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  1. The knowledge, skills and values worth learning for learners in South Africa are clearly set out in the National Curriculum and Assessment Policy Statement for Physical Sciences. The content links to the environment of the learners and is presented within local context, with awareness of global trends.

(b) The National Curriculum Statement Grades R - 12 undertakes to:

  • equip all learners, irrespective of their socio-economic background, race, gender, physical ability or intellectual ability, with the knowledge, skills and values necessary for self-fulfilment to participate meaningfully in society as citizens of a free country;
  • provide access to higher education;
  • facilitate the transition of learners from education institutions to the workplace; and
  • provide employers with a sufficient profile of a learner’s competencies.

(c) The key principles (fuller described in the document) of the National Curriculum Statement for Grades R - 12 are:

  • social transformation: making sure that the educational differences of the past are put right, by providing equal educational opportunities to all;
  • active and critical learning: encouraging an active and critical approach to learning, not only rote learning of given facts;
  • high knowledge and high skills: specified minimum standards of knowledge and skills are set to be achieved at each grade;
  • progression: content and context of each grade shows progression from simple to complex;
  • human rights, inclusivity, environmental and social justice: being sensitive to issues such as poverty, inequality, race, gender, language, age, disability and other factors;
  • valuing indigenous knowledge systems: acknowledging the rich history and heritage of this country; and
  • credibility, quality and efficiency: providing an education that is comparable in quality, breadth and depth to those of other countries.

(d) The aims as listed in the National Curriculum Statement Grades R - 12 interpret the kind of citizen the education systems tries to develop. It aims to produce learners that are able to:

  • identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking;
  • work effectively as individuals and with others as members of a team;
  • organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively;
  • collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information;
  • communicate effectively using visual, symbolic and/or language skills in various modes;
  • use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and the health of others; and
  • demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving contexts do not exist in isolation.

(e) Inclusivity is one of the key principles of the National Curriculum Statement Grades R - 12 and should become a central part of the organisation, planning and teaching at each school.

Educators need to:

  • have a sound understanding of how to recognise and address barriers to learning;
  • know how to plan for diversity;
  • address barriers in the classroom;
  • use various curriculum differentiation strategies Consult the Department of Basic Education’s Guidelines for Inclusive Teaching and Learning (2010) ;
  • address barriers to learning using the support structures within the community; District-Based Support Teams, Institutional-Level Support Teams, parents and Special Schools as Resource Centres.

Questions & Answers

what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Purification of water by natural plants and wetlands
Gift Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Physical science grade 10 teachers' guide - siyavula webbook. OpenStax CNX. Aug 10, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11342/1.1
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