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(a) At what temperature does water boil at an altitude of 1500 m (about 5000 ft) on a day when atmospheric pressure is 8 . 59 × 10 4 N/m 2 ? size 12{8 "." "59" times "10" rSup { size 8{4} } " N/m" rSup { size 8{2} } ?} {} (b) What about at an altitude of 3000 m (about 10,000 ft) when atmospheric pressure is 7 . 00 × 10 4 N/m 2 ? size 12{7 "." "00" times "10" rSup { size 8{4} } " N/m" rSup { size 8{2} } ?} {}

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What is the atmospheric pressure on top of Mt. Everest on a day when water boils there at a temperature of 70 . 0 º C? size 12{"70" "." 0°"C?"} {}

3 . 12 × 10 4 Pa size 12{ size 11{3 "." "12" times "10" rSup { size 8{4} } " Pa"}} {}

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At a spot in the high Andes, water boils at 80 . 0 º C size 12{"80" "." 0°C} {} , greatly reducing the cooking speed of potatoes, for example. What is atmospheric pressure at this location?

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What is the relative humidity on a 25 . 0 º C size 12{"25" "." 0°C} {} day when the air contains 18 . 0 g/m 3 size 12{"18" "." 0" g/m" rSup { size 8{3} } } {} of water vapor?

78.3%

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What is the density of water vapor in g/m 3 size 12{"g/m" rSup { size 8{3} } } {} on a hot dry day in the desert when the temperature is 40 . 0 º C size 12{"40" "." 0°C} {} and the relative humidity is 6.00%?

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A deep-sea diver should breathe a gas mixture that has the same oxygen partial pressure as at sea level, where dry air contains 20.9% oxygen and has a total pressure of 1 . 01 × 10 5 N/m 2 size 12{1 "." "01"´"10" rSup { size 8{5} } " N/m" rSup { size 8{2} } } {} . (a) What is the partial pressure of oxygen at sea level? (b) If the diver breathes a gas mixture at a pressure of 2 . 00 × 10 6 N/m 2 size 12{2 "." "00"´"10" rSup { size 8{6} } " N/m" rSup { size 8{2} } } {} , what percent oxygen should it be to have the same oxygen partial pressure as at sea level?

(a) 2 . 12 × 10 4 Pa size 12{ size 11{2 "." "12" times "10" rSup { size 8{4} } " Pa"}} {}

(b) 1 . 06 % size 12{ size 11{1 "." "06"%}} {}

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The vapor pressure of water at 40 . 0 º C size 12{"40" "." 0°C} {} is 7 . 34 × 10 3 N/m 2 size 12{7 "." "34"´"10" rSup { size 8{3} } " N/m" rSup { size 8{2} } } {} . Using the ideal gas law, calculate the density of water vapor in g/m 3 size 12{"g/m" rSup { size 8{3} } } {} that creates a partial pressure equal to this vapor pressure. The result should be the same as the saturation vapor density at that temperature ( 51 . 1 g/m 3 ) . size 12{ \( "51" "." "1 g/m" rSup { size 8{3} } \) "." } {}

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Air in human lungs has a temperature of 37 . 0 º C size 12{"37" "." 0°C} {} and a saturation vapor density of 44 . 0 g/m 3 size 12{"44" "." "0 g/m" rSup { size 8{3} } } {} . (a) If 2.00 L of air is exhaled and very dry air inhaled, what is the maximum loss of water vapor by the person? (b) Calculate the partial pressure of water vapor having this density, and compare it with the vapor pressure of 6 . 31 × 10 3 N/m 2 size 12{6 "." "31"´"10" rSup { size 8{3} } " N/m" rSup { size 8{2} } } {} .

(a) 8 . 80 × 10 2 g size 12{ size 11{8 "." "80" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - 2} } " g"}} {}

(b) 6 . 30 × 10 3 Pa size 12{ size 11{6 "." "30" times "10" rSup { size 8{3} } " Pa"}} {} ; the two values are nearly identical.

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If the relative humidity is 90.0% on a muggy summer morning when the temperature is 20 . 0 º C size 12{"20" "." 0°C} {} , what will it be later in the day when the temperature is 30 . 0 º C size 12{"30" "." 0°C} {} , assuming the water vapor density remains constant?

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Late on an autumn day, the relative humidity is 45.0% and the temperature is 20 . 0 º C size 12{"20" "." 0°C} {} . What will the relative humidity be that evening when the temperature has dropped to 10 . 0 º C size 12{"10" "." 0°C} {} , assuming constant water vapor density?

82.3%

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Atmospheric pressure atop Mt. Everest is 3 . 30 × 10 4 N/m 2 size 12{3 "." "30"´"10" rSup { size 8{4} } " N/m" rSup { size 8{2} } } {} . (a) What is the partial pressure of oxygen there if it is 20.9% of the air? (b) What percent oxygen should a mountain climber breathe so that its partial pressure is the same as at sea level, where atmospheric pressure is 1 . 01 × 10 5 N/m 2 ? size 12{1 "." "01" times "10" rSup { size 8{5} } " N/m" rSup { size 8{2} } ?} {} (c) One of the most severe problems for those climbing very high mountains is the extreme drying of breathing passages. Why does this drying occur?

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What is the dew point (the temperature at which 100% relative humidity would occur) on a day when relative humidity is 39.0% at a temperature of 20 . 0 º C size 12{"20" "." 0°C} {} ?

4 . 77 º C size 12{ size 11{4 "." "77"°C}} {}

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On a certain day, the temperature is 25 . 0 º C size 12{"25" "." 0°C} {} and the relative humidity is 90.0%. How many grams of water must condense out of each cubic meter of air if the temperature falls to 15 . 0 º C size 12{"15" "." 0°C} {} ? Such a drop in temperature can, thus, produce heavy dew or fog.

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Integrated Concepts

The boiling point of water increases with depth because pressure increases with depth. At what depth will fresh water have a boiling point of 150 º C size 12{"150"°C} {} , if the surface of the water is at sea level?

38 . 3 m size 12{ size 11{"38" "." 3``m}} {}

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Integrated Concepts

(a) At what depth in fresh water is the critical pressure of water reached, given that the surface is at sea level? (b) At what temperature will this water boil? (c) Is a significantly higher temperature needed to boil water at a greater depth?

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Integrated Concepts

To get an idea of the small effect that temperature has on Archimedes’ principle, calculate the fraction of a copper block’s weight that is supported by the buoyant force in 0 º C size 12{0°C} {} water and compare this fraction with the fraction supported in 95 . 0 º C size 12{"95" "." 0°C} {} water.

F B / w Cu F B / w Cu = 1 . 02 size 12{ { { left ( {F rSub { size 8{B} } } slash {w rSub { size 8{"Cu"} } } right )} over { left ( {F rSub { size 8{B} } } slash {w rSub { size 8{"Cu"} } } right ) rSup { size 8{′} } } } =1 "." "02"} {} . The buoyant force supports nearly the exact same amount of force on the copper block in both circumstances.

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Integrated Concepts

If you want to cook in water at 150 º C size 12{"150"°C} {} , you need a pressure cooker that can withstand the necessary pressure. (a) What pressure is required for the boiling point of water to be this high? (b) If the lid of the pressure cooker is a disk 25.0 cm in diameter, what force must it be able to withstand at this pressure?

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Unreasonable Results

(a) How many moles per cubic meter of an ideal gas are there at a pressure of 1 . 00 × 10 14 N/m 2 size 12{1 "." "00"´"10" rSup { size 8{"14"} } " N/m" rSup { size 8{2} } } {} and at 0 º C size 12{0°C} {} ? (b) What is unreasonable about this result? (c) Which premise or assumption is responsible?

(a) 4 . 41 × 10 10 mol/m 3 size 12{ size 11{4 "." "41" times "10" rSup { size 8{"10"} } `"mol/m" rSup { size 8{3} } }} {}

(b) It’s unreasonably large.

(c) At high pressures such as these, the ideal gas law can no longer be applied. As a result, unreasonable answers come up when it is used.

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Unreasonable Results

(a) An automobile mechanic claims that an aluminum rod fits loosely into its hole on an aluminum engine block because the engine is hot and the rod is cold. If the hole is 10.0% bigger in diameter than the 22 . 0 º C size 12{"22" "." 0°C} {} rod, at what temperature will the rod be the same size as the hole? (b) What is unreasonable about this temperature? (c) Which premise is responsible?

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Unreasonable Results

The temperature inside a supernova explosion is said to be 2 . 00 × 10 13 K size 12{2 "." "00"´"10" rSup { size 8{"13"} } " K"} {} . (a) What would the average velocity v rms size 12{v rSub { size 8{"rms"} } } {} of hydrogen atoms be? (b) What is unreasonable about this velocity? (c) Which premise or assumption is responsible?

(a) 7 . 03 × 10 8 m/s size 12{ size 11{7 "." "03" times "10" rSup { size 8{8} } `"m/s"}} {}

(b) The velocity is too high—it’s greater than the speed of light.

(c) The assumption that hydrogen inside a supernova behaves as an idea gas is responsible, because of the great temperature and density in the core of a star. Furthermore, when a velocity greater than the speed of light is obtained, classical physics must be replaced by relativity, a subject not yet covered.

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Unreasonable Results

Suppose the relative humidity is 80% on a day when the temperature is 30 . 0 º C size 12{"30" "." 0°C} {} . (a) What will the relative humidity be if the air cools to 25 . 0 º C size 12{"25" "." 0°C} {} and the vapor density remains constant? (b) What is unreasonable about this result? (c) Which premise is responsible?

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Questions & Answers

fersnels biprism spectrometer how to determined
Bala Reply
how to study the hall effect to calculate the hall effect coefficient of the given semiconductor have to calculate the carrier density by carrier mobility.
Bala
what is the difference between atomic physics and momentum
Nana Reply
find the dimensional equation of work,power,and moment of a force show work?
Emmanuel Reply
What's sup guys
Peter
cul and you all
Okeh
cool you bro
Nana
so what is going on here
Nana
hello peeps
Joseph
Michelson Morley experiment
Riya Reply
how are you
Naveed
am good
Celine
you
Celine
hi
Bala
Calculate the final velocity attained, when a ball is given a velocity of 2.5m/s, acceleration of 0.67m/s² and reaches its point in 10s. Good luck!!!
Eklu Reply
2.68m/s
Doc
vf=vi+at vf=2.5+ 0.67*10 vf= 2.5 + 6.7 vf = 9.2
babar
s = vi t +1/2at sq s=58.5 s=v av X t vf= 9.2
babar
how 2.68
babar
v=u+at where v=final velocity u=initial velocity a=acceleration t=time
Eklu
express your height in Cm
Emmanuel Reply
my project is Sol gel process how to prepare this process pls tell me
Bala
the dimension of work and energy is ML2T2 find the unit of work and energy hence drive for work?
Emmanuel Reply
KgM2S2
Acquah
Two bodies P and Quarter each of mass 1000g. Moved in the same direction with speed of 10m/s and 20m/s respectively. Calculate the impulse of P and Q obeying newton's 3rd law of motion
Shimolla Reply
kk
Doc
definition for wave?
Doc Reply
A disturbance that travel from one medium to another and without causing permanent change to its displacement
Fagbenro
In physics, a wave is a disturbance that transfers energy through matter or space, with little or no associated mass transport (Mass transfer). ... There are two main types ofwaves: mechanical and electromagnetic. Mechanicalwaves propagate through a physical matter, whose substance is being deformed
Devansh
K
Manyo
thanks jare
Doc
Thanks
AMADI
Note: LINEAR MOMENTUM Linear momentum is defined as the product of a system’s mass multiplied by its velocity: size 12{p=mv} {}
AMADI
what is physic
zalmia Reply
please gave me answar
zalmia
Study of matter and energy
Fagbenro
physics is the science of matter and energy and their interactions
Acquah
physics is the technology behind air and matter
Doc
Okay
William
hi sir
Bala
how easy to understanding physics sir
Bala
Easy to learn
William
31. Calculate the initial (from rest) acceleration of a proton in a 5.00×106 N/C electric field (such as created by a research Van de Graaff). Explicitly show how you follow the steps in the Problem-Solving Strategy for electrostatics.
Catina Reply
A tennis ball is projected at an angle and attains a range of 78. if the velocity is 30metres per second, calculate the angle
Shimolla
what friction
Wisdom Reply
question on friction
Wisdom
the rubbing of one object or surface against another.
author
momentum is the product of mass and it's velocity.
Algayawi
what are bioelements?
Edina
Friction is a force that exist between two objects in contact. e.g. friction between road and car tires.
Eklu
With regards to a shielded cable, is there an induced current on the shield when the center conductor is carrying an AC Current? What is the formula?
John Reply
what is phenomena
remilekun Reply
no idea
Awoke
its phenomenon, an observable fact.
author
Mujy achy marks hasil krny k leay kesy tayari krni ho ge?plz help me I'M sooo woried
Imran Reply
konsi university m ho and konsa course h
Mohit
Practice Key Terms 4

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Source:  OpenStax, College physics. OpenStax CNX. Jul 27, 2015 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11406/1.9
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