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Blood pressure

This photo shows a nurse taking a woman’s blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. The nurse is pumping the cuff with her right hand and holding a stethoscope on the patient’s arm with her left hand.
A proficiency in anatomy and physiology is fundamental to any career in the health professions. (credit: Bryan Mason/flickr)

Chapter objectives

After studying this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Distinguish between anatomy and physiology, and identify several branches of each
  • Describe the structure of the body, from simplest to most complex, in terms of the six levels of organization
  • Identify the functional characteristics of human life
  • Identify the four requirements for human survival
  • Define homeostasis and explain its importance to normal human functioning
  • Use appropriate anatomical terminology to identify key body structures, body regions, and directions in the body
  • Compare and contrast at least four medical imagining techniques in terms of their function and use in medicine

Though you may approach a course in anatomy and physiology strictly as a requirement for your field of study, the knowledge you gain in this course will serve you well in many aspects of your life. An understanding of anatomy and physiology is not only fundamental to any career in the health professions, but it can also benefit your own health. Familiarity with the human body can help you make healthful choices and prompt you to take appropriate action when signs of illness arise. Your knowledge in this field will help you understand news about nutrition, medications, medical devices, and procedures and help you understand genetic or infectious diseases. At some point, everyone will have a problem with some aspect of his or her body and your knowledge can help you to be a better parent, spouse, partner, friend, colleague, or caregiver.

This chapter begins with an overview of anatomy and physiology and a preview of the body regions and functions. It then covers the characteristics of life and how the body works to maintain stable conditions. It introduces a set of standard terms for body structures and for planes and positions in the body that will serve as a foundation for more comprehensive information covered later in the text. It ends with examples of medical imaging used to see inside the living body.

Yr 2 Biochemistry Warwick University. Pharmacology module. Quiz questions excluding the things taught in the last few lectures by Bruno on the Nervous System
Quiz PDF eBook: 
Pharmacology (MCQ) [Excl. Nervous System]
Download Pharmacology 1 Quiz PDF eBook
91 Pages
English US
Educational Materials

Sample Questions from the Pharmacology (MCQ) [Excl. Nervous System] Quiz

Question: First-pass metabolism refers to metabolism by....


the liver and gut

the liver only

the stomach, liver and gut

the gut only

the stomach only

Question: Which of the following is NOT an endocrine gland of the brain?



Pineal Gland

Thymus Gland

Pituitary Gland

They all are

Question: An unionised drug means there is better absorption?




Question: The Therapeutic Window/Index....


Is the manimum non-toxic dose / maximum effective dose

Refers to an individual patient

Is the maximum non-toxic dose / minimum effective dose

Refers to a general population

Question: Which of the following is not an endocrine gland?






They all are

Question: Hormones are derived from...


Amino Acids


Lipid precursors


Question: Through which area of the body is there the most drug absorption?


The Lungs

GI tract



Question: The rate of absorption of a drug orally taken is NOT dependent on which of the following?


Gastric emptying

(Splanchnic) Blood flow

Gut motility

The colour of the drug

Question: When thinking of drug administration the acronym ADME refers to...


Absorption Dosage Metabolism Elimination

Absorption Dosage Metabolites Eradication

Administration Dosage Metabolism Excretion

Absorption Distribution Metabolism Elimination

Question: What is not a potential problem of the orally administered drug aspirin (an NSAIDs)?





The absorption is reduced by milk, antacids and iron preparations

Question: What is the % of bioavailability of administering through an IV?







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