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About our team

Senior contributing authors

Barbara Illowsky De Anza College
Susan Dean De Anza College

University of oklahoma contributors

Alexander Holmes Regent's Professor of Economics University of Oklahoma
Kevin Hadley Analyst, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City
Mathew Price Research Assistant, University of Oklahoma

Preface to openstax college's introductory statistics: university of oklahoma custom edition

Alexander Holmes

OpenStax College’s Introductory Statistics by senior contributing writers Barbara Illowsky and Susan Dean is a complete text in itself and thus the creation of a custom edition requires some rationale for all the effort that went into its creation.

This custom edition for the University of Oklahoma builds directly upon Introductory Statistics and maintains, for the most part, the structure of the material. Only does the order of the latter chapters on the Chi squared distribution and the F distribution change. The discrete probability density functions have been reordered in what is felt helps provide a logical development of probability density functions from simple counting formulas to more complex continuous distributions. What has been preserved and is a true foundation stone of both texts are the homework assignments and examples. Many additional homework assignments have been added and new examples that use a more mathematical approach are in the new text, but the wealth of examples, mostly with answers, are critical to student success and a keystone to the OU’s custom edition of Introductory Statistics .

What differentiates this text from its foundation document grows out of a difference in philosophy toward the use of mathematical formulas. The significant and important work of the foundation text to help students master the Texas Instruments calculator has been discarded. All required calculations are within the capability of a $2.00 calculator, until regression, correlation and ANOVA, of course. It is my belief that students lose much if they do not see the formulas in action and develop a “feel” for what they are doing with the data. This requires additional material that helps students understand the combinatorial formula and factorials as well as sigma notation otherwise carried by the calculator. This difference in perspective then changes the acceptance/rejection rule for hypothesis testing to comparisons between calculated test statistics verse p-values. The terminology of confidence intervals, and the process of finding probabilities also changes including now the reliance upon statistical tables not required when probabilities are produced by the TI-83, 83+, 84 or 84+.

Laying more emphasis on the development of the mathematical formulas requires a closer link to the fundamental theorem of inferential statistics, the Central Limit Theorem. This relationship is developed in the foundation text and given its proper critical role in statistical theory. The OU custom edition of Introductory Statistics repeats this link in each section for each test statistic developed; test for proportions, for differences in means and differences in proportions.

Perhaps the greatest difference in the two texts is in the development of regression and correlation analysis. This arises from the second important philosophical perspective the custom edition emphasizes; the link between statistical inference and the scientific method. As an Economist, regression is the tool toward which this whole text is directed although this text is directed more broadly than toward Economics majors. Economics models are fundamentally grounded in assumed relationships of cause and effect. They are developed to both test hypotheses about cause and effect and to predict from such models. This comes from the belief that statistics is the gatekeeper allowing some theories to remain and others to be cast aside for a new perspective of the world around us. This philosophical view is presented in detail throughout and informs the method of presenting the regression model, in particular.

The original correlation and regression chapter has been essentially replaced and dramatically expanded to include confidence intervals for predictions, alternative mathematical forms to allow for testing categorical variables, and the presentation of the multiple regression model.

This OU custom edition Introductory Statistics owes much to the work of Dr. Illowsky and Ms. Dean in OpenStax College’s Introductory Statistics and it is hereby acknowledged with thanks. Indeed, even in their title they foreshadow the creation of this text.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Business statistics -- bsta 200 -- humber college -- version 2016reva -- draft 2016-04-04. OpenStax CNX. Apr 05, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11969/1.5
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