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Technology

Grade 5

Machines made easy

Module 1

Systems

PRIOR KNOWLEDGE

  1. WHAT IS A SYSTEM?
  1. Gosh! Have you ever heard this word?

If your answer was yes , explain it briefly in writing. If your answer was no , have a careful look at the following:

Do you know that your body consists of nine different systems? Three of them are the skeleton , the muscle system and the respiratory system .

Assignment

  1. Now write down the name of each system to correspond with the right picture below.
  1. Can you name any of the other systems in your body?

A system is therefore a set of units that work together to perform a certain task.

Example: your skeleton consists of your skull (a unit) and all the other bones in your body (also a unit) that form a strong framework (task) for your body.

  1. SYSTEMS IN TECHNOLOGY

In technology we find four systems, namely the electrical , mechanical , hydraulic (fluid pressure) and pneumatic (air pressure) systems.

  1. MECHANICAL SYSTEMS

In this module we look at mechanical systems. An example of a big mechanical system is a bicycle. A mechanical system uses energy to carry out a specific function. This can be to change the speed, the direction or the force applied.

Assignment

Study the illustration with labels and answer the questions that follow:

  1. What part/parts of the bicycle forms/form the following? (Copy the table on a sheet of paper or in your workbook and then fill in the open spaces.)
Part / Parts Function
a) propulsion unit?
b) steering unit?
c) stopping unit?
  1. What is the function of each of the above?

[LO 1.2]

If we “break up” the bicycle into different parts according to the task that each one carries out, it is easier to understand how each unit works. Each unit can also be broken up into smaller systems, namely an input , a processing and an output unit.

  1. CONTROL

Assignment

  1. What does it mean to exercise control? (Use the explanatory dictionary.)

Control can be exercised by means of an open or a closed system. An open system can be controlled, while a closed system works automatically. (You will learn more about this in the higher grades.)

  1. TYPES OF MECHANICAL SYSTEMS OR MECHANISMS

Examples of mechanical systems are depicted in the pictures below, and next to each is the name of the type of mechanical system.

  1. TYPES OF MOVEMENT THAT A MECHANISM CAN PERFORM

There are mainly four types of movement that a mechanical system can perform if a force is applied to it:

a linear movement (in a straight line and in one direction).

a to-and-fro movement (forwards and backwards in a straight line).

a rotating movement (movement in a circle, like a wheel turning).

a swing movement (a forwards and backwards movement in an arch like a swing).

Assignment

  1. Draw an arrow in the first column of the table to indicate the type of movement each of the mechanical systems carries out.

A machine is a combination of different mechanisms/mechanical systems.

[LO 1.3]

  1. MOVEMENT

The earth’s gravitation causes all objects to be attracted to the earth. However, people have designed mechanical systems to allow machines to move in different directions and at different speeds. Wheels, levers, pulleys and gears make it easier to make a heavy object move.

Assessment

LO 1

TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES AND SKILLS

The learner will be able to apply technological processes and skills ethically and responsibly, using appropriate information and communication technologies.

We know this when the learner:

Investigates:

1.2 finds out about existing products relevant to a problem, need or opportunity, and identifies some design aspects (e.g. who it is for, what it looks like, what it is for, what it is made of);

  • performs, where appropriate, scientific investigations about concepts relevant to a problem, need or opportunity using science process skills:

1.3.1 planning investigations;

  • conducting investigations;

1.3.3 processing and interpreting data;

1.3.4 evaluating and communicating findings.

Makes:

1.7 outlines a plan that shows the steps for making, including drawings or sketches of main parts;

1.8 uses suitable tools and materials to make products by measuring out, cutting or separating, shaping or forming, joining or combining, and finishing the chosen material;

Evaluates:

1.10 evaluates, with assistance, the product according to the design brief and given specifications and constraints (e.g. people, purpose, environment), and suggests improvements and modifications if necessary;

1.11 evaluates the plan of action followed and suggests improvements and modifications if necessary;

Communicates:

  • produces labelled two-dimensional drawings enhanced with colour where appropriate.

LO 2

TECHNOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING

The learner will be able to understand and apply relevant technological knowledge ethically and responsibly.

We know this when the learner:

Systems and control:

  • demonstrates knowledge and understanding of how to use energy sources to power mechanical systems in order to make a product move in some way.

Memorandum

(a)

1. Answers will vary

2. respiratory system skeletal system muscular system

3. nervous system digestive system glandular system

nervous system

e) electrical f) mechanical

(c) Parts Function

1. a) pedals, chain; wheels motion

b) handles; voorwiel change of direction

c) brakes stop

(d)

1. Answers from dictionary of your choice.

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
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Source:  OpenStax, Technology grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10979/1.2
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