# Motion  (Page 3/4)

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Further, let the reference system attached to the cloud itself is moving, say, at the speed of 50 km/hr, in a direction opposite to that of the aircraft as seen by the person on the ground. Now, locating ourselves in the frame of reference of the cloud, we can visualize that the aircraft is changing its position more rapidly than as observed by the observer on the ground i.e. at the combined speed and would be seen flying by the observer on the cloud at the speed of 1000 + 50 = 1050 km/hr.

## We need to change our mind set

The scientific measurement requires that we change our mindset about perceiving motion and its scientific meaning. To our trained mind, it is difficult to accept that a stationary building standing at a place for the last 20 years is actually moving for an observer, who is moving towards it. Going by the definition of motion, the position of the building in the coordinate system of an approaching observer is changing with time. Actually, the building is moving for all moving bodies. What it means that the study of motion requires a new scientific approach about perceiving motion. It also means that the scientific meaning of motion is not limited to its interpretation from the perspective of earth or an observer attached to it. Motion of the tree as seen by the person driving the truck

Consider the motion of a tree as seen from a person driving a truck ( See Figure above ) . The tree is undeniably stationary for a person standing on the ground. The coordinates of the tree in the frame of reference attached to the truck, however, is changing with time. As the truck moves ahead, the coordinates of the tree is increasing in the opposite direction to that of the truck. The tree, thus, is moving backwards for the truck driver – though we may find it hard to believe as the tree has not changed its position on the ground and is stationary. This deep rooted perception negating scientific hard fact is the outcome of our conventional mindset based on our life long perception of the bodies grounded to the earth.

## Is there an absolute frame of reference?

Let us consider following :

In nature, we find that smaller entities are contained within bigger entities, which themselves are moving. For example, a passenger is part of a train, which in turn is part of the earth, which in turn is part of the solar system and so on. This aspect of containership of an object in another moving object is chained from smaller to bigger bodies. We simply do not know which one of these is the ultimate container and the one, which is not moving.

These aspects of motion as described in the above paragraph leads to the following conclusions about frame of reference :

"There is no such thing like a “mother of all frames of reference” or the ultimate container, which can be considered at rest. As such, no measurement of motion can be considered absolute. All measurements of motion are, therefore, relative."

## Motion types

Nature displays motions of many types. Bodies move in a truly complex manner. Real time motion is mostly complex as bodies are subjected to various forces. These motions are not simple straight line motions. Consider a bird’s flight for example. Its motion is neither in the straight line nor in a plane. The bird flies in a three dimensional space with all sorts of variations involving direction and speed. A boat crossing a river, on the other hand, roughly moves in the plane of water surface.

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