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This Forward was written and published by Robert Pennington, a doctoral student from Virginia Tech, and is part of a larger collection entitled, 21st Century Theories of Education Administration. This Collection is a series of modules written by Virginia Tech Doctoral students in Summer 2009. Professors, Practitioners, and Graduate Students of Educational Administration are granted full rights to use for educational purposes.

The National Council of Professors of Educational Administration has reviewed and accepted this Instructional Module for inclusion in the International Journal of Educational Leadership Preparation, (IJELP), the official publication of the NCPEA Connexions Project and is catalogued under Instructional Modules and Education Material. In addition, the instructional module has been submitted to the U.S. Department of Education’s Educational Resource Information Center (ERIC).


Educational administrative practitioners evaluate theories, implement practices and refine leadership strategies daily. The exploration of the leadership gap between theory and praxis is a quantum undertaking. Quantum physicists explain the predictable behavior of particles and the energy they contain using quantum mechanics (Izquierdo-Aymerich and Aduriz-Bravo 2009). The manipulation and prediction of behavior allows leaders to bring about desired outcomes. Leadership, a human phenomenon embedded in culture, represents many things to different people (Ciulla 2008). Researchers have examined leadership skills from a variety of perspectives (Ciulla 2008). No single trait or combination of traits has been identified that fully explains a leaders' ability to bring about positive change, but most agree there are energy investments necessary in all areas (Robinson, Lloyd et al. 2008). There exists a plethora of leadership theories, styles, paradigms and ideas. Leadership from the educational perspective takes many forms and presents many challenges. In an attempt to examine leadership from several diverse perspectives, topics such as Leadership for Technology, Transformational vs. Servant Leadership: A Comparative Analysis, Synergistic Leadership: A Gender Inclusive Theory, Spiritual and Ethical Leadership, Leading from Below the Surface, Leading in Rural Appalachia, How Leaders Use Their Opposable Minds will be investigated.

According to the quantum theory, leadership at the atomic level involves transferring discrete packets of energy into particles to propel them into an excited state (Izquierdo-Aymerich and Aduriz-Bravo 2009). In order for particles to remain in this new environment, energy must be constantly supplied to the particle. In order for leaders to initiate change, large investments of energy must be made initially to effect change. Once a quantum leap has been made, the energy required to maintain the change is exponentially less than that required to effect the original change. Leadership at the atomic level is independent of state. Effecting change from a transformational, spiritual, synergistic, or emotional vantage point requires the input of quantum packets of energy. Whether Leading from Below the Surface, in rural Appalachia or with an Opposable Mind, leaders cannot opt for energy input below the threshold required to effect change. From the quantum frame of reference, it is an all or nothing process. Without the required discrete packet of energy input, particles quickly come to rest in the non-excited state. The law of conservation of energy governs energy investments made by educators. The finite amount of energy in all systems can be converted in form, but no new energy can be created. Effective leaders find a way to sustain necessary energy input in spite of stresses placed on other critical system components(Wells 2009).

The goal of this project is to produce a working body of leadership theory and information addressing issues of teaching and learning. Finding ways to effect change and balance the energy needs of delicate systems becomes more challenging every day. As administrative practitioners, the opportunity to quantum leap from theory to practice occurs often. Individuals will examine parallel theories, derive new ideas and present concepts drawn from both theory and practice. The Virginia Tech Doctoral Cohort hopes to succeed in advancing the understanding of different approaches to leadership and the methods by which leadership can be practiced more effectively.


Ciulla, J. B. (2008). "Leadership studies and "the fusion of horizons"." The Leadership Quarterly 19(4): 393-395.

Izquierdo-Aymerich, M. and A. Aduriz-Bravo (2009). "Physical Construction of the Chemical Atom: Is It Convenient to Go All the Way Back?" Science&Education 18: 1-13.

Robinson, V. M. J., C. A. Lloyd, et al. (2008). "The Impact of Leadership on Student Outcomes: An Analysis of the Differential Effects of Leadership Types." Educational Administration Quarterly 44(5): 635-674.

Wells, C. M. (2009). "Leadership, Quantum Mechanics and the Relationship with Professional Learning Communities." NCPEA Educational Leadership Review 10.

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
is this allso about nanoscale material
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
where is the latest information on a no technology how can I find it
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, 21st century theories of education administration. OpenStax CNX. Jul 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10727/1.1
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