<< Chapter < Page | Chapter >> Page > |
In a simple electrical circuit, the sole resistor converts energy supplied by the source into another form. Conservation of energy is evidenced here by the fact that all of the energy supplied by the source is converted to another form by the resistor alone. We will find that conservation of energy has other important applications in circuits and is a powerful tool in circuit analysis.
See how the equation form of Ohm's law relates to a simple circuit. Adjust the voltage and resistance, and see the current change according to Ohm's law. The sizes of the symbols in the equation change to match the circuit diagram.
If the voltage across a fixed resistance is doubled, what happens to the current?
(a)
The table below gives the voltages and currents recorded across a resistor.
Voltage (V) | 2.50 | 5.00 | 7.50 | 10.00 | 12.50 |
Current (A) | 0.69 | 1.38 | 2.09 | 2.76 | 3.49 |
What is the resistance of a bulb if the current in it is 1.25 A when a 4 V voltage supply is connected to it? If the voltage supply is increased to 7 V, what will be the current in the bulb?
3.2 Ω, 2.19 A
The $\text{IR}$ drop across a resistor means that there is a change in potential or voltage across the resistor. Is there any change in current as it passes through a resistor? Explain.
How is the $\text{IR}$ drop in a resistor similar to the pressure drop in a fluid flowing through a pipe?
What current flows through the bulb of a 3.00-V flashlight when its hot resistance is $3\text{.}\text{60 \Omega}$ ?
0.833 A
Calculate the effective resistance of a pocket calculator that has a 1.35-V battery and through which 0.200 mA flows.
What is the effective resistance of a car's starter motor when 150 A flows through it as the car battery applies 11.0 V to the motor?
$7\text{.}\text{33}\times {\text{10}}^{-2}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\Omega $
How many volts are supplied to operate an indicator light on a DVD player that has a resistance of $1\text{40}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\Omega $ , given that 25.0 mA passes through it?
(a) Find the voltage drop in an extension cord having a $0\text{.}\text{0600-}\Omega $ resistance and through which 5.00 A is flowing. (b) A cheaper cord utilizes thinner wire and has a resistance of $0\text{.}\text{300}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\Omega $ . What is the voltage drop in it when 5.00 A flows? (c) Why is the voltage to whatever appliance is being used reduced by this amount? What is the effect on the appliance?
(a) 0.300 V
(b) 1.50 V
(c) The voltage supplied to whatever appliance is being used is reduced because the total voltage drop from the wall to the final output of the appliance is fixed. Thus, if the voltage drop across the extension cord is large, the voltage drop across the appliance is significantly decreased, so the power output by the appliance can be significantly decreased, reducing the ability of the appliance to work properly.
A power transmission line is hung from metal towers with glass insulators having a resistance of $1\text{.}\text{00}\times {\text{10}}^{9}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\Omega .$ What current flows through the insulator if the voltage is 200 kV? (Some high-voltage lines are DC.)
Notification Switch
Would you like to follow the 'College physics for ap® courses' conversation and receive update notifications?