when no other forces act on it.
    4. The sum of the potential and kinetic energy of a body.
    5. The amount of matter an object is made up of.
  2. Consider the situation where an apple falls from a tree. Indicate whether the following statements regarding this situation are TRUE or FALSE. Write only 'true' or 'false'. If the statement is false, write down the correct statement.
    1. The potential energy of the apple is a maximum when the apple lands on the ground.
    2. The kinetic energy remains constant throughout the motion.
    3. To calculate the potential energy of the apple we need the mass of the apple and the height of the tree.
    4. The mechanical energy is a maximum only at the beginning of the motion.
    5. The apple falls at an acceleration of 9,8 m · s - 2 .
  3. A man fires a rock out of a slingshot directly upward. The rock has an initial velocity of 15 m · s - 1 .
    1. What is the maximum height that the rock will reach?
    2. Draw graphs to show how the potential energy, kinetic energy and mechanical energy of the rock changes as it moves to its highest point.
  4. A metal ball of mass 200 g is tied to a light string to make a pendulum. The ball is pulled to the side to a height (A), 10 cm above the lowest point of the swing (B). Air friction and the mass of the string can be ignored. The ball is let go to swing freely.
    1. Calculate the potential energy of the ball at point A.
    2. Calculate the kinetic energy of the ball at point B.
    3. What is the maximum velocity that the ball will reach during its motion?
  5. A truck of mass 1,2 tons is parked at the top of a hill, 150 m high. The truck driver lets the truck run freely down the hill to the bottom.
    1. What is the maximum velocity that the truck can achieve at the bottom of the hill?
    2. Will the truck achieve this velocity? Why/why not?
  6. A stone is dropped from a window, 6 m above the ground. The mass of the stone is 25 g . Use the Principle of Conservation of Energy to determine the speed with which the stone strikes the ground.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
The fundamental frequency of a sonometer wire streached by a load of relative density 's'are n¹ and n² when the load is in air and completly immersed in water respectively then the lation n²/na is
Mukesh Reply
Properties of longitudinal waves
Sharoon Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Siyavula textbooks: grade 10 physical science [caps]. OpenStax CNX. Sep 30, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11305/1.7
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