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Lesson plans for investigative activities, appropriate for grades 3-6, that introduce the physics of sound and music, and that explore the ways musical instruments make sounds.

Introduction

Different musical instruments produce sounds in very different ways, but all of them take advantage of some of the fundamental properties of sound - the physics of sound - to make a variety of interesting and pleasant sounds. You will find here a Strings Activity , Wind Instrument Activity , Percussion Activity , and Resonance Activity , as well as worksheets appropriate for younger students. All of these explore some basic concepts of sound wave physics ( acoustics ) while demonstrating how various musical instruments produce sounds.

    Goals and standards

  • Goals - The student will develop an understanding of the physical (scientific) causes of musical sounds, and be able to use appropriate scientific and/or musical terminology to discuss the variety of possible musical sounds.
  • Music Standards Addressed - National Standards for Music Education standard 8 (understanding relationships between music, the other arts, and disciplines outside the arts)
  • Other Subjects Addressed - In encouraging active exploration of the effects of physics on music and musical instruments, these activities also address National Science Education Standards in physical science and in science and technology .
  • Grade Level - 3-8
  • Student Prerequisites - If younger students are not ready to conduct their own lightly-supervised investigations, these activities should be done as full-classroom demonstrations.
  • Teacher Expertise - Teacher expertise in music is not necessary to present this activity. The teacher should be familiar and comfortable with basic acoustics terms and concepts (see Acoustics for Music Theory ).
  • Time Requirements - Reserve one (approximately 45-minute) class period for each activity/discussion, and one class period to finish discussions, draw conclusions, do worksheets, and reinforce terms and concepts. If you have a longer period of time and a large area to work in, you may want to set up each experiment as a "work station" and have student groups move from one station to another.

You can do any one or any combination of the activities. While doing them, introduce whichever of the terms and concepts you think will benefit your students. You can either use only the scientific terms, or only the musical terms, or both. To reinforce the concepts and terms with younger students, follow the activities with the worksheets in the Terms and Concepts section below. For older students, present the relevant information from Frequency, Wavelength, and Pitch , Amplitude and Dynamics , and Transverse and Longitudinal Waves , and include the worksheet and handout from Talking About Sound and Music .

Terms and concepts

During or after your activities, introduce the following terms and concepts to the students. Worksheets to help you do this with younger students are available here as PDF files: Terms Worksheet , Matching Worksheet , Answer sheet . (Or you may copy the figures .) With younger students, you may also want to study Sound and Ears . For older students, use the worksheet and handout in Talking About Sound and Music . For more detailed information on this subject, you may also see Talking about Sound and Music , Frequency, Wavelength, and Pitch , Amplitude and Dynamics , Transverse and Longitudinal Waves , Standing Waves and Musical Instruments , Standing Waves and Wind Instruments , or Acoustics for Music Theory . Use the discussion questions during and after the activities to help the students reach conclusions about their investigations.

Questions & Answers

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Eke Reply
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Almas
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
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William
currently
William
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
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Google
da
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Bhagvanji
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Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
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da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
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ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
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Alexandre
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Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
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LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
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LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
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Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
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Mahi
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Rafiq
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Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
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Bob Reply
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Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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Source:  OpenStax, Noisy learning: loud but fun music education activities. OpenStax CNX. May 17, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10222/1.7
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