<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Dedicated to the free exchange of scientific information, the Royal Society of London - and later, itscounterparts throughout Europe such as The Hague and the Academy of Sciences in Paris - proved crucial to the discussion and design ofmodern science and the experimental method. Although the Royal Society was a governmentally established body, it actedindependently as a body dedicated to research and scientific discovery - that is to say, to improving knowledge and integratingall kinds of scientific research into a coherent system. With such a central artery for scientific progress, scientists were able tomore quickly and fiercely support and promote their new ideas about the world.

Conclusion

The defining feature of the scientific revolution lies in how much scientific thought changed during aperiod of only a century, and in how quickly differing thoughts of different natural philosophers condensed to form a cohesiveexperimental method that chemists, biologists, and physicists can easily utilize today. The modern experimental method incorporatesFrancis Bacon's focus on use of controlled experiments and inductive reasoning, Descartes' focus on hypothesis, logic, andreason, Galileo's emphasis on incorporation of established laws from all disciplines (math, astronomy, chemistry, biology, physics)in coming to a conclusion through mechanism, and Newton’s method of composition, with each successive method strengthening the validityof the next. Essentially, the scientific revolution occurred in one quick bound and the advances made from the 17th century onwardappear as little skips in comparison.

However, one must keep in mind that although the Greeks and the philosophers of the 17th century invented andbegan to perfect the experimental method, their outcomes in their experiments were often flawed because they didn't follow their ownadvice. Even philosophers like Francis Bacon, the main promoter of fact-gathering and controlled experimentation failed at some pointin time to control their experiments or use peer review, or used too much inference/logic and too little mathematicproof/experiment. In short, scientists today must learn from the mistakes of the 17th century philosophers like Galileo who wrote soeloquently about the necessity of a successful scientific method but didn’t execute it correctly or failed to recognize theimportance of pursuing scientific progress not simply for theoretical excellence, but for how it can improve the humancondition.

The lesson to take from the history of the scientific revolution is that the ideas of the17th centuryphilosophers have the most impact in the context of the progress they made as an academic whole – as singular scientists, theybecame more prone to faulty logic and uncontrolled experimentation. For instance, non-scientific reasoning such as teleology continuedto affect genius philosophers and scientists such as Descartes and Boyle, and today scientists are faced with the problem ofintelligent design (teleology) being taught as the equivalent of peer-reviewed, substantiated evolutionary theory. Overall, modernscientists remain just as proneto the same problems as the 17th century philosophers and therefore might consider looking towardthe legacy of the successes of the scientific revolution againstthe backward medieval philosophy for guidance.

Works cited

1. "About the Society." The Royal Society 2005. The Royal Society. 15 Nov. 2005<http://www.royalsoc.ac.uk/page.asp?id=2176>.

2. Dear, Peter. Revolutionizing the Sciences: European Knowledge and Its Ambitions,

1500-1700. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005.

3. Francis Bacon. Farlex, Inc. The Free Dictionary 16 Nov. 2005<http://img.tfd.com/authors/bacon.jpg>.

4. Galileo Galilei. NASA. 16 Nov. 2005<http://antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov/apod/ap980913.html>.

5. Hall, A R. The Scientific Revolution 1500-1800: The formation of the Modern Scientific Attitude. Londonand Colchester: Longmans, Green and Co, 1954.

6. Hellyer, Marcus. The Scientific Revolution. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2003.

7. Isaac Newton. Université de Nantes. Sciences - Université de Nantes. 16 Nov. 2005<http://www.sciences.univ-nantes.fr/physique/enseignement/tp/hist/newton.jpg>.

8. René Descartes Free Online Library by Farlex. 16 Nov. 2005<http://descartes.thefreelibrary.com/>.

9. "Robert Boyle." 15 Nov. 2005<http://dbhs.wvusd.k12.ca.us/webdocs/GasLaw/Gas-Boyle-Data.html>.

10. Robert Hooke. NNDB. 15 Nov. 2005<http://www.nndb.com/people/356/000087095/robert-hooke-1.jpg>.

Questions & Answers

What is the law of demand
Yaw Reply
price increase demand decrease...price decrease demand increase
Mujahid
ıf the price increase the demand decrease and if the demand increase the price decrease
MUBARAK
all other things being equal, an increase in demand causes a decrease in supply and vice versa
SETHUAH
yah
Johnson
how is the economy of usa now
Johnson
What is demand
jude Reply
Demand is the quantity of goods and services a consumer is willing and able to purchase at various prices over a given period of time.
Yaw
yea
SETHUAH
Okay congratulations I'll join you guys later .
Aj
yes
MUBARAK
calculate elasticity of income exercises
HABANABAKIZE Reply
If potatoes cost Jane $1 per kilogram and she has $5 that could possibly spend on potatoes or other items. If she feels that the first kilogram of potatoes is worth $1.50, the second kilogram is worth$1.14, the third is worth $1.05 and subsequent kilograms are worth $0.30, how many kilograms of potatoes will she purchase? What if she only had $2 to spend?
Susan Reply
cause of poverty in urban
DAVY Reply
QI: (A) Asume the following cost data are for a purely competitive producer: At a product price Of $56. will this firm produce in the short run? Why Why not? If it is preferable to produce, what will be the profit-maximizing Or loss-minimizing Output? Explain. What economic profit or loss will the
Falak Reply
what is money
DAVY Reply
money is any asset that is generally acceptable for the exchange of goods and for the settlement of debts
Mnoko
what is economic
Stephen Reply
economics is the study of ways in which people use resources to satisfy their wants
Falak
what is Price mechanism
Dhany Reply
what is Economics
ERNESTINA
The study of resource allocation,distribution and consumption.
Emelyn
introduction to economics
Uday Reply
welfare definition of economics
Uday
examine the wealth and welfare definitions of economics
Uday
read book by ml jhingan
Anand
What do we mean by Asian tigers
Aeesha Reply
Dm me I will tell u
Shailendra
Hi
Aeesha
hi
Pixel
What is Average revenue
KEMZO
How are u doing
KEMZO
it is so fantastic
metasebia
uday
Uday
it is a group of 4 countries named Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan and Hong Kong because their economies are growing very faster
Anand
fyn
EDWARD
Please, average revenue is an amount of money you gained after deducted your total expenditure from your total income.
EDWARD
what's a demand
Edward Reply
it is the quantity of commodities that consumers are willing and able to purchase at particular prices and at a given time
Munanag
quantity of commodities dgat consumers are willing to pat at particular price
Omed
demand depends upon 2 things 1wish to buy 2 have purchasing power of that deserving commodity except any from both can't be said demand.
Bashir
Demand is a various quantity of a commodities that a consumer is willing and able to buy at a particular price within a given period of time. All other things been equal.
Vedzi
State the law of demand
Vedzi
The desire to get something is called demand.
Mahabuba
what is the use of something should pay for its opportunity foregone to indicate?
Random Reply
Why in monopoly does the firm maximize profits when its marginal revenue equals marginal cost
astrid Reply
different between economic n history
Falma Reply
A soccer field is a rectangle 130 meters wide and 110 meters long. The coach asks players to run from one corner to the other corner diagonally across. What is that distance, to the nearest tenths place.
Kimberly Reply
Jeannette has $5 and $10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
August Reply
What is the expressiin for seven less than four times the number of nickels
Leonardo Reply
How do i figure this problem out.
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
Shanjida
I think if critical temperature denote high temperature then a liquid stats boils that time the water stats to evaporate so some moles of h2o to up and due to high temp the bonding break they have low density so it can be a reason
s.
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get Jobilize Job Search Mobile App in your pocket Now!

Get it on Google Play




Source:  OpenStax, Nanotechnology: content and context. OpenStax CNX. May 09, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10418/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Nanotechnology: content and context' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask