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    Right claim justification framework

  • Essential: To say that a right is essential to autonomy is to say that it highlights a capacity whose exercise is necessary tothe general exercise of autonomy. For example, autonomy is based on certain knowledge skills. Hence, we have a right to an education todevelop the knowledge required by autonomy, or we have a right to the knowledge that produces informed consent. In general, rightsare devices for recognizing certain capacities as essential to autonomy and respecting individuals in their exercise of thesecapacities.
  • Vulnerable: The exercise of the capacity protected under the right needs protection. Individuals may interfere with us in ourattempt to exercise our rights. Groups, corporations, and governments might overwhelm us and prevent us from exercising ouressential capacities. In short, the exercise of the capacity requires some sort of protection. For example, an individual’sprivacy is vulnerable to violation. People can gain access to our computers without our authorization and view the information wehave stored. They can even use this information to harm us in some way. The right to privacy, thus, protects certain capacities ofaction that are vulnerable to interference from others. Individual and social energy needs to be expended to protect ourprivacy.
  • Feasible: Rights make claims over others; they imply dutiesthat others have. These claims must not deprive the correlative duty-holders of anything essential. In other words, my rightsclaims over you are not so extensive as to deprive you of your rights. My right to life should not deprive you of your right toself-protection were I to attack you. Thus, the scope of my right claims over you and the rest of society are limited by your abilityto reciprocate. I cannot push my claims over you to recognize and respect my rights to the point where you are deprived of somethingessential.

    Types of duty correlative to a right

  • Duty not to deprive: We have a basic duty not to violate the rights of others. This entails that we must both recognize andrespect these rights. For example, computing specialists have the duty not to deprive others of their rights to privacy by hackinginto private files.
  • Duty to prevent deprivation: Professionals, because of their knowledge, are often in the position to prevent others fromdepriving third parties of their rights. For example, a computing specialist may find that a client is not taking sufficient pains toprotect the confidentiality of information about customers. Outsiders could access this information and use it without theconsent of the customers. The computing specialist could prevent this violation of privacy by advising the client on ways to protectthis information, say, through encryption. The computing specialist is not about to violate the customers’ rights to privacy. Butbecause of special knowledge and skill, the computing specialist may be in a position to prevent others from violating thisright.
  • Duty to aid the deprived: Finally, when others have their rights violated, we have the duty to aid them in their recoveryfrom damages. For example, a computing specialist might have a duty to serve as an expert witness in a lawsuit in which the plaintiffseeks to recover damages suffered from having her right to privacy violated. Part of this duty would include accurate, impartial, andexpert testimony.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
What you would do if you were in the position of the tourist?
Irha Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Corporate governance. OpenStax CNX. Aug 20, 2007 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col10396/1.10
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