<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Lauren Ames, Jo Kent, Amneet Gulati, Adam Purtee

Faculty Sponsor: Christopher Kelty, Rice University Department of Anthropology

The Impact of the Scientific Revolution: A Brief History of the Experimental Method in the 17th Century

The American statesman Adlai Stevenson once said, America “can chart our future clearly and wisely only when weknow the path which has led to the present.”

1Applebaum, xi.
This is clearly true in the field of science and research. Today, as scientists experimentwith nanotechnology and venture into a wide variety of new scientific disciplines, it remains important to take a look back tothe origins of scientific discovery and understand some of the events that have shaped the world of science, and, moreimportantly, to realize how science behaves as an evolving process.

Introduction

The beginning of the seventeenth century is known as the “scientific revolution” for the drastic changesevidenced in the European approach to science during that period. The word “revolution” connotes a period of turmoil and socialupheaval where ideas about the world change severely and a completely new era of academic thought is ushered in. This term,therefore, describes quite accurately what took place in the scientific community following the sixteenth century. During thescientific revolution, medieval scientific philosophy was abandoned in favor of the new methods proposed by Bacon, Galileo, Descartes,and Newton; the importance of experimentation to the scientific method was reaffirmed; the importance of God to science was for themost part invalidated, and the pursuit of science itself (rather than philosophy) gained validity on its own terms. The change tothe medieval idea of science occurred for four reasons: (1) seventeenth century scientists and philosophers were able tocollaborate with members of the mathematical and astronomical communities to effect advances in all fields; (2) scientistsrealized the inadequacy of medieval experimental methods for their work and so felt the need to devise new methods (some of which weuse today); (3) academics had access to a legacy of European, Greek, and Middle Eastern scientific philosophy they could use as astarting point (either by disproving or building on the theorems); and (4) groups like the British Royal Society helped validatescience as a field by providing an outlet for the publication of scientists’ work. These changes were not immediate, nor did theydirectly create the experimental method used today, but they did represent a step toward Enlightenment thinking (with an emphasis onreason) that was revolutionary for the time. Assessment of the state of science before the scientific revolution, examination ofthe differences in the experimental methods utilized by different “scientists” during the seventeenth century, and exploration intohow advances made during the scientific revolution affected the scientific method used in science today will provide an idea of howrevolutionary the breakthroughs of the seventeenth century really were and what impact they’ve had.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Nanotechnology: content and context. OpenStax CNX. May 09, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10418/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Nanotechnology: content and context' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask