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Dedicated to the free exchange of scientific information, the Royal Society of London - and later, itscounterparts throughout Europe such as The Hague and the Academy of Sciences in Paris - proved crucial to the discussion and design ofmodern science and the experimental method. Although the Royal Society was a governmentally established body, it actedindependently as a body dedicated to research and scientific discovery - that is to say, to improving knowledge and integratingall kinds of scientific research into a coherent system. With such a central artery for scientific progress, scientists were able tomore quickly and fiercely support and promote their new ideas about the world.


The defining feature of the scientific revolution lies in how much scientific thought changed during aperiod of only a century, and in how quickly differing thoughts of different natural philosophers condensed to form a cohesiveexperimental method that chemists, biologists, and physicists can easily utilize today. The modern experimental method incorporatesFrancis Bacon's focus on use of controlled experiments and inductive reasoning, Descartes' focus on hypothesis, logic, andreason, Galileo's emphasis on incorporation of established laws from all disciplines (math, astronomy, chemistry, biology, physics)in coming to a conclusion through mechanism, and Newton’s method of composition, with each successive method strengthening the validityof the next. Essentially, the scientific revolution occurred in one quick bound and the advances made from the 17th century onwardappear as little skips in comparison.

However, one must keep in mind that although the Greeks and the philosophers of the 17th century invented andbegan to perfect the experimental method, their outcomes in their experiments were often flawed because they didn't follow their ownadvice. Even philosophers like Francis Bacon, the main promoter of fact-gathering and controlled experimentation failed at some pointin time to control their experiments or use peer review, or used too much inference/logic and too little mathematicproof/experiment. In short, scientists today must learn from the mistakes of the 17th century philosophers like Galileo who wrote soeloquently about the necessity of a successful scientific method but didn’t execute it correctly or failed to recognize theimportance of pursuing scientific progress not simply for theoretical excellence, but for how it can improve the humancondition.

The lesson to take from the history of the scientific revolution is that the ideas of the17th centuryphilosophers have the most impact in the context of the progress they made as an academic whole – as singular scientists, theybecame more prone to faulty logic and uncontrolled experimentation. For instance, non-scientific reasoning such as teleology continuedto affect genius philosophers and scientists such as Descartes and Boyle, and today scientists are faced with the problem ofintelligent design (teleology) being taught as the equivalent of peer-reviewed, substantiated evolutionary theory. Overall, modernscientists remain just as proneto the same problems as the 17th century philosophers and therefore might consider looking towardthe legacy of the successes of the scientific revolution againstthe backward medieval philosophy for guidance.

Works cited

1. "About the Society." The Royal Society 2005. The Royal Society. 15 Nov. 2005<http://www.royalsoc.ac.uk/page.asp?id=2176>.

2. Dear, Peter. Revolutionizing the Sciences: European Knowledge and Its Ambitions,

1500-1700. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005.

3. Francis Bacon. Farlex, Inc. The Free Dictionary 16 Nov. 2005<http://img.tfd.com/authors/bacon.jpg>.

4. Galileo Galilei. NASA. 16 Nov. 2005<http://antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov/apod/ap980913.html>.

5. Hall, A R. The Scientific Revolution 1500-1800: The formation of the Modern Scientific Attitude. Londonand Colchester: Longmans, Green and Co, 1954.

6. Hellyer, Marcus. The Scientific Revolution. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2003.

7. Isaac Newton. Université de Nantes. Sciences - Université de Nantes. 16 Nov. 2005<http://www.sciences.univ-nantes.fr/physique/enseignement/tp/hist/newton.jpg>.

8. René Descartes Free Online Library by Farlex. 16 Nov. 2005<http://descartes.thefreelibrary.com/>.

9. "Robert Boyle." 15 Nov. 2005<http://dbhs.wvusd.k12.ca.us/webdocs/GasLaw/Gas-Boyle-Data.html>.

10. Robert Hooke. NNDB. 15 Nov. 2005<http://www.nndb.com/people/356/000087095/robert-hooke-1.jpg>.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Nanotechnology: content and context. OpenStax CNX. May 09, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10418/1.1
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