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Staff development practices have undergone considerable change over the last two decades. Three trends contributing to the change are: (1) results-driven education, (2) the systems approach to school organization, and (3) the emphasis on constructivism on teaching and learning (Rebore, 1998). All three have powerful implications to how we design and implement professional development programs for technology.

    Class objectives

  • To weigh the effectiveness of our traditional staff development programs.
  • To consider contructivist teaching and learning methods as a way to improve staff development.


  • Read Creighton Chapter 5: Setting the Stage for Staff Development
  • Reread Hoerr's Chapter 7: Facilitating Creativity and Teamwork
  • Bring to class, a list of the different staff development methods and strategies used in your school or division. Include methods you might like to see added.

Results-driven education

Results-driven education has required us to change the behaviors and/or attitudes of teachers and staff. Even in our own administrative language, we talk about effective administrators not only requiring knowledge and skills, but now dispositions or beliefs. What is the connection or relation to programs of professional development in technology? Our staff development efforts must address changing the way people think or what they believe about technology. We must move beyond the belief that its function is word-processing or to serve as an electronic blackboard. Attempts to change teachers’beliefs or thinking about something is not only difficult, but often makes resisters more resistant and saboteurs more likely to participate in sabotage activities.

The systems approach

Thanks to the recent research of such folks as Peter Senge (1996), we’re involved in systemic thinking and planning and concerning ourselves with the interrelatedness of all aspects of our school or district. Thus, an innovative technological development such as the Internet has ramifications for the Science department as well as the Language Arts program. Obviously, it also has ramifications to the home and other points in the community. Again, does the systems approach to education administration have a relationship to technology staff development? I suspect that all of us agree that the essence of a systems approach is its interconnectedness across the netire organization (i.e., school district). Continue this thinking as we look at how technology should blend in with all aspects of our teaching, learning, staff development, community relations, and so forth. This draws attention to the importance of including all members of our school community in the process.

Constructivist teaching and learning

The third trend affecting staff development in education is likely the most significant and the one we need to address the most in our planning of staff development programs for technology. Constructivism presents the notion that learners (young and old) build knowledge structures in their minds rather than have the knowledge implanted by the teacher.

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
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Source:  OpenStax, School personnel administration and instructional supervision. OpenStax CNX. May 27, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10627/1.3
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