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As far back as 1932, Waller noted that“schools have a culture that is definitely their own”(p. 103). Waller went on to describe the rituals of personal relationships,the folkways, mores, irrational sanctions, moral codes, games, ceremonies, traditions, and laws that were so very similar in manyschools and which define what happens in schools. This perspective of a shared culture among schools has been commented on by manyobservers of the sociology of schools, including Deal (1993), Sarason (1996), and Swidler (1979). From this author’s conversations with educators and students around the globe andobservations in schools internationally, there is a basic culture of schooling that transcends national, ethnic, and socio-culturalborders. International exchange students often express how similar their host school is to their school in their native country. Inthis author’s experience, in developing nations there is often a greater cultural similarity between the private schools serving themore wealthy students and sub-urban schools in the U. S. than there is between those private schools and the public schools servingtheir nation’s poorer children. However, as Deal (1993) and Maehr and Buck (1993) commented, each school also possessesindividualized, unique cultural aspects. Schools have distinct personalities, highly unique ceremonies, and varying disciplinenorms. Some schools revere their athletic teams, whereas in other schools art, music, or drama programs are given great attention; inyet other schools, academic achievement is at the apex of community respect. Organizational culture can be a highly powerful force inthe school improvement process; given this definition of culture, it stands to reason that, as Owens (2004) noted, it may often bethe most powerful determinant of the course of change in an organization (p. 191).

Equipped with an understanding of the basic constructs of organizational climate and culture, the nextchallenge facing the leader of a school improvement process becomes the assessment of his or her school’s climate and culture. As Schein (1999, p. 86) noted pointedly, assessment of organizationalclimate and culture must be done in the specific context of some organizational problem or set of circumstances. Consequently, theassessment of the school’s climate and culture must be done specifically in the context of the proposed change(s) andimprovement process. The section that follows provides some methodological insight into that assessment process.

How Can One Assess an Organization’s Climate and Culture?

It is generally agreed that assessment of an organization’s climate is a relatively straight-forward process, especially when compared to the methodologies needed to assess theorganization’s culture. As climate is defined as individuals’perceptions, quantitative survey instruments have become the most widely accepted means of gathering and analyzing organizationalclimate data. The same is not true for the assessment of school culture; in fact, various authorities in the field (e.g., Schein,1999) assert that it absolutely cannot be measured quantitatively through surveys or questionnaires.

Questions & Answers

I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Organizational change in the field of education administration. OpenStax CNX. Feb 03, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10402/1.2
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