# 24.3 The electromagnetic spectrum  (Page 15/33)

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Give an example of energy carried by an electromagnetic wave.

In an MRI scan, a higher magnetic field requires higher frequency radio waves to resonate with the nuclear type whose density and location is being imaged. What effect does going to a larger magnetic field have on the most efficient antenna to broadcast those radio waves? Does it favor a smaller or larger antenna?

Laser vision correction often uses an excimer laser that produces 193-nm electromagnetic radiation. This wavelength is extremely strongly absorbed by the cornea and ablates it in a manner that reshapes the cornea to correct vision defects. Explain how the strong absorption helps concentrate the energy in a thin layer and thus give greater accuracy in shaping the cornea. Also explain how this strong absorption limits damage to the lens and retina of the eye.

## Problems&Exercises

(a) Two microwave frequencies are authorized for use in microwave ovens: 900 and 2560 MHz. Calculate the wavelength of each. (b) Which frequency would produce smaller hot spots in foods due to interference effects?

(a) 33.3 cm (900 MHz) 11.7 cm (2560 MHz)

(b) The microwave oven with the smaller wavelength would produce smaller hot spots in foods, corresponding to the one with the frequency 2560 MHz.

(a) Calculate the range of wavelengths for AM radio given its frequency range is 540 to 1600 kHz. (b) Do the same for the FM frequency range of 88.0 to 108 MHz.

A radio station utilizes frequencies between commercial AM and FM. What is the frequency of a 11.12-m-wavelength channel?

26.96 MHz

Find the frequency range of visible light, given that it encompasses wavelengths from 380 to 760 nm.

Combing your hair leads to excess electrons on the comb. How fast would you have to move the comb up and down to produce red light?

$5.0×{10}^{14}$ Hz

Electromagnetic radiation having a $\text{15}\text{.}0-\mu \text{m}$ wavelength is classified as infrared radiation. What is its frequency?

Approximately what is the smallest detail observable with a microscope that uses ultraviolet light of frequency $1\text{.}\text{20}×{\text{10}}^{\text{15}}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{Hz}$ ?

$\lambda =\frac{c}{f}=\frac{3\text{.}\text{00}×{\text{10}}^{8}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{m/s}}{1\text{.}\text{20}×{\text{10}}^{\text{15}}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{Hz}}=2\text{.}\text{50}×{\text{10}}^{–7}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{m}$

A radar used to detect the presence of aircraft receives a pulse that has reflected off an object $6×{\text{10}}^{-5}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{s}$ after it was transmitted. What is the distance from the radar station to the reflecting object?

Some radar systems detect the size and shape of objects such as aircraft and geological terrain. Approximately what is the smallest observable detail utilizing 500-MHz radar?

0.600 m

Determine the amount of time it takes for X-rays of frequency $3×{\text{10}}^{\text{18}}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{Hz}$ to travel (a) 1 mm and (b) 1 cm.

If you wish to detect details of the size of atoms (about $1×{\text{10}}^{-\text{10}}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{m}$ ) with electromagnetic radiation, it must have a wavelength of about this size. (a) What is its frequency? (b) What type of electromagnetic radiation might this be?

(a) $f=\frac{c}{\lambda }=\frac{3\text{.}\text{00}×{\text{10}}^{8}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{m/s}}{1×{\text{10}}^{-\text{10}}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{m}}=3×{\text{10}}^{\text{18}}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{Hz}$

(b) X-rays

If the Sun suddenly turned off, we would not know it until its light stopped coming. How long would that be, given that the Sun is $1\text{.}\text{50}×{\text{10}}^{\text{11}}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{m}$ away?

Distances in space are often quoted in units of light years, the distance light travels in one year. (a) How many meters is a light year? (b) How many meters is it to Andromeda, the nearest large galaxy, given that it is $2\text{.}\text{00}×{\text{10}}^{6}$ light years away? (c) The most distant galaxy yet discovered is $\text{12}\text{.}0×{\text{10}}^{9}$ light years away. How far is this in meters?

Calculate the final velocity attained, when a ball is given a velocity of 2.5m/s, acceleration of 0.67m/s² and reaches its point in 10s. Good luck!!!
2.68m/s
Doc
vf=vi+at vf=2.5+ 0.67*10 vf= 2.5 + 6.7 vf = 9.2
babar
s = vi t +1/2at sq s=58.5 s=v av X t vf= 9.2
babar
how 2.68
babar
v=u+at where v=final velocity u=initial velocity a=acceleration t=time
Eklu
my project is Sol gel process how to prepare this process pls tell me
Bala
the dimension of work and energy is ML2T2 find the unit of work and energy hence drive for work?
KgM2S2
Acquah
Two bodies P and Quarter each of mass 1000g. Moved in the same direction with speed of 10m/s and 20m/s respectively. Calculate the impulse of P and Q obeying newton's 3rd law of motion
kk
Doc
definition for wave?
A disturbance that travel from one medium to another and without causing permanent change to its displacement
Fagbenro
In physics, a wave is a disturbance that transfers energy through matter or space, with little or no associated mass transport (Mass transfer). ... There are two main types ofwaves: mechanical and electromagnetic. Mechanicalwaves propagate through a physical matter, whose substance is being deformed
Devansh
K
Manyo
thanks jare
Doc
Thanks
Note: LINEAR MOMENTUM Linear momentum is defined as the product of a system’s mass multiplied by its velocity: size 12{p=mv} {}
what is physic
zalmia
Study of matter and energy
Fagbenro
physics is the science of matter and energy and their interactions
Acquah
physics is the technology behind air and matter
Doc
Okay
William
hi sir
Bala
how easy to understanding physics sir
Bala
Easy to learn
William
31. Calculate the initial (from rest) acceleration of a proton in a 5.00×106 N/C electric field (such as created by a research Van de Graaff). Explicitly show how you follow the steps in the Problem-Solving Strategy for electrostatics.
A tennis ball is projected at an angle and attains a range of 78. if the velocity is 30metres per second, calculate the angle
Shimolla
what friction
question on friction
Wisdom
the rubbing of one object or surface against another.
author
momentum is the product of mass and it's velocity.
Algayawi
what are bioelements?
Edina
Friction is a force that exist between two objects in contact. e.g. friction between road and car tires.
Eklu
With regards to a shielded cable, is there an induced current on the shield when the center conductor is carrying an AC Current? What is the formula?
what is phenomena
no idea
Awoke
its phenomenon, an observable fact.
author
Mujy achy marks hasil krny k leay kesy tayari krni ho ge?plz help me I'M sooo woried
konsi university m ho and konsa course h
Mohit
what is force
Force is the cause and momentum is its effect.
Salman
A force is a pull or a push on an object, causing an object to move or a moving object to stop.
Eklu
Find the velocity that make one full oscillation in 10 seconds and also makes 1.7meters in the same time
yes
Rafael
OK
Oluwaseun
17m/s
Eklu
17m/s
Gabriel
0.17
Devansh
17m/s
Harrison
how did you solve it
Acquah
t=10s a=1.7m v=? u=0 but v=u+at but u=0 v=at 1.7×10=17 v=17m/s that's how I solved it.
Eklu
kk
Acquah
How is a=1.7m?
El
a is an acceleration
El
eklu..... I respect u....
Doc
its relating to time and oscillation made.
Eklu
You mean A as an amplitude?
El
ok
Emmanuel
what is voltmeter
A voltmeter is a device use in measuring electric potential in a volt.
Find out the equation of a simple harmonic progressive wave that have 0.2m with a frequency of 550hertz.If the wave moves along a positive x axis with the speed of 330m/s