A ball is launched at an angle of 60 degrees above the horizontal, and the vertical position of the ball is recorded at various points in time in the table shown, assuming the ball was at a height of 0 at time t = 0.
Draw a graph of the ball's vertical velocity versus time.
Describe the graph of the ball's horizontal velocity.
Draw a graph of the ball's vertical acceleration versus time.
The graph of the ball's vertical velocity over time should begin at 4.90 m/s during the time interval 0 - 0.1 sec (there should be a data point at t = 0.05 sec, v = 4.90 m/s). It should then have a slope of -9.8 m/s
^{2} , crossing through v = 0 at t = 0.55 sec and ending at v = -0.98 m/s at t = 0.65 sec.
The graph of the ball's horizontal velocity would be a constant positive value, a flat horizontal line at some positive velocity from t = 0 until t = 0.7 sec.
The
graphical method of adding vectors$\mathbf{A}$ and
$\mathbf{B}$ involves drawing vectors on a graph and adding them using the head-to-tail method. The resultant vector
$\mathbf{R}$ is defined such that
$\mathbf{\text{A}}+\mathbf{\text{B}}=\mathbf{\text{R}}$ . The magnitude and direction of
$\mathbf{R}$ are then determined with a ruler and protractor, respectively.
The
graphical method of subtracting vector$\mathbf{B}$ from
$\mathbf{A}$ involves adding the opposite of vector
$\mathbf{B}$ , which is defined as
$-\mathbf{B}$ . In this case,
$\text{A}\u2013\mathbf{\text{B}}=\mathbf{\text{A}}+(\text{\u2013B})=\text{R}$ . Then, the head-to-tail method of addition is followed in the usual way to obtain the resultant vector
$\mathbf{R}$ .
Addition of vectors is
commutative such that
$\mathbf{\text{A}}+\mathbf{\text{B}}=\mathbf{\text{B}}+\mathbf{\text{A}}$ .
The
head-to-tail method of adding vectors involves drawing the first vector on a graph and then placing the tail of each subsequent vector at the head of the previous vector. The resultant vector is then drawn from the tail of the first vector to the head of the final vector.
If a vector
$\mathbf{A}$ is multiplied by a scalar quantity
$c$ , the magnitude of the product is given by
$\text{cA}$ . If
$c$ is positive, the direction of the product points in the same direction as
$\mathbf{A}$ ; if
$c$ is negative, the direction of the product points in the opposite direction as
$\mathbf{A}$ .
Conceptual questions
Which of the following is a vector: a person's height, the altitude on Mt. Everest, the age of the Earth, the boiling point of water, the cost of this book, the Earth's population, the acceleration of gravity?
Two campers in a national park hike from their cabin to the same spot on a lake, each taking a different path, as illustrated below. The total distance traveled along Path 1 is 7.5 km, and that along Path 2 is 8.2 km. What is the final displacement of each camper?
If an airplane pilot is told to fly 123 km in a straight line to get from San Francisco to Sacramento, explain why he could end up anywhere on the circle shown in
[link] . What other information would he need to get to Sacramento?
Suppose you take two steps
$\mathbf{\text{A}}$ and
$\mathbf{\text{B}}$ (that is, two nonzero displacements). Under what circumstances can you end up at your starting point? More generally, under what circumstances can two nonzero vectors add to give zero? Is the maximum distance you can end up from the starting point
$\mathbf{\text{A}}+\mathbf{\text{B}}$ the sum of the lengths of the two steps?
A weather vane is some sort of directional arrow parallel to the ground that may rotate freely in a horizontal plane. A typical weather vane has a large cross-sectional area perpendicular to the direction the arrow is pointing, like a “One Way” street sign. The purpose of the weather vane is to indicate the direction of the wind. As wind blows pa
the same behavior thru the prism out or in water bud abbot
Ju
If this will experimented with a hollow(vaccum) prism in water then what will be result ?
Anurag
What was the previous far point of a patient who had laser correction that reduced the power of her eye by 7.00 D, producing a normal distant vision power of 50.0 D for her?
What is the far point of a person whose eyes have a relaxed power of 50.5 D?
Jaydie
What is the far point of a person whose eyes have a relaxed power of 50.5 D?
Jaydie
A young woman with normal distant vision has a 10.0% ability to accommodate (that is, increase) the power of her eyes. What is the closest object she can see clearly?
Jaydie
29/20 ? maybes
Ju
In what ways does physics affect the society both positively or negatively
Propose a force standard different from the example of a stretched spring discussed in the text. Your standard must be capable of producing the same force repeatedly.