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Integrated Concepts

Police radar determines the speed of motor vehicles using the same Doppler-shift technique employed for ultrasound in medical diagnostics. Beats are produced by mixing the double Doppler-shifted echo with the original frequency. If 1 . 50 × 10 9 -Hz size 12{1 "." "50"´"10" rSup { size 8{9} } "-Hz"} {} microwaves are used and a beat frequency of 150 Hz is produced, what is the speed of the vehicle? (Assume the same Doppler-shift formulas are valid with the speed of sound replaced by the speed of light.)

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Integrated Concepts

Assume the mostly infrared radiation from a heat lamp acts like a continuous wave with wavelength 1.50 μ m . (a) If the lamp’s 200-W output is focused on a person’s shoulder, over a circular area 25.0 cm in diameter, what is the intensity in W/m 2 size 12{"W/m" rSup { size 8{2} } } {} ? (b) What is the peak electric field strength? (c) Find the peak magnetic field strength. (d) How long will it take to increase the temperature of the 4.00-kg shoulder by 2.00º C , assuming no other heat transfer and given that its specific heat is 3 . 47 × 10 3 J/kg ºC ?

(a) 4 . 07 k W/m 2 size 12{4 "." "07""kW/m" rSup { size 8{2} } } {}

(b) 1.75 kV/m

(c) 5 . 84 μ T size 12{5 "." "84" mT} {}

(d) 2 min 19 s

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Integrated Concepts

On its highest power setting, a microwave oven increases the temperature of 0.400 kg of spaghetti by 45 . C size 12{"45" "." 0°C} {} in 120 s. (a) What was the rate of power absorption by the spaghetti, given that its specific heat is 3 . 76 × 10 3 J/kg ºC ? (b) Find the average intensity of the microwaves, given that they are absorbed over a circular area 20.0 cm in diameter. (c) What is the peak electric field strength of the microwave? (d) What is its peak magnetic field strength?

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Integrated Concepts

Electromagnetic radiation from a 5.00-mW laser is concentrated on a 1 . 00 -mm 2 size 12{1 "." "00""-mm" rSup { size 8{2} } } {} area. (a) What is the intensity in W/m 2 size 12{"W/m" rSup { size 8{2} } } {} ? (b) Suppose a 2.00-nC static charge is in the beam. What is the maximum electric force it experiences? (c) If the static charge moves at 400 m/s, what maximum magnetic force can it feel?

(a) 5 . 00 × 10 3 W/m 2 size 12{5 "." "00"´"10" rSup { size 8{3} } " W/m" rSup { size 8{2} } } {}

(b) 3 . 88 × 10 6 N size 12{3 "." "88" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - 6} } " N"} {}

(c) 5 . 18 × 10 12 N size 12{ {underline {5 "." "18" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - "12"} } " N"}} } {}

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Integrated Concepts

A 200-turn flat coil of wire 30.0 cm in diameter acts as an antenna for FM radio at a frequency of 100 MHz. The magnetic field of the incoming electromagnetic wave is perpendicular to the coil and has a maximum strength of 1 . 00 × 10 12 T size 12{1 "." "00"×"10" rSup { size 8{-"12"} } " T"} {} . (a) What power is incident on the coil? (b) What average emf is induced in the coil over one-fourth of a cycle? (c) If the radio receiver has an inductance of 2 . 50 μ H size 12{2 "." "50" mH} {} , what capacitance must it have to resonate at 100 MHz?

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Integrated Concepts

If electric and magnetic field strengths vary sinusoidally in time, being zero at t = 0 size 12{t=0} {} , then E = E 0 sin ft size 12{E=E rSub { size 8{0} } "sin"2π ital "ft"} {} and B = B 0 sin ft size 12{B=B rSub { size 8{0} } "sin"2p ital "ft"} {} . Let f = 1 . 00 GHz size 12{f=1 "." "00"" GHz"} {} here. (a) When are the field strengths first zero? (b) When do they reach their most negative value? (c) How much time is needed for them to complete one cycle?

(a) t = 0 size 12{t=0} {}

(b) 7 . 50 × 10 10 s size 12{7 "." "50" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - "10"} } " s"} {}

(c) 1 . 00 × 10 9 s size 12{1 "." "00" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - 9} } " s"} {}

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Unreasonable Results

A researcher measures the wavelength of a 1.20-GHz electromagnetic wave to be 0.500 m. (a) Calculate the speed at which this wave propagates. (b) What is unreasonable about this result? (c) Which assumptions are unreasonable or inconsistent?

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Unreasonable Results

The peak magnetic field strength in a residential microwave oven is 9 . 20 × 10 5 T size 12{9 "." "20"´"10" rSup { size 8{-5} } " T"} {} . (a) What is the intensity of the microwave? (b) What is unreasonable about this result? (c) What is wrong about the premise?

(a) 1 . 01 × 10 6 W/m 2 size 12{1 "." "01" times "10" rSup { size 8{6} } " W/m" rSup { size 8{2} } } {}

(b) Much too great for an oven.

(c) The assumed magnetic field is unreasonably large.

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Unreasonable Results

An LC size 12{ ital "LC"} {} circuit containing a 2.00-H inductor oscillates at such a frequency that it radiates at a 1.00-m wavelength. (a) What is the capacitance of the circuit? (b) What is unreasonable about this result? (c) Which assumptions are unreasonable or inconsistent?

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Unreasonable Results

An LC size 12{ ital "LC"} {} circuit containing a 1.00-pF capacitor oscillates at such a frequency that it radiates at a 300-nm wavelength. (a) What is the inductance of the circuit? (b) What is unreasonable about this result? (c) Which assumptions are unreasonable or inconsistent?

(a) 2 . 53 × 10 20 H size 12{2 "." "53" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - "20"} } H} {}

(b) L is much too small.

(c) The wavelength is unreasonably small.

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Create Your Own Problem

Consider electromagnetic fields produced by high voltage power lines. Construct a problem in which you calculate the intensity of this electromagnetic radiation in W/m 2 size 12{"W/m" rSup { size 8{2} } } {} based on the measured magnetic field strength of the radiation in a home near the power lines. Assume these magnetic field strengths are known to average less than a μ T size 12{μT} {} . The intensity is small enough that it is difficult to imagine mechanisms for biological damage due to it. Discuss how much energy may be radiating from a section of power line several hundred meters long and compare this to the power likely to be carried by the lines. An idea of how much power this is can be obtained by calculating the approximate current responsible for μ T size 12{μT} {} fields at distances of tens of meters.

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Create Your Own Problem

Consider the most recent generation of residential satellite dishes that are a little less than half a meter in diameter. Construct a problem in which you calculate the power received by the dish and the maximum electric field strength of the microwave signals for a single channel received by the dish. Among the things to be considered are the power broadcast by the satellite and the area over which the power is spread, as well as the area of the receiving dish.

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Questions & Answers

how i don understand
Willam Reply
how do I access the Multiple Choice Questions? the button never works and the essay one doesn't either
Savannah Reply
How do you determine the magnitude of force
Peace Reply
mass × acceleration OR Work done ÷ distance
Seema
Which eye defect is corrected by a lens having different curvatures in two perpendicular directions?
Valentina Reply
acute astigmatism?
the difference between virtual work and virtual displacement
Noman Reply
How do you calculate uncertainties
Ancilla Reply
What is Elasticity
Salim Reply
using a micro-screw gauge,the thickness of a piece of a A4 white paper is measured to be 0.5+or-0.05 mm. If the length of the A4 paper is 26+or-0.2 cm, determine the volume of the A4 paper in: a). Cubic centimeters b). Cubic meters
Ancilla Reply
what is module
Alex Reply
why it is possible for an object(man) to stay on air without falling down?
akande Reply
its impossible, what do you mean exactly?
Ryan
Exactly
Emmanuella
it's impossible
Your
Why is it not possible to stand in air?
bikko
the air molecules are very light enough to oppose the gravitational pull of the earth on the man..... hence, freefall occurs
Arzail
what is physics
Joshua Reply
no life without physics ....that should tell you something
Exactly
Emmanuella
😎👍
E=MC^2
study of matter and energy and an inter-relation between them.
Minahil
that's how the mass and energy are related in stationery frame
Arzail
Ketucky tepung 10m
firdaus
Treeskin, 6m Cloud gam water 2m Cloud gam white 2m And buur
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Like dont have but have
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Two in one
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Okay
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DNA card
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hey am new over hear
Shiwani
War right? My impesilyty again. Don't have INSURAN for me
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PUSH
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I give
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0kay
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Hear from long
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All physics... Hahahaha
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Tree skin and two cloud have tokside maybe
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thanks
firdaus
Kinetic energy is the energy due to montion of waves,electrons,atoms, molecule,substances an object s.
Emmanuella
Opjective 0
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Atom nber 0
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SOME N
firdaus
10.000m permonth. U use momentom with me
firdaus
hi
Hilal
plz anyone can tell what is meteor and why meteor fall in night? can meteor fall in the day
Hilal
meteor are the glowy (i.e. heated when the enter into our atmosphere) parts of meteoroids. now, meteoroids are the debris resulting from the collision of asteroids or comets. yes, it occurs in daytime too, but due to the daylight, we cant observe it as clearly as in night
Arzail
thank's
Hilal
hello guys
Waka
wich method we use to find the potential on a grounded sphere
Noman
with out a physics the life is nothing to see
Yilma Reply
What do you want to talk about😋😋
Emmanuella
the study of all the natural events occuring around us..... this is Physics (until those events obey the laws of physics)
Arzail
Conservation of energy😰
Emmanuella
yeah, that too
Arzail
Energy, it always remains there in a physical system. it can only take the form either in motion (kinetic energy) or in rest (potential energy)
Arzail
In nature organisms feed on one another in an orderly way.
Emmanuella
that describes the food chain, in which we humans are at the top
Arzail
The energy that came initially from the sun 🌞is converted into a form in which it can be stored in green plant.
Emmanuella
Therefore, there is conservation of energy.
Emmanuella
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What is x-ray
Daniel Reply
x-rays are electromagnetic Ray's produced when electrons with very high acceleration is brought to a stop by a target metal..
Felix
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firdaus
@firdaus What is this DNA card? can I get to know?
Arzail
determine how much less the mass of lithium with mass number of 7 and proton of 3 nucleus is compared to that of its constituents.the mass of neutral Li 6.015123 u, calculate the total binding energy and the binding energy per nucleon
Barakat Reply
Try do car normally don't have oil. Like closing at all
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the meaning of physics
VICTOR Reply
physics is a natural sciences that deals with the study of matter (solid, liquid gases) and energy (heat, thermal)
Alhassan
physics is the study of natural phenomena it deals with matter and energy and the relationship that exists between them
Eunice
yeah
Bhawan
physics is the study of quantities and there measurements
Christine
physics is the study of natural phenomena that deals with all the three states of matter
Wilson
I'm with Eunice Femi
Prince
@ wilson, matter exist in more than three states.
adewunmi
more than three states you say @Adewunmi which are?
Christine
@VICTOR the study of natural events around us, known as Physics
Arzail
@Christine plasma, which is hot and ionised gas and has become conductive
Arzail
P drag Drag is kimia Gas and momentom light.
firdaus
And KPEMAMPATAN
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Physic right now KPEMAMPATAN
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Practice Key Terms 2

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Source:  OpenStax, College physics. OpenStax CNX. Jul 27, 2015 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11406/1.9
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