# 27.5 Single slit diffraction  (Page 3/4)

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(a) How wide is a single slit that produces its first minimum for 633-nm light at an angle of $\text{28}\text{.}0º$ ? (b) At what angle will the second minimum be?

(a) $1\text{.}\text{35}×{\text{10}}^{-6}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{m}$

(b) $\text{69}\text{.}9º$

(a) What is the width of a single slit that produces its first minimum at $\text{60}\text{.}0º$ for 600-nm light? (b) Find the wavelength of light that has its first minimum at $\text{62}\text{.}0º$ .

Find the wavelength of light that has its third minimum at an angle of $\text{48}\text{.}6º$ when it falls on a single slit of width $3\text{.}\text{00}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{μm}$ .

750 nm

Calculate the wavelength of light that produces its first minimum at an angle of $\text{36}\text{.}9º$ when falling on a single slit of width $1\text{.}\text{00}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{μm}$ .

(a) Sodium vapor light averaging 589 nm in wavelength falls on a single slit of width $7\text{.}\text{50}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{μm}$ . At what angle does it produces its second minimum? (b) What is the highest-order minimum produced?

(a) $9\text{.}\text{04º}$

(b) 12

(a) Find the angle of the third diffraction minimum for 633-nm light falling on a slit of width $\text{20}\text{.}0\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{μm}$ . (b) What slit width would place this minimum at $\text{85}\text{.}0º$ ? Explicitly show how you follow the steps in Problem-Solving Strategies for Wave Optics

(a) Find the angle between the first minima for the two sodium vapor lines, which have wavelengths of 589.1 and 589.6 nm, when they fall upon a single slit of width $2\text{.}\text{00}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{μm}$ . (b) What is the distance between these minima if the diffraction pattern falls on a screen 1.00 m from the slit? (c) Discuss the ease or difficulty of measuring such a distance.

(a) $0\text{.}\text{0150º}$

(b) 0.262 mm

(c) This distance is not easily measured by human eye, but under a microscope or magnifying glass it is quite easily measurable.

(a) What is the minimum width of a single slit (in multiples of $\lambda$ ) that will produce a first minimum for a wavelength $\lambda$ ? (b) What is its minimum width if it produces 50 minima? (c) 1000 minima?

(a) If a single slit produces a first minimum at $\text{14}\text{.}5º$ , at what angle is the second-order minimum? (b) What is the angle of the third-order minimum? (c) Is there a fourth-order minimum? (d) Use your answers to illustrate how the angular width of the central maximum is about twice the angular width of the next maximum (which is the angle between the first and second minima).

(a) $\text{30}\text{.}1º$

(b) $\text{48}\text{.}7º$

(c) No

(d) ${2\theta }_{1}=\left(2\right)\left(\text{14.5º}\right)=\text{29º},\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}{\theta }_{2}-{\theta }_{1}=\text{30}\text{.}\text{05º}-\text{14}\text{.}5º\text{=}\text{15}\text{.}\text{56º}$ . Thus, $\text{29º}\approx \left(2\right)\left(\text{15}\text{.}\text{56º}\right)=\text{31}\text{.}1º$ .

A double slit produces a diffraction pattern that is a combination of single and double slit interference. Find the ratio of the width of the slits to the separation between them, if the first minimum of the single slit pattern falls on the fifth maximum of the double slit pattern. (This will greatly reduce the intensity of the fifth maximum.)

Integrated Concepts

A water break at the entrance to a harbor consists of a rock barrier with a 50.0-m-wide opening. Ocean waves of 20.0-m wavelength approach the opening straight on. At what angle to the incident direction are the boats inside the harbor most protected against wave action?

$\text{23}\text{.}6º$ and $\text{53}\text{.}1º$

Integrated Concepts

An aircraft maintenance technician walks past a tall hangar door that acts like a single slit for sound entering the hangar. Outside the door, on a line perpendicular to the opening in the door, a jet engine makes a 600-Hz sound. At what angle with the door will the technician observe the first minimum in sound intensity if the vertical opening is 0.800 m wide and the speed of sound is 340 m/s?

Describe an experiment to determine short half life
what is science
A 20MH coil has a resistance of 50 ohms and us connected in series with a capacitor to a 520MV supply
what is physics
it is the science which we used in our daily life
Sujitha
Physics is the branch of science that deals with the study of matter and the interactions it undergoes with energy
Junior
it is branch of science which deals with study of happening in the human life
AMIT
it is when you get up of your arse and do some real work 😁
A 20MH coil has a resistance of 50 ohms and is connected in series with a capacitor to a 250MV supply if the circuit is to resonate at 100KHZ, Determine 1: the capacitance of the capacitor 2: the working voltage of the circuit, given that pie =3.142
Musa
Heat is transfered by thermal contact but if it is transfered by conduction or radiation, is it possible to reach in thermal equilibrium?
Yes, It is possible by conduction if Surface is Adiabatic
Astronomy
what are the fundamentals qualities
what is physic3
Kalilu
what is physic
Kalilu
Physics? Is a branch of science dealing with matter in relation to energy.
Moses
Physic... Is a purging medicine, which stimulates evacuation of the bowels.
Moses
are you asking for qualities or quantities?
Noman
give examples of three dimensional frame of reference
your fat arse sitting all day is a good reference of three dimensional numbnut
Universe
Noman
Yes the Universe itself
Astronomy
Examine different types of shoes, including sports shoes and thongs. In terms of physics, why are the bottom surfaces designed as they are? What differences will dry and wet conditions make for these surfaces?
sports shoes are designed in such a way they are gripped well with your feet and their bases have and high friction surfaces, Thong shoes are for comfort, these are easily removed and light weight. these are usually low friction surfaces but in wet conditions they offer greater friction.
Noman
thong sleepers are usually used in restrooms.
Noman
what is wave
The phenomenon of transfer of energy
Noman
how does time flow in one dimension
you mean in three dimensions......numbnut
yeah that was a mistake
Lord
if it flows in three dimensions does it mean if an object theoretically moves beyond the speed of light it won't experience time
Lord
time seems to flow in one direction...but I the past present and future happen every moment time flies regardless.
but if an object moves beyond the speed of light time stops right for it
Lord
yes but at light speed it ceases
Lord
yes it always flow from past to future.
Noman
if v=ktx Ly Mz find the value of x,y and z
x=v=ktx Ly Mz find the value of x,y and z
y=v=ktx Ly Mz find the value of x,y and z
z=v=ktx Ly Mz find the value of x,y and z
now get your lazy arse up and clean the kitchen 😁
I want to join the conversation
😂
hmm
Stephen
what conversation you talking about? .....numbnut
how do i calculate for period of the oscillation
T=2π√(m÷k).K is spring constance
Ambe
T=2π√m/k
Lord
does the force in a system result in the energy transfer?
full meaning of GPS system
global positioning system
Noman
what's the use of the GPS
Matthew