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A cosmic ray electron moves at 7 . 50 × 10 6 m/s size 12{7 "." "50" times "10" rSup { size 8{6} } `"m/s"} {} perpendicular to the Earth’s magnetic field at an altitude where field strength is 1 . 00 × 10 5 T size 12{1 "." "00" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - 5} } `T} {} . What is the radius of the circular path the electron follows?

4.27 m

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A proton moves at 7 . 50 × 10 7 m/s size 12{7 "." "50" times "10" rSup { size 8{7} } `"m/s"} {} perpendicular to a magnetic field. The field causes the proton to travel in a circular path of radius 0.800 m. What is the field strength?

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(a) Viewers of Star Trek hear of an antimatter drive on the Starship Enterprise . One possibility for such a futuristic energy source is to store antimatter charged particles in a vacuum chamber, circulating in a magnetic field, and then extract them as needed. Antimatter annihilates with normal matter, producing pure energy. What strength magnetic field is needed to hold antiprotons, moving at 5 . 00 × 10 7 m/s size 12{5 "." "00" times "10" rSup { size 8{7} } `"m/s"} {} in a circular path 2.00 m in radius? Antiprotons have the same mass as protons but the opposite (negative) charge. (b) Is this field strength obtainable with today’s technology or is it a futuristic possibility?

(a) 0.261 T

(b) This strength is definitely obtainable with today’s technology. Magnetic field strengths of 0.500 T are obtainable with permanent magnets.

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(a) An oxygen-16 ion with a mass of 2 . 66 × 10 26 kg size 12{2 "." "66" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - "26"} } `"kg"} {} travels at 5 . 00 × 10 6 m/s size 12{5 "." "00" times "10" rSup { size 8{6} } `"m/s"} {} perpendicular to a 1.20-T magnetic field, which makes it move in a circular arc with a 0.231-m radius. What positive charge is on the ion? (b) What is the ratio of this charge to the charge of an electron? (c) Discuss why the ratio found in (b) should be an integer.

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What radius circular path does an electron travel if it moves at the same speed and in the same magnetic field as the proton in [link] ?

4 . 36 × 10 4 m size 12{4 "." "36" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - 4} } " m"} {}

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A velocity selector in a mass spectrometer uses a 0.100-T magnetic field. (a) What electric field strength is needed to select a speed of 4 . 00 × 10 6 m/s size 12{4 "." "00" times "10" rSup { size 8{6} } `"m/s"} {} ? (b) What is the voltage between the plates if they are separated by 1.00 cm?

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An electron in a TV CRT moves with a speed of 6 . 00 × 10 7 m/s size 12{6 "." "00" times "10" rSup { size 8{7} } `"m/s"} {} , in a direction perpendicular to the Earth’s field, which has a strength of 5 . 00 × 10 5 T size 12{5 "." "00" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - 5} } `T} {} . (a) What strength electric field must be applied perpendicular to the Earth’s field to make the electron moves in a straight line? (b) If this is done between plates separated by 1.00 cm, what is the voltage applied? (Note that TVs are usually surrounded by a ferromagnetic material to shield against external magnetic fields and avoid the need for such a correction.)

(a) 3.00 kV/m

(b) 30.0 V

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(a) At what speed will a proton move in a circular path of the same radius as the electron in [link] ? (b) What would the radius of the path be if the proton had the same speed as the electron? (c) What would the radius be if the proton had the same kinetic energy as the electron? (d) The same momentum?

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A mass spectrometer is being used to separate common oxygen-16 from the much rarer oxygen-18, taken from a sample of old glacial ice. (The relative abundance of these oxygen isotopes is related to climatic temperature at the time the ice was deposited.) The ratio of the masses of these two ions is 16 to 18, the mass of oxygen-16 is 2 . 66 × 10 26 kg , size 12{2 "." "66" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - "26"} } `"kg"} {} and they are singly charged and travel at 5 . 00 × 10 6 m/s size 12{5 "." "00" times "10" rSup { size 8{6} } `"m/s"} {} in a 1.20-T magnetic field. What is the separation between their paths when they hit a target after traversing a semicircle?

0.173 m

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(a) Triply charged uranium-235 and uranium-238 ions are being separated in a mass spectrometer. (The much rarer uranium-235 is used as reactor fuel.) The masses of the ions are 3 . 90 × 10 25 kg size 12{3 "." "90" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - "25"} } `"kg"} {} and 3 . 95 × 10 25 kg size 12{3 "." "95" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - "25"} } `"kg"} {} , respectively, and they travel at 3 . 00 × 10 5 m/s size 12{3 "." "00" times "10" rSup { size 8{5} } `"m/s"} {} in a 0.250-T field. What is the separation between their paths when they hit a target after traversing a semicircle? (b) Discuss whether this distance between their paths seems to be big enough to be practical in the separation of uranium-235 from uranium-238.

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Questions & Answers

how many subject is in physics
Adeshina Reply
the write question should be " How many Topics are in O- Level Physics, or other branches of physics.
effiom
how many topic are in physics
Praise
yh I need someone to explain something im tryna solve . I'll send the question if u down for it
Tamdy Reply
a ripple tank experiment a vibrating plane is used to generate wrinkles in the water .if the distance between two successive point is 3.5cm and the wave travel a distance of 31.5cm find the frequency of the vibration
Tamdy
the range of objects and phenomena studied in physics is
Bethel Reply
what is Linear motion
Hamza Reply
straight line motion is called linear motion
then what
Amera
linear motion is a motion in a line, be it in a straight line or in a non straight line. It is the rate of change of distance.
Saeedul
Hi
aliyu
your are wrong Saeedul
Richard
Linear motion is a one-dimensional motion along a straight line, and can therefore be described mathematically using only one spatial dimension
Jason
is a one-dimensional motion along a straight line, and can therefore be described mathematically using only one spatial dimensions. 
Praise
what is a classical electrodynamics?
Marga
what is dynamics
Marga
dynamic is the force that stimulates change or progress within the system or process
Oze
what is the formula to calculate wavelength of the incident light
David Reply
if a spring is is stiffness of 950nm-1 what work will be done in extending the spring by 60mmp
Hassan Reply
State the forms of energy
Samzy Reply
machanical
Ridwan
Word : Mechanical wave Definition : The waves, which need a material medium for their propagation, e.g., Sound waves. \n\nOther Definition: The waves, which need a material medium for their propagation, are called mechanical waves. Mechanical waves are also called elastic waves. Sound waves, water waves are examples of mechanical waves.t Definition: wave consisting of periodic motion of matter; e.g. sound wave or water wave as opposed to electromagnetic wave.h
Clement Reply
correct
Akinpelu
what is mechanical wave
Akinpelu Reply
a wave which require material medium for its propagation
syed
The S.I unit for power is what?
Samuel Reply
watt
Okoli
Am I correct
Okoli
it can be in kilowatt, megawatt and so
Femi
yes
Femi
correct
Jaheim
kW
Akinpelu
OK that's right
Samuel
SI.unit of power is.watt=j/c.but kw.and Mw are bigger.umots
syed
What is physics
aish Reply
study of matter and its nature
Akinpelu
The word physics comes from a Greek word Physicos which means Nature.The Knowledge of Nature. It is branch of science which deals with the matter and energy and interaction between them.
Uniform
why in circular motion, a tangential acceleration can change the magnitude of the velocity but not its direction
Syafiqah Reply
reasonable
Femi
because it is balanced by the inward acceleration otherwise known as centripetal acceleration
MUSTAPHA
What is a wave
Mutuma Reply
Tramsmission of energy through a media
Mateo
is the disturbance that carry materials as propagation from one medium to another
Akinpelu
mistakes thanks
Akinpelu
find the triple product of (A*B).C given that A =i + 4j, B=2i - 3j and C = i + k
Favour Reply
Difference between north seeking pole and south seeking pole
Stanley Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, College physics. OpenStax CNX. Jul 27, 2015 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11406/1.9
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