<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

This Forward was written and published by Robert Pennington, a doctoral student from Virginia Tech, and is part of a larger collection entitled, 21st Century Theories of Education Administration. This Collection is a series of modules written by Virginia Tech Doctoral students in Summer 2009. Professors, Practitioners, and Graduate Students of Educational Administration are granted full rights to use for educational purposes.

The National Council of Professors of Educational Administration has reviewed and accepted this Instructional Module for inclusion in the International Journal of Educational Leadership Preparation, (IJELP), the official publication of the NCPEA Connexions Project and is catalogued under Instructional Modules and Education Material. In addition, the instructional module has been submitted to the U.S. Department of Education’s Educational Resource Information Center (ERIC).


Educational administrative practitioners evaluate theories, implement practices and refine leadership strategies daily. The exploration of the leadership gap between theory and praxis is a quantum undertaking. Quantum physicists explain the predictable behavior of particles and the energy they contain using quantum mechanics (Izquierdo-Aymerich and Aduriz-Bravo 2009). The manipulation and prediction of behavior allows leaders to bring about desired outcomes. Leadership, a human phenomenon embedded in culture, represents many things to different people (Ciulla 2008). Researchers have examined leadership skills from a variety of perspectives (Ciulla 2008). No single trait or combination of traits has been identified that fully explains a leaders' ability to bring about positive change, but most agree there are energy investments necessary in all areas (Robinson, Lloyd et al. 2008). There exists a plethora of leadership theories, styles, paradigms and ideas. Leadership from the educational perspective takes many forms and presents many challenges. In an attempt to examine leadership from several diverse perspectives, topics such as Leadership for Technology, Transformational vs. Servant Leadership: A Comparative Analysis, Synergistic Leadership: A Gender Inclusive Theory, Spiritual and Ethical Leadership, Leading from Below the Surface, Leading in Rural Appalachia, How Leaders Use Their Opposable Minds will be investigated.

According to the quantum theory, leadership at the atomic level involves transferring discrete packets of energy into particles to propel them into an excited state (Izquierdo-Aymerich and Aduriz-Bravo 2009). In order for particles to remain in this new environment, energy must be constantly supplied to the particle. In order for leaders to initiate change, large investments of energy must be made initially to effect change. Once a quantum leap has been made, the energy required to maintain the change is exponentially less than that required to effect the original change. Leadership at the atomic level is independent of state. Effecting change from a transformational, spiritual, synergistic, or emotional vantage point requires the input of quantum packets of energy. Whether Leading from Below the Surface, in rural Appalachia or with an Opposable Mind, leaders cannot opt for energy input below the threshold required to effect change. From the quantum frame of reference, it is an all or nothing process. Without the required discrete packet of energy input, particles quickly come to rest in the non-excited state. The law of conservation of energy governs energy investments made by educators. The finite amount of energy in all systems can be converted in form, but no new energy can be created. Effective leaders find a way to sustain necessary energy input in spite of stresses placed on other critical system components(Wells 2009).

The goal of this project is to produce a working body of leadership theory and information addressing issues of teaching and learning. Finding ways to effect change and balance the energy needs of delicate systems becomes more challenging every day. As administrative practitioners, the opportunity to quantum leap from theory to practice occurs often. Individuals will examine parallel theories, derive new ideas and present concepts drawn from both theory and practice. The Virginia Tech Doctoral Cohort hopes to succeed in advancing the understanding of different approaches to leadership and the methods by which leadership can be practiced more effectively.


Ciulla, J. B. (2008). "Leadership studies and "the fusion of horizons"." The Leadership Quarterly 19(4): 393-395.

Izquierdo-Aymerich, M. and A. Aduriz-Bravo (2009). "Physical Construction of the Chemical Atom: Is It Convenient to Go All the Way Back?" Science&Education 18: 1-13.

Robinson, V. M. J., C. A. Lloyd, et al. (2008). "The Impact of Leadership on Student Outcomes: An Analysis of the Differential Effects of Leadership Types." Educational Administration Quarterly 44(5): 635-674.

Wells, C. M. (2009). "Leadership, Quantum Mechanics and the Relationship with Professional Learning Communities." NCPEA Educational Leadership Review 10.

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, 21st century theories of education administration. OpenStax CNX. Jul 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10727/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the '21st century theories of education administration' conversation and receive update notifications?